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Wheels on Meals

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Wheels on Meals
Wheels-on-meals.jpg
Traditional快餐車
Simplified快餐车
MandarinKuàicān Chē
CantoneseFaai3 Caan1 Ce1
Directed bySamo Hung
Produced byRaymond Chow
Written byEdward Tang
Johnny Lee
StarringJackie Chan
Sammo Hung
Yuen Biao
Lola Forner
Benny Urquidez
Pepe Sancho
Herb Edelman
Keith Vitali
Cheung Chung
Music byChris Barbida
Tang Siu-lam
CinematographyArthur Wong
Cheung Yiu-tso
Francisco Riba
Edited byPeter Cheung Yiu-chung
Distributed byGolden Harvest
Release date
  • 17 August 1984 (1984-08-17)
Running time
104 minutes
CountryHong Kong
LanguageCantonese
Box officeUS$13 million (est.)

Wheels on Meals (traditional Chinese: 快餐車; simplified Chinese: 快餐车) is a 1984 Hong Kong martial arts action-comedy film, written and directed by Sammo Hung, with action directed by Jackie Chan. The film stars Jackie Chan, Sammo Hung, Yuen Biao, Lola Forner, Benny Urquidez and José Sancho. The film was shot in Barcelona, Spain.

The film was a box office success in East Asia. In Japan, the film was released as Spartan X. Jackie Chan with his stunt team were nominated for Best Action Choreography, for both Wheels on Meals and Project A, at the 4th Hong Kong Film Awards, winning the award for Project A.

Wheels on Meals spawned the Spartan X franchise. In 1984, it was adapted into the early beat 'em up video game Spartan X (released as Kung-Fu Master internationally). There was also a sequel video game, Spartan X 2, and a Spartan X comic book series. The Spartan X franchise grossed an estimated total revenue of approximately US$134 million worldwide.

Plot

Thomas and David are cousins who run a fast food van in Barcelona. The food is delivered by Thomas, who rushes around the square on a skateboard. After fending off a biker gang they continue business as normal.

They pay a visit to David's father, who is in a mental institution, and bump into Sylvia, the daughter of David's father's girlfriend. Thomas encourages his cousin to try to ask her out on a date, but David chickens out of this, making the excuse she would have said no anyway.

Later that night, while at the van serving food, Thomas inadvertently bumps into Sylvia, who is pretending to be a prostitute. She is actually a pickpocket, and she robs a man in a bedroom and runs away to their fast food van.

Both Thomas and David are enamored by her, but after allowing her to stay in their apartment that night, they wake to find Sylvia and their money gone. The next day, they bump into Moby, a bumbling private investigator who is also tracking Sylvia. They later discover that Sylvia is the heir to a sizable inheritance that a criminal gang is trying to steal from her. When she is kidnapped, Thomas, David and Moby team up to save her, infiltrating the villains' castle and defeating them in a martial arts battle. The final scene of the film shows David, Thomas and Sylvia reunited. Sylvia asks for a summer job, and Moby asks David and Thomas if they wish to work as private detectives with him, which they refuse.

Cast

Production

Title

The film's title was supposed to be Meals on Wheels. Superstitious Golden Harvest executives however demanded the title change because their two previous films with titles that began with the letter 'M' – Megaforce and Menage A Trois – were both box office flops.[1][2]

Casting

The three action star brothers, Yuen, Chan and Hung, are long time best friends and had been Peking Opera School colleagues in their youth.[3] The release of Wheels on Meals came in the midst of their most prolific period working together as a trio. The three men had acted together on Chan's Project A and the first of Hung's original Lucky Stars trilogy, Winners and Sinners in 1983.[4][5] Wheels on Meals was released in 1984, and a year later they were reunited twice more for the Lucky Stars semi-sequels My Lucky Stars and Twinkle, Twinkle Lucky Stars. This was something of a golden period for Hong Kong cinema-goers, as three of the nation's most beloved action stars performed together on screen.

The film also features cameo appearances from fellow Lucky Stars Richard Ng and John Shum as mental patients in the hospital attended by the father of Yuen's character.

