Whiplash (2014 film)

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Whiplash
Whiplash poster.jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed by Damien Chazelle
Produced by
Written by Damien Chazelle
Starring
Music by Justin Hurwitz
Cinematography Sharone Meir
Edited by Tom Cross
Production
companies
Distributed by Sony Pictures Classics
Release date
  • January 16, 2014 (2014-01-16) (Sundance)
  • October 10, 2014 (2014-10-10) (United States)
Running time
106 minutes[1]
Country United States
Language English
Budget $3.3 million[2]
Box office $49 million[2]

Whiplash is a 2014 American drama film written and directed by Damien Chazelle. It depicts the relationship between an ambitious jazz student (Miles Teller) and an abusive instructor (J. K. Simmons). Paul Reiser and Melissa Benoist co-star.

Whiplash premiered in competition in the US Dramatic Category at the 2014 Sundance Film Festival on January 16, 2014, as the festival's opening film.[3] Sony Pictures Worldwide acquired the international distribution rights.[4] The film opened in limited release domestically in the United States and Canada on October 10, 2014, gradually expanding to over 500 screens and finally closing on March 26, 2015. Over this time the film grossed $49 million, against a production budget of $3.3 million.

The film received widespread critical acclaim, with particular praise for Simmons's performance and Chazelle's screenplay. At the 87th Academy Awards, Whiplash won Best Film Editing, Best Sound Mixing, and Best Supporting Actor for Simmons, and was also nominated for Best Adapted Screenplay and Best Picture.

Plot[edit]

Andrew Neiman is a first-year jazz student at the prestigious Shaffer Conservatory in New York City. He has been playing drums from a young age, and he aspires to become a world-class drummer like Buddy Rich. Famed conductor Terence Fletcher invites him into his Studio Band as the alternate for core drummer Carl Tanner. Fletcher is strict and abusive, mocking and insulting his students. When the band rehearses the Hank Levy piece "Whiplash" and when Andrew struggles to keep the tempo, Fletcher hurls a chair at him, slaps him, and berates him in front of the ensemble.

At a jazz competition, Carl’s folder is misplaced while Andrew is guarding it. Carl cannot play without it, and Andrew tells Fletcher that he can perform "Whiplash" from memory. After a successful performance, Fletcher promotes Andrew to core drummer. Soon after, Fletcher recruits Ryan Connolly, the core drummer from Andrew's former lower-level ensemble within the conservatory. Andrew believes Connolly is a less talented drummer than he, and is infuriated when Fletcher promotes Connolly to core. Determined to impress, Andrew practices until his hands bleed, and he breaks up with his girlfriend Nicole to focus on his musical ambitions. After a grueling five-hour audition with Fletcher and the other drummers in the class, in which Fletcher kicks furniture and screams at him, Andrew earns back the core spot.

On the way to another competition, the bus Andrew is riding breaks down. He rents a car, but he arrives late, then realizes he left his drumsticks at the rental office. He races back to retrieve them, but after doing so his car is broadsided by a semi. He crawls from the wreckage, runs back to the theater, and arrives on stage bloody and injured. When he struggles to play "Caravan", faltering due to his injuries, Fletcher halts the performance and dismisses Andrew. Enraged, Andrew attacks Fletcher in front of the audience, after which he is dismissed from Shaffer Conservatory.

At his father's request, Andrew meets a lawyer representing the parents of Sean Casey, Fletcher's former student. Contrary to Fletcher's claim that Sean had died in a car accident, the lawyer explains that Sean had committed suicide due to depression that started when he was abused and insulted in school by Fletcher. Sean's parents want to see that Fletcher does not teach again. Andrew agrees to testify on the condition of anonymity, and Fletcher is fired.

Months later, Andrew has abandoned drumming and is working in a restaurant. He discovers Fletcher performing as a pianist in a combo at a jazz club. After the performance, Fletcher invites Andrew to have a drink with him. He explains that he pushed his students so that they might become the next Louis Armstrong or Charlie Parker. Andrew accepts Fletcher's invitation to drum with his band at the JVC Jazz Festival. He invites Nicole to the performance, but she has a new relationship.

On stage, just before the performance begins, Fletcher reveals that he knows Andrew testified against him, and starts the concert with a piece Andrew does not know. Andrew leaves the stage humiliated, but he returns, begins playing "Caravan", and cues the band. As the piece ends and the lights go down, Andrew continues his solo. Fletcher is taken aback, but begins to guide Andrew. As the solo ends, they share a smile and Fletcher cues the finale.

