When Your Heart Stops Beating
|When Your Heart Stops Beating|
|Studio album by +44|
|Released||November 13, 2006|
|Recorded||April 2005–June 2006
(Los Angeles, California)
Henson Studios, Ameraycan Recordings
|Producer||Mark Hoppus, Travis Barker, Jerry Finn|
|Singles from When Your Heart Stops Beating|
When Your Heart Stops Beating is the only studio album by the American pop punk band +44. Produced by Mark Hoppus and Travis Barker and co-produced by Jerry Finn, the album was released November 13, 2006 through Interscope Records. Hoppus and Barker, previously the bassist/vocalist and drummer of Blink-182, first created +44 as an experimental electronic outfit following the aforementioned band's dissolution. The project first evolved in the spring of 2005, and the rest of the band—lead guitarist Shane Gallagher and rhythm guitarist Craig Fairbaugh—came together later in the recording process.
Recording began for When Your Heart Stops Beating in earnest shortly after the band's co-founders purchased a Los Angeles-based studio, Opra Music. The electronic demos evolved into more rock-based full-band compositions over the course of the recording process in 2006. Jerry Finn, who had previously worked with Hoppus and Barker extensively with Blink-182, came in the studio late in production to oversee completion. The record's lyric content has been described as dark, and revolves primarily around the demise of Blink-182. Musically, the album is upbeat and is inspired by bands such as The Postal Service and The Cure.
Although anticipated by music press, When Your Heart Stops Beating undersold commercial expectations and received mixed reviews from professional critics. The album's title track, "When Your Heart Stops Beating", was released as lead single and peaked at number 14 on Billboard's Modern Rock Tracks chart. +44 embarked on a worldwide touring schedule to support the album and played the 2007 Honda Civic Tour alongside headliner Fall Out Boy. With the 2009 reunion of Blink-182, When Your Heart Stops Beating stands as +44's only studio release to date.
- 1 Background
- 2 Recording and production
- 3 Composition
- 4 Promotion
- 5 Reception
- 6 Touring
- 7 Track listing
- 8 Personnel
- 9 Charts and certifications
- 10 Notes
- 11 External links
By 2004, Blink-182, consisting of bassist Mark Hoppus, guitarist Tom DeLonge, and drummer Travis Barker, had achieved significant commercial success in the mainstream. The band had taken a brief break in late 2001 when DeLonge suffered a herniated disc in his back, during which time he collected several darker musical ideas he felt unsuitable for Blink-182, compiling them into a record, Box Car Racer. The album, recorded with the help of Hazen Street guitarist and longtime friend David Kennedy, was intended as a one-time experimental project but evolved into a full-fledged band upon Barker's involvement. The side project would cause great division between DeLonge and Hoppus, who felt "betrayed." Blink-182 regrouped in 2003 to record and release their eponymous fifth studio album, which, not unlike Box Car Racer, reflected what critics believed to be a darker, more experimentalist tone.
The trio embarked on a European tour the following autumn. DeLonge became uncomfortable with the hefty touring schedule, during which he was unable to see his family. He eventually expressed his desire to take a half-year respite from touring in order to spend more time with family. Hoppus and Barker protested his decision, which they felt was an overly long break. DeLonge did not blame his bandmates for being disappointed with his requests, but was dismayed that they could not seemingly understand. In addition, DeLonge protested the idea of Barker's reality television series, Meet the Barkers, which was being produced for a 2005 premiere. DeLonge disliked television cameras everywhere, feeling his personal privacy was invaded. Following the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake, DeLonge agreed to perform at Music for Relief's Concert for South Asia, a benefit show to aid victims. Further arguments ensued during rehearsals, rooted in the band member's increasing paranoia and bitterness toward one another. He considered his bandmates priorities "mad, mad different", and the breakdown in communication led to heated exchanges, resulting in his exit from the group. Geffen announced on February 22, 2005 that Blink-182 would be going on an "indefinite hiatus." Label president Jordan Schur reportedly advised Barker to downplay events in the press.
