Wheel of Fortune video games
|Wheel of Fortune|
|Publisher(s)||GameTek, Sony Imagesoft, Take-Two Interactive, Hasbro Interactive, Atari, Inc., Sony Online Entertainment, THQ, Ubisoft|
|Creator(s)||Merv Griffin (original game show)|
|Latest release||Wheel of Fortune|
October 30, 2018
Wheel of Fortune is an American television game show created by Merv Griffin, premiering in 1975 with a syndicated version airing in 1983. Since 1986, the syndicated version has been adapted into various video games spanning numerous hardware generations. Most versions released in the 20th century were published by GameTek, which filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection in 1998.
An Atari 2600 adaptation of Wheel of Fortune was planned by The Great Game Co. in 1983, but ended up being cancelled during development. In 1987 the first of GameTek's many Wheel games was published, with Sharedata as its developer; this version was released simultaneously on the Commodore 64 and the Nintendo Entertainment System, and subsequently spawned a second Commodore 64 version of Wheel from Sharedata, as well as a "Family Edition" and a "Junior Edition", both of which were exclusive to the NES and were developed by Rare Neither host Pat Sajak nor hostess Vanna White is featured in any of these games; however, White is featured in a later NES game from GameTek and IJE Inc., which was released in 1992 and also appeared on the Sega Genesis, Super NES, and the Game Gear. The magazine Mega gave the Super NES and Genesis versions a score of 22%, saying that there was "no challenge". A "Deluxe Edition" was also released for the Super NES in 1994. A sequel, Wheel of Fortune 2, was planned for Genesis but never released.
In 1994, Sony Imagesoft released a game based on Wheel for the Sega CD. Next Generation rated it two stars out of five, and stated that "Even as a party game, Wheel of Fortune doesn't cut it." Two years later, GameTek made plans to create adaptations for the Sega Saturn and the 3DO, but both were canceled during development.
In mid-1997, Take-Two Interactive acquired GameTek's assets, including the rights to develop Wheel of Fortune games for the Nintendo 64. On December 2, 1997, Take-Two Interactive released its first Wheel game for the Nintendo 64; this was Take-Two's last collaboration with GameTek. The Sega CD and N64 versions of Wheel both feature full-motion video footage of White as host. Reviews generally stated that the N64 version did not hold up well to other N64 games but did a decent job of recreating the show, particularly the camera movements and the 3D studio. However, they derided the unnatural-sounding voices of the contestants and the animations of Vanna White walking in front of the puzzles (without touching the panels when they light up). The game received a score of 6.4 out of 10 from IGN and 5.125 out of 10 from Electronic Gaming Monthly.
Artech Studios and Hasbro Interactive produced a video game adaptation of Wheel for Sony Computer Entertainment's PlayStation console on December 15, 1998; this version again features White appearing as host via FMV sequences, and a 3-D engine that allows it to have a presentation similar to that of the actual show. This particular version is compatible with a memory card which allows it to avoid previously played puzzles until the entire library has been played through. On September 12, 2000, Hasbro released a second PlayStation version of Wheel, which features a behind-the-scenes interview with White and a qualifying exam for contestant hopefuls. After this, Atari, Inc. released a PlayStation 2 edition in November 2003. On March 19, 2009, Sony Online Entertainment released a version of the show for the PlayStation 3 through the PlayStation Network; Chris Roper of IGN gave that version a 5.8 out of 10, saying that it felt "empty and lifeless" for not featuring any host or hostess or any voice work whatsoever, and also criticized the graphic quality, saying that the game was "not fully polished".
On November 2, 2010, THQ released video games based on Wheel of Fortune for Nintendo's Wii console. This set of games is the first to feature Sajak as well as White as well as the last to feature announcer Charlie O'Donnell. In 2012 THQ-published versions developed by Pipeworks Software appeared for the PlayStation 3, the Wii U, and Microsoft's Xbox 360.
On November 7, 2017, Ubisoft released video games based on Wheel of Fortune for PlayStation 4 and Xbox One. The game comes in digital download as well as a bundle retail version with Jeopardy!. This version of Wheel of Fortune features Classic and Quick modes, as well as online multiplayer options like leaderboards and voice chat. It includes over 4,000 puzzles and a leveling system that enables players to unlock 250 new customization items that can be used on contestants or the studio set. This version was later released for Nintendo Switch.
In 1988, Mattel created a Wheel of Fortune game that allowed playing along with the TV show. At that time, the show would include encoded data at the beginning of each round, seen as flickering in the TV picture, that the Mattel machine could "download" to receive the puzzle and timing information for when letters were revealed in the puzzle. The game allowed players to spin and guess letters in the puzzle, buy vowels, and solve the puzzle. If a contestant on the TV show solved the puzzle before a person playing the Mattel machine solved it, the machine would reveal the puzzle and terminate the round.
