A wheat berry, or wheatberry, is a whole wheat kernel, composed of the bran, germ, and endosperm, without the husk. Botanically, it is a type of fruit called a caryopsis. Wheat berries have a tan to reddish-brown color and are available as either a [clarify]. They are often added to salads or baked into bread to add a crunchy texture. If wheat berries are milled, whole-wheat flour is produced.
Wheat berries are the primary ingredient in an Eastern European Christmas porridge called kutya. In France, cooked durum wheat berries are commonly eaten as a side dish instead of rice or corn. This side dish is often called ebly, from the name of the first brand of prepared wheat berries.
Puffed wheat berries
- Cuccìa, a Sicilian wheat berry dish
- Bulgur, another whole wheat preparation
- Frumenty, a dish made with boiled wheat berries
- Graham flour
- Borș, a fermented drink made from sprouted grain
- The Complete Guide to Growing and Using Wheatgrass: Everything You Need to Know Explained Simply. Atlantic. 2010. p. 132. ISBN 9781601383396.
- James D. Mauseth (2014). Botany. Jones & Bartlett Publishers. p. 223. ISBN 978-1-4496-4884-8.
Perhaps the simplest of fruits are those of grasses (all cereals such as corn and wheat)...These fruits are caryopses.