Wheels on Meals was the first of two films which paired star Jackie Chan against former professional kickboxing champion Benny Urquidez (the other being the 1988 film Dragons Forever). Their fight in this film is typically regarded as one of the greatest on-screen martial arts fights ever performed. At one point in the final battle between the pair, a spin-kick performed by Urquidez is so quick that the resulting airflow extinguishes a row of candles. This is shown onscreen, with no cuts or trick photography.

Co-star Lola Forner appeared in another Jackie Chan film, Armour of God (1987).

Filming

Audio commentator Bey Logan explains why Sammo Hung decided to shoot the film outside of Hong Kong. By the time it was made in 1984, shooting in Hong Kong had become practically impossible – firstly, because the action stars had become so famous that they could not walk through the streets with impunity, and secondly due to the mounting difficulties in obtaining a permit from the government in order to film in Hong Kong. Bruce Lee had paved the way for Hong Kong filmmakers shooting abroad with the 1972 film Way of the Dragon, whose location filming was done in Italy, whereas the interiors had been shot at Golden Harvest studio.

When Hung took his cast and crew to Barcelona, he wanted to strongly establish the locations in Barcelona as real, and to avoid shooting interiors at Golden Harvest. In comparison to Hong Kong, the Spanish authorities were very cooperative in allowing the use of locations for filming, even for car chases and fight scenes.[6]

Awards and nominations

Box office

During its Hong Kong theatrical run, Wheels on Meals grossed HK$21,465,013[7] (US$2,745,589),[8] becoming the fifth highest-grossing film of the year in Hong Kong.[9] In Taiwan, where it ran during September–October 1984, it became the third highest-grossing film of the year, earning NT$23,455,346[10] (US$601,075).[11]

In Japan, where it released as Spartan X, it grossed ¥2.02 billion[12] (US$8.5 million),[13] becoming the sixth highest-grossing foreign film of 1985.[14] In South Korea, it was the second highest-grossing film of 1985, with 307,751 box admissions in Seoul,[15] equivalent to an estimated 1,077,128,500[16] (US$1,238,050).[17] Combined, the film's total estimated box office gross in East Asia was approximately US$13,084,714 million, equivalent to US$32 million adjusted for inflation.

Home release

On 30 January 2006, DVD was released in a two disc platinum edition at Hong Kong Legends in UK in Region 2.

Unlike the majority of Chan's later films, the standard DVD release of Wheels on Meals does not contain the usual outtakes over the final credits. However, a VHS release of the film did exist in the mid-1980s under the title Spartan X, which has the outtakes intact.

Spartan X franchise

Video games

The arcade video game, Spartan X (the film's Japanese title), was developed by Irem in 1984. Originally inspired by the Bruce Lee film Game of Death (1972) during development, the final game was released as a tie-in in for Wheels on Meals in Japan. It was re-titled Kung-Fu Master for worldwide release without using the film's license. The arcade game laid the foundations for the beat 'em up genre of action video games,[18][19] and inspired the 1988 French film Kung Fu Master.

The game was ported to the Famicom/NES console in 1985 as Spartan X in Japan,[20] and released as Kung Fu in Western markets. The Famicom/NES version sold 3.5 million cartridges worldwide,[21] including 1.42 million in Japan[22] and 2.08 million overseas. At a retail price of ¥5,292,[20] the game grossed an estimated ¥7.515 billion (US$69 million) in Japan. Internationally, at a retail price of US$24.99,[23] the game grossed an estimated US$52 million overseas, bringing the game's estimated worldwide retail sales revenue to approximately US$121 million.

The game had two sequels. Vigilante was released for arcades in 1988. Spartan X 2 was released in Japan for the Famicom console in 1991.

An image of Thomas, Chan's character in the film, was used in the title screen and cutscene of the 1995 unlicensed Super Famicom game Hong Kong 97 as the game's character, Chin, a fictional relative to Bruce Lee.