In 1990, GameTek created a Wheel of Fortune game for the Game Boy. Then in 1997, Tiger Electronics released two adaptations of the show for its Game.com system, which allows players to use the console's touchscreen to select letters. Additionally, Majesco Entertainment once planned a Wheel adaptation of its own for the Game Boy Color but that was cancelled. On November 2, 2010, THQ published a Nintendo DS Wheel of Fortune video game developed by Griptonite Games, which allows players to customize and name their player character.
Additionally, a number of Wheel games have been released for mobile telephones. On May 2, 2005, InfoSpace's Atlas Mobile studio created a tournament-style game based on the show as part of its "For Prizes" lineup of games allowing players to win free gift certificates; this game is set to a time limit of five minutes and requires players to complete the regular rounds in five turns or less apiece. Subsequent mobile phone incarnations of the show were released by Sony Pictures Mobile in 2006, 2008, 2010, and 2012.
Wheel of Fortune has also been adapted for personal computers. From 1987 through 1990, GameTek created five Wheel of Fortune computer games for the Apple II, Commodore 64, and MS-DOS. On November 15, 1998, Hasbro Interactive released a PC version of its own, where Vanna White is joined by the then-current Wheel announcer, Charlie O'Donnell (but not Pat Sajak). In 2000, a port for Macintosh was made, released by MacSoft That same year, Hasbro released a second PC version of Wheel, which like the aforementioned PlayStation equivalent features a behind-the-scenes interview and a qualifying exam. Atari's 2003 follow-up also saw a PC version of its own which was published by infogrames.
In 2007 Sony Online Entertainment produced a PC version of the show titled Wheel of Fortune Deluxe, sharing publishing duties with Encore, Inc. Encore followed that up with a "Super Deluxe" version of the game in 2008.
Sony Pictures Digital and Game Show Network's interactive division released a free Wheel of Fortune game on Facebook. It combined most aspects of the TV game show and allowed players to become contestants competing for virtual currency, called "Wheel Bucks," by playing a "Main Round" puzzle on their own and a "Bonus Round" puzzle allowing them to collaborate with their Facebook friends to increase their winnings. The game was later moved to GSN's "Games by GSN Casino" with better graphics, faster load times, the ability to amass collections and win trophies, and a full-screen mode, but eventually the game was taken down. The "Games by GSN Casino" has also featured a "Wheel of Fortune Slots" game that abides by the basic rules of slots games but incorporates aspects of the actual show in various ways, such as featuring a bonus game where players can spin the Wheel to increase their earnings. Neither game features Sajak nor White, and both games support only one player.
Since 1996 International Game Technology has consistently released a number of Wheel of Fortune branded online slot games alongside their range of physical games that can be found in land-based casinos. These online slots include Wheel of Fortune, Wheel of Fortune Triple Spin Extreme, Wheel of Fortune on Tour, Wheel of Fortune on the Road, Wheel of Fortune On Air, Wheel of Fortune Ruby Riches, Wheel of Fortune Winning Words Game, Wheel of Fortune Hawaiian Getaway and Wheel of Fortune Exotic Far East.
In the 25 years International Game Technology have been releasing Wheel of Fortune branded slot games the series has paid out a total of $3.3 billion in jackpot winnings, creating 1,100 millionaires with one new millionaire being made every eight days.
A Wheel of Fortune pinball machine was released in the fall of 2007 and was developed by Stern Pinball. It was designed by Kevin O'Connor and Margaret Hudson, and features the voices of Sajak and O'Donnell. Although White does appear with Sajak on the marquee, her voice is never heard in the game.
- "Wheel of Fortune for Atari 2600". IGN. Retrieved December 15, 2013.
- "Wheel of Fortune for Commodore 64". IGN. Archived from the original on May 26, 2013. Retrieved December 15, 2013.
- "Wheel of Fortune for NES". IGN. Archived from the original on June 27, 2012. Retrieved December 15, 2013.
- Weiss, Brett. "Overview – Wheel of Fortune: New Third Edition". allgame. Retrieved May 26, 2010.
- "Wheel of Fortune Family Edition for NES". IGN. Retrieved December 15, 2013.
- "Wheel of Fortune Junior Edition for NES". IGN. Retrieved December 15, 2013.
- "Wheel of Fortune Featuring Vanna White for NES". IGN. Retrieved December 15, 2013.
- "Wheel of Fortune Featuring Vanna White for Genesis". IGN. Retrieved December 15, 2013.