Hoppus and Barker began developing new songs with near immediacy following the band's implosion, recording in Barker's basement and Hoppus' dining room. The two musicians experimented with electronic drums, samples, keyboards and direct computer recordings during this period. These recordings were ambient and quiet by necessity. "We were recording and we didn't want the cops showing up at our house at 2 a.m. because we recording drums," remembered Hoppus. While away on a trip in April 2005, Hoppus participated in an interview with MTV News in which he revealed the band's existence, saying "Right now, Travis and I are using the time off to start this project called Plus-44 […] It's very exciting, like a breath of fresh air." When the two regrouped, they decided to stop giving interviews about the new project. "It was strange to be talking about music that we were just in the very first steps of writing," recalled Hoppus. "It didn’t feel right to talk about yet." The band's name is a reference to the country code needed when placing a phone call to the United Kingdom, where Hoppus and Barker first discussed making music alone. "When we first started talking about ever doing anything outside of Blink was on the last European tour where Tom was telling us that he needed to take a year off from the band. […] We never did anything about it until Tom quit the band, but that's where it first started," said Hoppus.
Recording and production
The addition of other members to +44 came gradually. In April 2005, Barker invited his friend Carol Heller to provide vocals on a track. Formerly of the all-girl punk quartet Get the Girl, Heller shared vocals with Hoppus on most of the band's early demos. Meanwhile, Hoppus invited friend Shane Gallagher to play guitar on a few tracks the band began working on, and he soon joined the group. Production on the record moved along swiftly once the duo purchased their own North Hollywood studio, which they dubbed Opra Music. The space — which featured two recording rooms, a lounge and a small outdoor courtyard — was purchased in October 2005 from former Poison guitarist Richie Kotzen. After moving all band gear into the new recording center, the entire direction for the band changed course significantly, opting for a more rock-based sound. Hoppus and Barker had believed the electronic elements would always be a startup method and nothing more; Hoppus told label executives near the beginning of the project that "We’re just using these tools at the beginning to start off this thing." Heller became uneasy with the new direction and, with a desire to start a family, parted ways with the band by the end of the year. Shortly afterward, friend Craig Fairbaugh came in to observe and listen and play to songs; he was later asked to become the fourth member of the group.
In February 2006, the band began recording "in earnest" for the record. The band considered many producers for the album, among those Danger Mouse. Eventually, the record was produced by Hoppus and Barker, with longtime associate and friend Jerry Finn in the role of executive producer. Finn came in late into production to oversee completion, but eventually contributed heavily to the album's writing. Producer Dan "The Automator" Nakamura was called in to "tinker" with a track. Upon completion, the record's tentative title was Little Death. By August, the band decided on naming the album When Your Heart Stops Beating. "We always thought of the phrase 'when your heart stops beating' as capturing the good and the bad in the world in everything," said Hoppus of the title. "When you fall in love with a lady and your heart skips a beat or something great happens. And also, obviously, when your heart stops beating, the end of things."
There were several songs that did not make the final cut, including an uplifting "indie country" track that was among the last to be developed. The album artwork and photography were created by Estavan Oriol. The artwork of the jewel case pictures the words "When Your Heart Stops Beating" in black with the letters "ART" of "heart" standing out in blue.
This sample of "Baby Come On" showcases both the band's electronic influences and soft verse/loud chorus dynamic.
|Problems playing this file? See media help.|
The tone of the album has been described as "consistently upbeat," showcasing a variety of influences. The music of the album is influenced by artists such as The Postal Service, Missing Persons, and The Cure. The album experiments with unusual song structure and temperaments, and the first six tracks of the album alternate between uptempo rock songs and ballads. Many songs feature a dynamic utilizing soft verses and louder choruses. According to Allmusic, +44's original electronic influence is evident in the music, although it has "ultimately [taken] a backseat to guitar-driven rock".
"The whole album is about everything that's happened, including Blink, and the ugly feelings that were left over afterwards," Hoppus said of the album's lyrical content. "Lyrically, it's some of the most positive stuff I've ever written, but it's also some of the darkest shit, too." The album is composed of both dark and introspective songs, but also upbeat and "positive" tracks. Hoppus also described the music as "the most lyrically personal music I've ever written." For Barker, the writing of the record's lyrics was inspired by the "roller coaster" of new opportunities while starting a new band, such as writing a new song or playing a first show. The feeling is echoed throughout When Your Heart Stops Beating, and Barker described the feeling of the album as being transported to different place. "To me, it brings up feelings of, like, driving too fast or skateboarding down the street in the middle of the night," Barker commented.