Comic books

Between 1997 and 1998, a series of Spartan X comic books were published. Three issues of Jackie Chan's Spartan X: The Armour of Heaven were published in 1997,[24] and four issues of Jackie Chan's Spartan X: Hell Bent Hero For Hire were published in 1998.[25]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Trivia for Kuai can che (1984)". IMDb film listing. IMDb. Retrieved 27 November 2008.
  2. ^ "Wheels on Meals". AMG film listing. All Movie. Retrieved 27 November 2008.
  3. ^ "Seven Little Fortunes". Feature article. LoveAsianFilm. Retrieved 27 November 2008.
  4. ^ "Sammo Hung Profile". Kung Fu Cinema. Archived from the original on 29 May 2007. Retrieved 7 June 2007.
  5. ^ "Yuen Biao Profile". Kung Fu Cinema. Archived from the original on 15 April 2007. Retrieved 7 June 2007.
  6. ^ Wheels on Meals, Audio commentary Bey Logan Disc 1, Sammo Hung interview Disc 2 (DVD featurette) (DVD). Hong Kong Legends, UK. 2001.
  7. ^ "Wheels on Meals (1984)". Hong Kong Movie DataBase. Retrieved 7 December 2018.
  8. ^ "Official exchange rate (LCU per US$, period average) - Hong Kong". World Bank. 1984. Retrieved 22 June 2020.
  9. ^ "【ジャッキーチェン興行成績】 第8回:香港での興行収入" [[Jackie Chan Box Office Results] 8th: Box Office Revenue in Hong Kong]. KungFu Tube (in Japanese). 16 August 2010. Retrieved 22 June 2020.
  10. ^ "1984 Taiwan Box Office". National Chengchi University (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 19 February 2001. Retrieved 30 November 2018.
  11. ^ "Historical currency converter with official exchange rates (TWD)". fxtop.com. 31 October 1984. Retrieved 22 June 2020.
  12. ^ "【ジャッキーチェン興行成績】 第12回:日本での興行収入" [[Jackie Chan Box Office Results] 12th: Box Office in Japan]. KungFu Tube (in Japanese). 2012. Retrieved 7 December 2018.
  13. ^ "Official exchange rate (LCU per US$, period average) - Japan". World Bank. 1984. Retrieved 22 June 2020.
  14. ^ "1985年(1月~12月)". Eiren. Motion Picture Producers Association of Japan. Retrieved 20 November 2018.
  15. ^ "【ジャッキーチェン興行成績】 第10回:韓国での興行収入" [[Jackie Chan Box Office Results] 10th: Box Office in Korea]. KungFu Tube (in Japanese). 5 September 2010. Retrieved 7 December 2018.
  16. ^ Park, Seung Hyun (2000). A Cultural Interpretation of Korean Cinema, 1988-1997. Indiana University. p. 119. Average Ticket Prices in Korea, 1974-1997 [...] * Source: Korea Cinema Yearbook (1997-1998) * Currency: won [...] Foreign [...] 1985 [...] 3,500
  17. ^ "Official exchange rate (LCU per US$, period average) - Korea, Rep". World Bank. 1985. Retrieved 7 December 2018.
  18. ^ Spencer, Spanner (6 February 2008). "The Tao of Beat-'em-ups". Eurogamer. p. 2. Retrieved 20 July 2020.
  19. ^ Stuart, Keith (9 April 2014). "Bruce Lee, UFC and why the martial arts star is a video game hero". The Guardian. Retrieved 20 July 2020.
  20. ^ a b "スパルタンX [ファミコン]". Famitsu. Retrieved 20 November 2018.
  21. ^ CESA Games White Papers. Computer Entertainment Supplier's Association.
  22. ^ "Japan Platinum Chart Games". The Magic Box. Archived from the original on 1 January 2008. Retrieved 20 November 2018.
  23. ^ 1986 Sears Wish Book. Sears. 1986. p. 523.
  24. ^ "Jackie Chan's Spartan X: The Armour of Heaven (Volume)". Comic Vine. Retrieved 7 December 2018.
  25. ^ "Jackie Chan's Spartan X: Hell Bent Hero For Hire (Volume)". Comic Vine. Retrieved 7 December 2018.

External links