Cast[edit]

  • Miles Teller as Andrew Neiman, an ambitious young jazz student at Shaffer who plays the drums
  • J. K. Simmons as Terence Fletcher, a ruthless jazz instructor at Shaffer
  • Paul Reiser as Jim Neiman, Andrew's father, a high school teacher
  • Melissa Benoist as Nicole, a movie theater concessionist, who becomes Andrew's girlfriend
  • Austin Stowell as Ryan Connolly, another drummer in Fletcher's band
  • Nate Lang as Carl Tanner, another drummer in Fletcher's band
  • Chris Mulkey as Uncle Frank, Andrew's uncle
  • Damon Gupton as Mr. Kramer
  • Suanne Spoke as Aunt Emma, Andrew's aunt
  • Jayson Blair as Travis, Andrew's cousin
  • Charlie Ian as Dustin, Andrew's cousin
  • Kofi Siriboe as Greg, bassist (Nassau)
  • Kavita Patil as Sophie, assistant
  • Michael Cohen as Overbrook Stagehand
  • April Grace as Rachel Bornholdt
  • Henry G. Sanders as Red Henderson
  • Max Kasch as dorm neighbour
  • C.J. Vana as Metz
  • Tarik Lowe as pianist, Studio band
  • Jocelyn Ayanna as bus station passer-by
  • Keenan Henson as truck-driver
  • Clifton 'Fou Fou' Eddie as drummer (quartet)
  • Marcus Henderson as JVC bassist
  • Tony Baker as stage hand (Carnegie Hall)

Production[edit]

While attending Princeton High School, writer/director Damien Chazelle was in a "very competitive" jazz band and drew on the experience of "just dread" that he felt in those years.[5] He based the conductor, Terence Fletcher, on his former band instructor (who died in 2003) but "pushed it further", adding in bits of Buddy Rich and other band leaders known for their harsh treatment.[5] Chazelle would later admit to writing the film "initially in frustration", while trying to get his musical film La La Land off the ground.[6]

In order to secure financing for the feature, Right of Way Films and Blumhouse Productions helped Chazelle turn 15 pages of his original screenplay into a short film starring Johnny Simmons as Neiman and J. K. Simmons (no relation to Johnny)[7] as Fletcher.[8] The 18-minute short film received much acclaim after debuting at the 2013 Sundance Film Festival, winning the short film Jury Award for fiction,[9] which ultimately attracted investors to sign on and produce the complete version of the script.[10] The feature-length film was financed for $3.3 million by Bold Films.[4]

In August 2013, Miles Teller signed on to star in the role originated by Johnny Simmons; J. K. Simmons remained attached to his original role.[11] Principal photography began the following month, with filming taking place throughout Los Angeles, including the Hotel Barclay, Palace Theater, and the Orpheum Theatre.[12][13]

Early on, Chazelle gave J. K. Simmons direction that "I want you to take it past what you think the normal limit would be," telling him: "I don't want to see a human being on-screen anymore. I want to see a monster, a gargoyle, an animal." Many of the band members in the movie were real musicians or music students, and Chazelle tried to capture their expressions of fear and anxiety when they were pressed by Simmons. Chazelle noted that in between takes, Simmons was "as sweet as can be," which the director credits for keeping "the shoot from being nightmarish."[5]

The film was shot in 19 days, with a schedule of 14 hours of filming per day.[14][15] Chazelle was involved in a serious car accident in the third week of shooting and was hospitalized with a diagnosis of possible concussion, but he returned to filming the next day to finish the film on time.[14] The film was shot mostly in Los Angeles, with a few exterior shots filmed in New York City to create the setting.[15]

Music[edit]

Whiplash (Original Motion Picture Soundtrack)
Soundtrack album by Various artists
Released October 7, 2014
Genre Jazz
Length 54:43
Label Varèse Sarabande

The soundtrack album was released on October 7, 2014, via Varèse Sarabande label.[16] The soundtrack consists of 24 tracks divided in three different parts: original jazz pieces written for the film, original underscore parts written for the film, and classic jazz standards written by Stan Getz, Duke Ellington, and other musicians.

Track listing[edit]

  1. Snare Liftoff (I Want to Be One of the Greats) (0:43)
  2. Overture – Justin Hurwitz (3:19)
  3. "Too Hip to Retire" – Tim Simonec (3:03)
  4. "Whiplash" – Hank Levy (1:55)
  5. "Fletcher’s Song in Club" – Justin Hurwitz (1:28)
  6. "Caravan" – Duke Ellington and Juan Tizol (9:14)
  7. "What's Your Name" (If You Want the Part, Earn It) (1:30)
  8. "Practicing" – Justin Hurwitz (1:43)
  9. "Invited" – Justin Hurwitz (0:54)
  10. "Call From Dad" – Justin Hurwitz (0:40)
  11. "Accident" – Justin Hurwitz (5:21)
  12. "Hug from Dad" – Justin Hurwitz (1:19)
  13. "Drum & Drone" – Justin Hurwitz (1:34)
  14. "Carnegie" – Justin Hurwitz (:36)
  15. "Ryan / Breakup" – Justin Hurwitz (:31)
  16. "Drum Battle" – Justin Hurwitz (2:21)
  17. "Dismissed" – Justin Hurwitz (2:51)
  18. "Good Job" (He Was a Beautiful Player) (1:28)
  19. "Intoit" – Stan Getz (3:19)
  20. "No Two Words" – Nicholas Britell et Justin Hurwitz (1:41)
  21. "When I Wake" – Justin Hurwitz (3:50)
  22. "Casey's Song" – Justin Hurwitz (1:57)
  23. "Upswingin'" – Tim Simonec (2:12)
  24. "Rehearsal Medley" – First Nassau Band Rehearsal / Second Nassau Band Rehearsal / Studio Band Eavesdrop / Studio Band Rehearsal After Breakup (1:34)