- "Wheel of Fortune Featuring Vanna White for SNES". IGN. Retrieved December 15, 2013.
- "Wheel of Fortune Featuring Vanna White for Game Gear". IGN. Retrieved December 15, 2013.
- Mega review, Future Publishing, issue 3, page 40, December 1992
- "Wheel of Fortune Deluxe Edition". GamePro. No. 60. IDG. July 1994. p. 100.
- "Short ProShots: Shipping in January - Genesis". GamePro. No. 54. IDG. January 1994. p. 218.
- "Wheel of Fortune for Sega CD". IGN. Archived from the original on February 22, 2014. Retrieved December 15, 2013.
- "Finals". Next Generation. No. 5. Imagine Media. May 1995. p. 98.
- "Wheel of Fortune for Saturn". IGN. Archived from the original on May 24, 2013. Retrieved December 15, 2013.
- "Wheel of Fortune for 3DO". IGN. Archived from the original on May 24, 2013. Retrieved December 15, 2013.
- "Press Start". Electronic Gaming Monthly. No. 99. Ziff Davis. October 1997. p. 30.
- "Review Crew: Wheel of Fortune". Electronic Gaming Monthly. No. 102. Ziff Davis. January 1998. p. 155.
- Schneider, Peer (December 5, 1997). "Wheel of Fortune for Nintendo 64". IGN. Retrieved December 15, 2013.
- Bad Hare (November 1997). "Nintendo 64 ProReview: Wheel of Fortune". GamePro. No. 110. IDG. p. 130.
- "Wheel of Fortune for PlayStation". IGN. 16 December 1998. Retrieved December 15, 2013.
- Carle, Chris (December 4, 2000). "Wheel of Fortune 2 for PlayStation". IGN. Retrieved December 15, 2013.
- "Wheel of Fortune 2003 for PlayStation 2". IGN. Archived from the original on July 16, 2012. Retrieved December 15, 2013.
- Roper, Chris (20 March 2009). "Wheel of Fortune for PlayStation 3". IGN. Retrieved December 15, 2013.
- "Wheel of Fortune for Wii". IGN. Retrieved December 15, 2013.
- "Wheel of Fortune for PlayStation 3 (2012)". IGN. Retrieved December 15, 2013.
- "Wheel of Fortune for Wii U". IGN. Retrieved December 15, 2013.
- "Wheel of Fortune for Xbox 360". IGN. Retrieved December 15, 2013.
- Varanini, Giancarlo (November 7, 2017). "Jeopardy! and Wheel of Fortune Now Available". Ubiblog. Retrieved July 9, 2019.
- "Wheel of Fortune for Game Boy". IGN. Archived from the original on May 24, 2013. Retrieved December 15, 2013.
- Weiss, Brett. "Review - Wheel of Fortune for G.com". allgame. Retrieved May 26, 2010.
- "Wheel of Fortune for Game Boy Color". IGN. Archived from the original on February 22, 2014. Retrieved December 15, 2013.
- "Wheel of Fortune for Prizes". IGN. May 3, 2005. Retrieved December 15, 2013.
- Buchanan, Levi (July 20, 2006). "Wheel of Fortune 2007". IGN. Retrieved December 15, 2013.
- "Wheel of Fortune Wireless". IGN. Archived from the original on February 22, 2014. Retrieved December 15, 2013.
- "Wheel of Fortune (2010)". IGN. Archived from the original on February 22, 2014. Retrieved December 15, 2013.
- Thomas, Lucas M.; Davis, Justin (December 13, 2012). "App Store Update: December 13". IGN. Retrieved December 15, 2013.
- "Wheel of Fortune". MobyGames. Retrieved 2010-08-12.
- "Wheel of Fortune PC". IGN. December 1, 1998. Retrieved December 15, 2013.
- "Wheel of Fortune for Macintosh". IGN. Archived from the original on November 26, 2012. Retrieved December 15, 2013.
- "Wheel of Fortune 2 Preview". IGN. May 12, 2000. Retrieved December 15, 2013.
- "Wheel of Fortune 2003 PC". IGN. Retrieved December 15, 2013.
- "Wheel of Fortune Deluxe". IGN. Retrieved December 15, 2013.
- "Wheel of Fortune Super Deluxe". IGN. Retrieved December 15, 2013.
- "GSN Digital and Sony Pictures Consumer Products Inc. Partner to Create Wheel of Fortune Game for Facebook". Sony Pictures Digital. September 8, 2010. Retrieved November 2, 2010.
- "IGT celebrates 25 years of Wheel of Fortune slots". nowagering.com. Retrieved 2021-06-04.
- "Wheel of Fortune Pinball Machines from Stern Pinball Inc". Retrieved 2010-08-12.