The record opens with "Lycanthrope", which was intended to introduce the band but leave the listener guessing. "Baby Come On" was written halfway through the recording process and serves as an assessment of "what the band is about." It contains electronic drums and synthesizers that thicken a slow build throughout the track. The title track, "When Your Heart Stops Beating", features "snotty, mid-range British-sounding Telecasters" and was inspired by the story of Sid Vicious and Nancy Spungen — "you love your lady and outside of that, fuck everything else," according to Hoppus. "Little Death" is a moody, lo-fi song that went through numerous changes throughout the recording, beginning in Barker's basement. It was intended as an allegory to what Hoppus and Barker dealt with after the breakup of Blink-182. Hoppus felt both "hopeful and defeated" while writing the song, and intended to make it an appreciation of life after hard events. In addition, he was inspired by the various methods of communication in the 21st century, and how they can often result in too much or too little conversation, especially among loved ones.
"155" is a heavily layered synth-driven track that contains handclaps and "Cure-esque guitars." The handclaps were Barker's idea, who noticed its prevalence in hip-hop songs and wanted to incorporate into a rock song. "Lillian" features programmed drums and acoustic guitars, and was inspired by Hoppus' residence in San Diego, before the move to Los Angeles. "I lived in a part of San Diego that's one of the most beautiful places in the country, but it's also one of the most evil sickening places," said Hoppus. "People are just ugly to one another." The title was inspired by a woman who started a strict homeowners association in the city. "Cliff Diving" was inspired by Hoppus' teenage summers growing up, where he would embark upon his friend's house and dive into the pool from the rooftop. The track is therefore about "embracing the unknown," further incorporating influence from the breakup of Blink-182 and the beginnings of +44. "Interlude" is most representative of the earliest work Hoppus and Barker put together. It was placed as a musical break to separate the upbeat pop punk track "Cliff Diving" and the record's "darkest" song, "Weatherman". That track is another early composition that was written directly following the breakup of Blink-182. "I was driving to Travis' house and the whole Blink thing had just gone down […] We had been talking about making a really dark, dirty song." The song was launched from the line "Just let me slip away, I'm barely holding on," and the music was intended to reflect that theme.
The song most directly inspired by the end of Blink-182 is "No, It Isn't", which was also inspired by feelings of betrayal afterward. "[The song] is about coming out a year later and telling the truth," Barker said. "For a year, people were saying that what Tom did was valid or called for. It eats at you. So maybe you have to talk about it, and maybe you have to write a song about it." The Postal Service influence is noticeable in "Make You Smile", which makes frequent use of boy-girl exchange and lament. The song was initially dubbed "Puppy Killing Machine" — a name created by Heller that Hoppus deemed "so ridiculous" in relation to its upbeat, poppy nature. The anthemic "Chapter 13" closes the record and was inspired from chapter 13 of Dante's Inferno, which revolves around suicide. "I had this image in my head of a guy seeing a woman across a crowded room and in that instant, he knows exactly what's going to happen: He falls in love with her, goes crazy, and kills himself in a hotel room," said Hoppus. "That's a good way to end the album, huh?"
The release date for When Your Heart Stops Beating was heavily anticipated and publicized by the music press. As early as August 2005, Internet rumors began to circulate that the album would be released in January 2006 although the band's management denied the claims. Thanks to the duo's lack of press interviews, misinformation spread via the Internet in the months prior to the record's release, including fake songs purporting to be leaked tracks. "It's kind of flattering that some kids would go out there and post songs under our name," Barker added. "I mean, at least it means that people are excited to hear our stuff." "No It Isn't" leaked in December 2005 and caused speculation as it addressed the break-up of Blink-182 head-on.
Hoppus did not give any formal interviews before shortly prior to the release of the album, instead spending time updating his blog, producing tracks for Motion City Soundtrack, and working on the album in relative secrecy. "During that time, their former bandmate, Tom DeLonge, did the opposite, peppering blogs and magazines with quotes hyping his new band and putting the blame for the Blink situation squarely on their shoulders," reported James Montgomery of MTV News. While it "pained" them to do so, Hoppus and Barker refrained from speaking to media, instead focusing on the recording process. "We just bit our tongues and didn't say anything, and now that the record is done, we get the chance to tell the truth about everything," Hoppus said. "We were silent for a year, and we couldn't put into words what we were doing, so we just decided not to say anything and let the music speak for itself," Barker added. "Now it's time for people to hear that music and hear the truth."