Reception[edit]

Box office[edit]

Whiplash grossed $13.1 million in the U.S. and Canada and $35.9 million in other territories, for a worldwide total of $49 million against a budget of $3.3 million.[2]

In North America, the film opened in a limited release on October 10, 2014, in six theaters, grossing $135,388 ($22,565 per theater) and finishing 34th at the box office.[2]

Critical response[edit]

Whiplash received critical acclaim, with Simmons' performance receiving universal praise. The film has a score of 94% on review aggregation website Rotten Tomatoes, based on 275 reviews, with a rating average of 8.6/10. The site's critics consensus states, "Intense, inspiring, and well-acted, Whiplash is a brilliant sophomore effort from director Damien Chazelle and a riveting vehicle for stars J. K. Simmons and Miles Teller."[17] On Metacritic the film has a score of 88 out of 100, based on reviews from 49 critics.[18]

Simmons received wide praise for his performance and won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor.[19][20] Peter Debruge, in his review for Variety, said that the film "demolishes the cliches of the musical-prodigy genre, investing the traditionally polite stages and rehearsal studios of a topnotch conservatory with all the psychological intensity of a battlefield or sports arena."[21] Todd McCarthy of The Hollywood Reporter praised the performances of Teller and Simmons, writing: "Teller, who greatly impressed in last year's Sundance entry The Spectacular Now, does so again in a performance that is more often simmering than volatile ... Simmons has the great good fortune for a character actor to have here found a co-lead part he can really run with, which is what he excitingly does with a man who is profane, way out of bounds and, like many a good villain, utterly compelling."[22] Whiplash also won the 87th Academy Award for Best Sound Mixing and the 87th Academy Award for Best Film Editing.[23]

Amber Wilkinson from The Daily Telegraph praised the direction and editing, writing: "Chazelle's film has a sharp and gripping rhythm, with shots, beautifully edited by Tom Cross... often cutting to the crash of Andrew's drums."[24] James Rocchi of Indiewire gave a positive review and said, "Whiplash is ... full of bravado and swagger, uncompromising where it needs to be, informed by great performances and patient with both its characters and the things that matter to them."[25] Henry Barnes from The Guardian gave the film a positive review, calling it a rare film "about music that professes its love for the music and its characters equally."[23]

Forrest Wickman of Slate said the film distorted jazz history and promoted a misleading idea of genius.[26] In The New Yorker, Richard Brody said "Whiplash honors neither jazz nor cinema".[27]

Accolades[edit]

