When the Tigers Broke Free
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|"When the Tigers Broke Free"|
|Single by Pink Floyd|
|B-side||"Bring the Boys Back Home"|
|Released||26 July 1982|
|Recorded||November 1981 - March 1982|
|Label||Harvest Records (UK)|
Columbia Records (US)
|Producer(s)||Roger Waters, David Gilmour, James Guthrie and Michael Kamen|
|Pink Floyd singles chronology|
"When the Tigers Broke Free" is a Pink Floyd song by Roger Waters, describing the death of his father, Eric Fletcher Waters, in the Battle of Anzio (codenamed Operation Shingle) during the Italian Campaign of the Second World War.
Writing and recording
The song was originally titled "Anzio, 1944". Its working title was "When The Tigers Break Through" and was written at the same time as The Wall, hence its copyright date of 1979, and was originally intended to be part of that album, but was rejected by the other members of the band on the grounds that it was too personal. It was subsequently recorded and included in the movie version of The Wall and first released as a separate track on a 7" single on 26 July 1982 (running time 3:00), before appearing in The Wall film. The 7" was labelled "Taken from the album The Final Cut" but was not included on that album until the 2004 CD reissue.
The single version is a unique mix and differs from the versions that appear in the film and all subsequent releases. It has a different intro that is shorter than most other versions. The first verse uses a different vocal take that has never appeared on any other release of the track. This recording also features different percussion accents — short snare roll fills throughout the track.
The song sets up the story premise for The Wall movie, set over footage recreating the British contribution to Operation Shingle, the Anzio Campaign, where American and British troops of the U.S. VI Corps landed on the beaches near Anzio, Italy, with the goal of liberating Rome from German control. These forces included Z Company of the 8th Battalion, Royal Fusiliers (City of London Regiment), in which Waters' father Eric served. The battalion was serving alongside the 9th Royal Fusiliers and the 7th Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry, under command of the 167th (London) Infantry Brigade, of the 56th (London) Infantry Division. As Waters tells it, the forward commander had asked to withdraw his forces from a German Tiger tank assault, but the generals refused, and "the generals gave thanks / As the other ranks / Held back the enemy tanks for a while" and "the Anzio bridgehead was held for the price / Of a few hundred ordinary lives" as the Tigers eventually broke through the British defence, killing all of Company Z, including Eric Waters.
In the second verse of the song (which makes up the reprise later in The Wall film), Waters describes how he found a letter of condolence from the British government, described as a note from King George VI in the form of a gold leaf scroll which "His Majesty signed / with his own rubber stamp." Waters' resentment then explodes in the final line "And that's how the High Command took my daddy from me."
The underlying theme of the song is one of the primary catalysts for the character Pink's descent into isolation throughout the story of The Wall, especially in the film version.
On February 18, 2014, precisely 70 years after his father was killed at Anzio, Waters unveiled a memorial to Z Company near to the site of the battle. Another monument had already been erected at the approximate spot where his father fell. After many years of not knowing the details of what happened on that fateful day, Waters was finally able to get some closure after 93-year-old Fusilier and Anzio veteran Harry Schindler uncovered precise details of the time and place of Waters' father's death. Both of them were present at the unveiling of the memorial.
Waters has indicated that his father was originally a conscientious objector during the outbreak of World War II. However, as the Nazi German expansion grew, Waters' father felt compelled to join the armed forces. Waters goes on to say, "So he went back to the conscription board in London and told them he had changed his mind. He was commissioned as a second lieutenant in the Royal Fusiliers, which is how he ended up here 70 years ago. He believed he was involved in a necessary fight against the Nazis, and for that he paid the ultimate price."
The song made its first CD appearance on a promotional disc in conjunction with Roger Waters' 1990 live performance of The Wall at Potsdamer Platz in Berlin. This was the Pink Floyd recording from the original 1982 single, and had a running time of 3 minutes.
It was generally released on CD on Pink Floyd's 2001 compilation album Echoes: The Best of Pink Floyd. With a duration of 3:42, this version is longer than the single release and features an extended intro section. There is less percussion heard in the Echoes mix, but the male choir comes in much earlier than it does in the single version.
The next time the song appeared was on the 2004 re-released, remastered version of The Final Cut, where it was placed between "One of the Few" and "The Hero's Return", this time an edited version of 3:16. This mix is similar to that of the Echoes version, but with a shorter intro.
The first verse is at the opening of the film, where Pink's father is cleaning and loading a revolver while smoking a cigarette and hearing bombs or bombers fly overhead. It then goes into the song "In the Flesh?", showing his fate. The second verse (after "Another Brick in the Wall Part 1") shows Pink finding his father's uniform, the letter of condolence, straight razor, and bullets. He then puts on the uniform, where it cuts between his father doing the same.
In a review for The Final Cut, Patrick Schabe of PopMatters believed the addition of "When the Tigers Broke Free" to The Final Cut enhanced the album, specifically "making it easier to fathom the imagery of "The Hero's Return". Schabe also believed the track "draws a direct line between "One of the Few"'s exhortations to "teach" and a moment captured in history – the story of Waters' father's death."
|UK Singles (Official Charts Company)||39|
- Roger Waters – vocals
- Orchestra conducted and arranged by Michael Kamen
- The Pontarddulais Male Voice Choir led by Noel Davis
- Strong, Martin C. (2004). The Great Rock Discography (7th ed.). Edinburgh: Canongate Books. p. 1177. ISBN 1-84195-551-5.
- Mabbett, Andy (1995). The Complete Guide to the Music of Pink Floyd. London: Omnibus Press. ISBN 0-7119-4301-X.
- Blake, Mark (2008). Comfortably Numb: The Inside Story of Pink Floyd. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Da Capo Press. pp. 13–14, 291. ISBN 978-0-306-81752-6.
- Yawnick, Marty (March 17, 2016). "Spare Brick: When The Tigers Broke Free". The Wall Complete. Retrieved April 24, 2017.
- Edward D. Paule. "A History of the Royal Fusiliers Company =C". Retrieved 26 November 2011. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2452473/Pink-Floyd-star-Roger-Waters-soldier-fathers-final-hours-WW2-revealed-dramatic-dispatches.html. Missing or empty
- "The Wall Analysis". Retrieved 30 May 2012.
- "Commonwealth War Graves Commission: WATERS, ERIC FLETCHER". Retrieved 4 Jan 2015.
- "Roger Waters Unveils Memorial To Late Father in Italy". Retrieved 4 Jan 2015.
- "Roger Waters memorialises his fallen WWII father". Retrieved 4 Jan 2015.
- "Echoes: the album credits". Pink Floyd. Archived from the original on 2 June 2010. Retrieved 20 June 2013.
- Schabe, Patrick (3 August 2004). "Pink Floyd: The Final Cut". PopMatters. Retrieved 27 July 2017.
- "Official Singles Chart Top 100". Official Charts Company.