When Your Heart Stops Beating debuted at number 10 on the Billboard 200 in the United States on November 22, 2006, moving 66,000 copies in its opening week. It also peaked at number two on the magazine's Top Rock Albums chart, and at number eight on the Canadian Albums Chart. It debuted at number 22 on the ARIA Albums Chart in Australia, representing its highest peak internationally. It peaked at position 30 on the Offizielle Top 100 in Germany, number 36 in Austria's Ö3 Austria Top 40 Longplay chart, and at number 50 on the UK Albums Chart.
As of September 2011, the album has sold over 274,000 copies in the US.
|The New York Times||(favorable) |
|The Washington Post||(favorable) |
The album received mixed to positive reviews from music critics. At Metacritic, which assigns a normalized rating out of 100 to reviews from mainstream critics, the album received an average score of 60, based on 11 reviews, which indicates "mixed or average reviews". AbsolutePunk's Drew Beringer deemed the album "a very diverse and potent debut album", and suggesting it as "one of the most honest records of 2006". The Washington Post described +44 as being in the same spirit as Blink-182 ("adorable, cuddly pop punk") and The Gauntlet called the record the best post-Blink project. Jenny Eliscu of Rolling Stone criticized the album's lack of electronic content, and dismissed much of its content as derivative of Blink-182. Trevor Baker of Rock Sound deemed the album "by far the most personal, vitriolic, and self-indulgent thing that Mark and Travis have ever done. In a good way and in a bad way."
Pat Revyr of Deseret News named When Your Heart Stops Beating superior to former bandmate Tom DeLonge's new project, Angels & Airwaves' We Don't Need to Whisper, and Kelefa Sanneh of The New York Times described it as "zippier and catchier" than Whisper. Both Rolling Stone and The New York Times opined that both groups, however, paled in comparison to Blink-182. In contrast to The Daily Princetonian citing +44 for "lacking originality", The Avion Newspaper declared the band as "undoubtedly original [...] and sure to please with every track". Channing Freeman of Sputnikmusic called the album "standard pop punk music", stating it was not a large departure from Blink-182. NME wrote that "There are more ideas here than Blink-182 had in an entire career [...] It's just that they're the same ideas that Jimmy Eat World had on their last LP." Q was particularly underwhelmed by the record, criticizing Hoppus's vocals: "Hoppus, whose flat vocals once dovetailed deftly with [Tom] DeLonge's nasal whine, is sorely exposed as a sole frontman."
+44's first show took place at the Roxy Theatre in Hollywood on September 7, 2006 with a second appearance following at the London Astoria. The band embarked on a promotional tour of the United Kingdom shortly thereafter. Barker broke a bone in his arm during the band's music video shoot but managed to complete the performances, altering his kit set-up to accommodate. "He is now using his left foot as his right arm, Def Leppard style," confirmed Hoppus. Doctors advised Barker to rest and not take part in the band's upcoming live dates, including early 2007 jaunts to Australia and Europe. Barker nevertheless took part, but following a performance in Amsterdam, the band invited Gil Sharone, then of The Dillinger Escape Plan, to fill-in for him.
The tour continued in Australia and Japan, where the band busied themselves with press junkets and appearances. Crowds were, according to journalist Joe Shooman, mainly Blink-182 fans. Hoppus enjoyed the return to smaller clubs, having spent the prior years touring arenas with Blink-182. The band spent April to June 2007 on the Honda Civic Tour of the US and Canada alongside Fall Out Boy, The Academy Is… and Paul Wall. The band began including Blink songs—"What's My Age Again?" and "The Rock Show"—into setlists, despite the band's stance against doing so months before. "Travis and I love our history with Blink-182, and it seems a shame to let those songs sit dormant forever because of what happened two years ago," said Hoppus on his blog. Hoppus later joined Panic! at the Disco on one date for an acoustic run-through of "What's My Age Again?".