The film received the top audience and grand jury awards in the U.S. dramatic competition at the 2014 Sundance Film Festival;[28] Chazelle's short film of the same name took home the jury award in the U.S. fiction category one year prior.[9] The film also took the grand prize and the audience award for favorite film at the 40th Deauville American Film Festival.[29] Whiplash was originally planned to compete for the Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay, but on January 6, 2015, the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS) announced that the film would instead be competing in the Adapted Screenplay category[30] to the surprise of many, including Chazelle.[31] Although the Writers Guild of America categorized the screenplay as original, AMPAS classed it as an adaptation of the 2013 short version.[31] At the 87th Academy Awards, J. K. Simmons received the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for his performance, Tom Cross won the Academy Award for Best Film Editing and Craig Mann, Ben Wilkins and Thomas Curley won the Academy Award for Best Sound Mixing. In December 2015, the score received a Grammy nomination, and the film was nominated for the NME Award for Best Film.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Whiplash". British Board of Film Classification. August 5, 2014. Retrieved November 12, 2014.
  2. ^ a b c d "Whiplash (2014)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved November 9, 2015.
  3. ^ Cohen, Sandy (17 January 2014). "Sundance Film Festival 2014 opens with premiere of 'Whiplash,' Damien Chazelle's tale of a brutal drumming instructor and his protege". The Oregonian. Associated Press. Retrieved January 18, 2014.
  4. ^ a b Horn, John (January 16, 2014). "Sundance 2014: Sony grabs international rights to 'Whiplash'". Los Angeles Times. Tribune Company. Retrieved January 19, 2014.
  5. ^ a b c Dowd, A.A. "Whiplash maestro Damien Chazelle on drumming, directing, and J. K. Simmons". The A.V Club. Retrieved December 30, 2014.
  6. ^ Hammond, Pete. "Damien Chazelle's La La Land, An Ode To Musicals, Romance & L.A., Ready To Launch Venice And Oscar Season". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved 20 September 2016.
  7. ^ Dowd, A. A. (21 September 2016). "Two takes on Whiplash show that J.K. Simmons is scary in small doses, too". The A.V. Club.
  8. ^ Bahr, Lindsey (May 14, 2013). "'Whiplash': Sundance-winning short to become full-length feature". Entertainment Weekly. CNN. Retrieved January 19, 2014.
  9. ^ a b "2013 Sundance Film Festival Announces Jury Awards in Short Filmmaking". Sundance Film Festival. Sundance Institute. January 22, 2013. Retrieved January 19, 2014.
  10. ^ Fleming, Jr., Mike (May 14, 2013). "Cannes: Bold, Blumhouse, Right Of Way Strike Up Band For Feature Version Of Sundance Short Whiplash". Deadline Hollywood. Penske Media Corporation. Retrieved January 19, 2014.
  11. ^ Fleming, Jr., Mike (August 5, 2013). "The Spectacular Now's Miles Teller Gets Whiplash". Deadline Hollywood. Penske Media Corporation. Retrieved January 19, 2014.
  12. ^ McNary, Dave (September 19, 2013). "Jake Gyllenhaal's Nightcrawler Gets California Incentive (Exclusive)". Variety. Penske Media Corporation. Retrieved January 19, 2014.
  13. ^ "Tuesday, Sept. 24 Filming Locations for The Heirs, Undrafted, Dumb & Dumber To, Focus, Shelter, & more!". On Location Vacations. September 24, 2013. Retrieved January 19, 2014.
  14. ^ a b "Making of 'Whiplash': How a 20-Something Shot His Harrowing Script in Just 19 Days". The Hollywood Reporter. 9 December 2014. Retrieved 4 March 2015.
  15. ^ a b "Producer: Whiplash was filmed in 19, 14-hour days". Page Six. 9 February 2015. Retrieved 4 March 2015.
  16. ^ "Whiplash Soundtrack Details". filmmusicreporter.com. Retrieved 10 April 2017.
  17. ^ "Whiplash (2014)". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango Media. Retrieved June 7, 2015.
  18. ^ "Whiplash". Metacritic. CBS Interactive.
  19. ^ Smith, Nigel M (October 15, 2014). "J. K. Simmons on His Whiplash Oscar Buzz and Abusing Miles Teller". indieWire. Retrieved October 15, 2014.
  20. ^ Riley, Jenelle (September 3, 2014). "J. K. Simmons on Playing a 'Real' Villain in Whiplash". Variety. Retrieved September 3, 2014.
  21. ^ "Sundance Film Review: Whiplash". Variety. Retrieved January 19, 2014.
  22. ^ "Whiplash: Sundance Review". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved January 19, 2014.
  23. ^ a b "Whiplash: Sundance 2014 – first look review". The Guardian. Retrieved January 19, 2014.
  24. ^ "Sundance 2014: Whiplash, review". The Telegraph. Retrieved January 19, 2014.
  25. ^ "Sundance Review: Whiplash Starring Miles Teller Leads With The Different Beat Of A Very Different Drum". indieWire. Retrieved January 19, 2014.
  26. ^ Wickman, Forrest (October 11, 2014). "What Whiplash Gets Wrong About Genius, Work, and the Charlie Parker Myth". Slate. Retrieved October 13, 2014.
  27. ^ Brody, Richard (13 October 2014). "Getting Jazz Right in the Movies". The New Yorker. Retrieved 5 February 2015.
  28. ^ Zeitchik, Steven; Mark Olsen (January 25, 2014). "Sundance 2014 winners: 'Whiplash' wins big". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved January 27, 2014.
  29. ^ Richford, Rhonda (September 13, 2014). "'Whiplash' Takes Top Prize in Deauville". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved September 13, 2014.
  30. ^ Tapley, Kristopher (January 6, 2015). "Oscar surprise: 'Whiplash' deemed an adapted screenplay by Academy". HitFix. Retrieved January 6, 2015.
  31. ^ a b Hammond, Peter (January 6, 2015). "Academy & WGA At Odds Over 'Whiplash' Screenplay; Will It Hurt Oscar Chances?". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved December 28, 2017.

External links[edit]

Awards
Preceded by
Fruitvale Station
Sundance Grand Jury Prize: U.S. Dramatic
2014
Succeeded by
Me and Earl and the Dying Girl