Wheeling Island is the most populated island in the Ohio River. It lies within the city of Wheeling in Ohio County, West Virginia, in the United States. The 2000 census showed a resident population of 3,142 people on the island, which has a land area of 1.514 km² (374 acres). Neville Island, PA is larger (3.4 km²) but has fewer people (1,232).
Wheeling Island lies at the mouths of Wheeling Creek of Ohio and Wheeling Creek of West Virginia. The island is home to the Wheeling Island Racetrack and Gaming Center at Wheeling Downs and Wheeling Island Stadium, home of the West Virginia State Football Championships.
Wheeling Island has a number of historic homes featuring Victorian Architecture. An elementary school, churches, and several restaurants are located on the island.
Two additional bridges cross the back channel of the Ohio River to connect the island to Bridgeport, one for Interstate 70, and a second for US 250 and US 40. The Aetnaville Bridge also crosses the back channel of the Ohio River, but was closed to vehicle traffic in 1988 and to the public in 2016 due to safety concerns.
Originally known by various names including Zanes Island and Madison Island, the Board on Geographic Names decided upon Wheeling Island as the bar's official name in 1902. Local residents refer to it as simply "The Island."
- Hay, Jerry M. (2008). Ohio River Guidebook. Inland Waterways Books. p. 22. Retrieved 22 November 2013.
- U.S. Census Bureau: Census Tracts 5 and 6, Ohio County, West Virginia