Further August 2007 dates were postponed for unclear reasons; Hoppus stated the band had decided to re-enter the studio in preparation of a second studio album. Blink-182 reunited in February 2009 and Hoppus confirmed in an interview with Alternative Press that +44 was on hiatus: "I don't consider it done. We'll never say never with anything," he remarked. "As soon as you say, 'I'm not gonna do that anymore,' you find yourself in a situation where you wanna do that. Shane [Gallagher] and Craig [Fairbaugh] are awesome guitarists and great fun to play in a band with, so we definitely won't say that the band is done. But obviously, for the foreseeable future, all of our energy is going into Blink-182."
|When Your Heart Stops Beating|
|2.||"Baby Come On"||2:46|
|3.||"When Your Heart Stops Beating"||3:12|
|10.||"No, It Isn't"||3:32|
|11.||"Make You Smile"||3:44|
|International bonus track|
|13.||"Baby Come On" (acoustic)||2:52|
|Japanese and UK bonus tracks|
|13.||"Baby Come On" (acoustic)||2:52|
Charts and certifications
- Browne, Nichola (November 20, 2005). "Punk Rock! Nudity! Filthy Sex! Tom DeLonge Looks Back On Blink-182's Greatest Moments". Kerrang!. No. 1083. London: Bauer Media Group. ISSN 0262-6624.
- Moss, Corey (2002-04-09). "Box Car Racer about end of the world, not end of Blink-182". MTV (MTV.com). Retrieved 2010-05-15.
- James Montgomery (October 28, 2005). "Tom DeLonge: No More Compromises". MTV News. Archived from the original on September 9, 2012. Retrieved September 9, 2012.
- "Tom DeLonge talks guitar tones, growing up and Blink". Total Guitar. Bath, United Kingdom: Future Publishing. October 12, 2012. ISSN 1355-5049. Retrieved June 7, 2013.
- Sean Richardson (May 23, 2002). "Blink 183: Box Car Racer go for a spin". The Phoenix. Retrieved September 22, 2010.
- Jon Wiederhorn (August 11, 2003). "Blink-182 Tone Down Pranks, Get Down to Real 'Action' on Next LP". MTV News. Retrieved September 22, 2010.
- Alex Mar (February 9, 2006). "Q&A: Blink-182 Man Launches Angels". Rolling Stone. Retrieved February 12, 2013.
- Spence D. (April 8, 2005). "+44 Interview". IGN. Retrieved April 10, 2011.
- Tom Bryant (May 2006). "Jesus Christ Pose". Kerrang!. London: Bauer Media Group. pp. 20–24. ISSN 0262-6624.
- "AVA Article". Kerrang!. London: Bauer Media Group. October 2005. ISSN 0262-6624.
- James Montgomery (July 19, 2011). "Blink-182's 'Indefinite Hiatus' Was 'Really Stupid,' Tom DeLonge Says". MTV News. Retrieved May 28, 2013.
- James Montgomery (February 22, 2005). "Blink-182 Announce 'Indefinite Hiatus' As Breakup Rumors Swirl". MTV News. Retrieved July 15, 2011.
- James Montgomery (September 20, 2006). "Plus-44's Travis Barker Still Has A Lot To Say About Blink Breakup". MTV News. Retrieved April 10, 2011.
- Jason Tate (August 14, 2006). "Interview with Mark Hoppus". AbsolutePunk. Archived from the original on June 20, 2007. Retrieved April 10, 2011.
- Griffin 2006, p. 140.
- James Montgomery (April 8, 2005). "Blink-182's Hoppus, Barker Form Electronic Side Project". MTV News. Retrieved April 10, 2011.
- Baker, Trevor (November 10, 2006). "(+44): The Heart and Soul". Rock Sound. No. 91. Freeway Press Inc. pp. 64–66. ISSN 1465-0185.
- James Montgomery (June 7, 2006). "When It Comes To Publicity, Plus-44's Mark Hoppus Is No Tom DeLonge". MTV News. Retrieved April 10, 2011.
- Brandee J. Tecson (September 14, 2005). "Travis Barker Hopes To Get Danger Mouse On New, 'Way Out There' Plus-44 LP". MTV News. Retrieved April 10, 2011.
- Alternative Press staff (August 29, 2006). "Plus 44 announce album title, release date". Alternative Press. Retrieved April 10, 2011.
- James Montgomery (July 21, 2006). "Mark Hoppus, Travis Barker Break Plus-44 Silence, Talk 'The Real Tom'". MTV News. Retrieved April 10, 2011.
- Shooman 2010, p. 160.
- When Your Heart Stops Beating (liner notes). +44. US: Interscope. 2006. B000J233J4.
- Reimer, Jordan (2006-11-30). "+44 minus originality". The Daily Princetonian. Archived from the original on 2012-04-02. Retrieved 2010-08-05.
- DeVlaming, Kevin (December 7, 2006). "Spun: +44". The Gauntlet. Retrieved August 5, 2010.
- James Montgomery (May 2, 2005). "Travis Barker Calls His Plus-44 Side Project 'Way Out There'". MTV News. Retrieved April 10, 2011.
- Beringer, Drew (2006-11-13). "+44 – When Your Heart Stops Beating – Album review – AbsolutePunk.net". AbsolutePunk. Retrieved 2010-05-18.
- Vergara, Joey (November 14, 2006). "Plus-44 Rises from Blink's end". The Maneater. Retrieved August 5, 2010.
- Apar, Corey. "-allmusic (((When Your Heart Stops Beating > Review)))". All Music Guide. Retrieved 2010-05-18.
- James Montgomery (August 23, 2006). "Plus-44 Address Blink Breakup On LP, Want Fans To 'Hear The Truth'". MTV News. Retrieved April 10, 2011.
- Shooman 2010, p. 161.
- Griffin 2006, p. 138.
- James Montgomery (August 2, 2005). "Travis Barker's Plus-44 LP On Schedule, But Not On The Clock". MTV News. Retrieved April 10, 2011.
- Alternative Press staff (December 13, 2005). "Plus 44 (two-thirds of Blink-182) release first song". Alternative Press. Retrieved April 10, 2011.
- "The Game Wins No. 1 On The Billboard 200". Billboard. November 22, 2006. Retrieved August 14, 2014.
- "+44 – Chart history" Billboard Canadian Albums Chart for +44. Retrieved August 14, 2014.
- "Australiancharts.com – +44 – When Your Heart Stops Beating". Hung Medien. Retrieved August 14, 2014.
- "Longplay-Chartverfolgung at Musicline" (in German). Musicline.de. Phononet GmbH. Retrieved August 14, 2014.
- "Austriancharts.at – +44 – When Your Heart Stops Beating" (in German). Hung Medien. Retrieved August 14, 2014.
- "Plus 44 | Artist | Official Charts". UK Albums Chart Retrieved August 14, 2014.
- Jason Lipshutz (September 16, 2011). "Blink-182: The Billboard Cover Story". Billboard. Retrieved September 17, 2011.
- When Your Heart Stops Beating - Metacritic. Metacritic. Retrieved on 2010-08-05.
- Weiner, Jonah (November 14, 2006). "When Your Heart Stops Beating - Review". Blender.
- Winwood, Ian (November 20, 2005). "Flat Liner". Kerrang!. No. 1135. London: Bauer Media Group. pp. 44–45. ISSN 0262-6624.
- Sanneh, Kelefa (November 16, 2006). "Familiar Faces of Pop-Punk Going it Alone". The New York Times. Retrieved August 5, 2010.
- Jenny Eliscu (November 13, 2006). "Rolling Stone: When Your Heart Stops Beating". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on January 6, 2007. Retrieved December 28, 2011.
- Porter, Christopher (2006-11-15). "Plus-44: Pop, Not Punk, Gets the Royal Treatment". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2010-08-05.
- Reavyr, Pat (2006-12-01). "Plus-44 sounds a bit like Blink". Deseret News. Retrieved 2010-08-05.
- Pugh, Melanie (2006-12-05). "+44 is the new and improved Blink-182". The Avion Newspaper. Retrieved 2010-08-05.
- Freeman, Channing (2006-11-13). "Plus 44– When Your Heart Stops Beating Review - Sputnikmusic". Sputnikmusic. Retrieved 2010-05-18.
- Shooman 2010, p. 163.
- Shooman 2010, p. 158.
- Shooman 2010, p. 166.
- Alternative Press Magazine. "Interview with Mark Hoppus". Archived from the original on 2009-05-18. Retrieved 2009-05-16.
- "Lescharts.com – +44 – When Your Heart Stops Beating". Hung Medien. Retrieved August 14, 2014.
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- "+44 – Chart history" Billboard 200 for +44. Retrieved August 14, 2014.
- "+44 – Chart history" Billboard Top Rock Albums for +44. Retrieved August 14, 2014.