Whiston, Merseyside

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Whiston
Village
St Nicholas' Church, Whiston - geograph.org.uk - 147261.jpg
St Nicholas' Church
Whiston is located in Merseyside
Whiston
Whiston
Whiston shown within Merseyside
Population 14,263 (2011 Census)
OS grid reference SJ4791
Civil parish
  • Whiston
Metropolitan borough
Metropolitan county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town PRESCOT
Postcode district L35
Dialling code 0151
Police Merseyside
Fire Merseyside
Ambulance North West
EU Parliament North West England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Merseyside
53°24′47″N 2°47′53″W / 53.413°N 2.798°W / 53.413; -2.798Coordinates: 53°24′47″N 2°47′53″W / 53.413°N 2.798°W / 53.413; -2.798

Whiston is a large village and civil parish within the Metropolitan Borough of Knowsley in Merseyside, England. At the 2001 Census the population was recorded as 13,629, (6,560 males and 7,069 females),[1] increasing to 14,263 at the 2011 Census.[2][3]

Historically part of Lancashire, Whiston has close associations with neighbouring Prescot. It gave its name to and formerly administered the Whiston Rural District which operated under the county of Lancashire from 1895 until 1974 when it ceased to exist upon local government boundary changes and the formation of the Metropolitan Borough of Knowsley, Merseyside.

Whiston is crossed by the historic Liverpool to Manchester Railway with services operating from Whiston railway station.

St Helens and Knowsley Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust operates Whiston Hospital. The hospital supports the primary maternity department for the Knowsley and St Helens boroughs, alongside a regional Burns and Plastic Surgery Unit serving North West England, North Wales and the Isle of Man.[4] The Trust is member organisation of the teaching hospital system partnered with the University of Liverpool, Liverpool John Moores University and Edge Hill University.

A new village, Halsnead Garden Village, has been proposed with government support, and will be located in the Halsnead area of the town.[5] The new village will contain over 1500 houses, a primary school, a country park and various community and leisure facilities. Construction will cost around £270m.[6]

History[edit]

Historically in Lancashire, it was known for its coal mines. Its recorded history begins in the 13th century but its roots are much older.

In the mid 14th century, the manors of Whiston, Skelmersdale, Parr and Speke, were held by William Dacre, 2nd Baron Dacre.[7]

A polished stone hand-axe, a relic of the Neolithic Age, was discovered there in 1941 and in 1986 fragments of flint tools were found on a local farm.

The Church of St. Nicholas on Windy Arbor Road was consecrated on 30 July 1868. It hosts a war memorial, designed by Sir Giles Gilbert Scott, which was struck by lightning in 1928. The memorial was replaced in 1932.[8]

Governance[edit]

Whiston consists of the Whiston North and Whiston South wards of the Metropolitan Borough of Knowsley. The North and South wards are separated by the Liverpool to Manchester Railway which runs directly through the town.

Whiston was formerly the headquarters of the Whiston Rural District.

Industries[edit]

Local industry includes Glen Dimplex Home Appliances, producing kitchen appliances and employing approximately 1,000 people.

Education[edit]

Primary education[edit]

  • St Luke's Catholic Primary School
  • Halsnead County Primary School & Training School
  • Whiston Willis Primary School
  • St Leo's Catholic Primary School

Secondary education[edit]

In 2010, two of Whiston's secondary schools were closed and redeveloped under the Labour Party governments 'Building Schools for the Future' scheme. This £150 million programme created seven new 'Centres for Learning' to replace the ten existing secondary schools within the Knowsley borough.[9]

  • Knowsley Higher Side Comprehensive School, Cumber Lane.

Constructed in 1964, Knowsley Higher Side Comprehensive School was one of the first comprehensive schools in the local area, purpose built under the Labour Party's education reforms to formally abolish the tripartite system of education; to amalgamate grammar, technical and secondary modern schools into one appropriately named Comprehensive System. In March 2010, after serving the local area for 46 years, Higher Side Comprehensive School was permanently closed and subsequently demolished to make way for the new St Edmund Arrowsmith Catholic Centre for Learning which was constructed on vacant land behind Higher Side's main buildings. The land on which Higher Side once stood now serves as a car park and recreational area for staff and pupils of the new St Edmund Arrowsmith.

The only remaining building of the former Higher Side School site is the former Whiston & Prescot City Learning Centre (CLC), now St Edmund Arrowsmith Science Hub. The building was originally constructed and opened in 2000. Pupils of the school who were still enrolled at Higher Side at the time its closure were transferred to its replacement Knowsley Park Centre for Learning (now Knowsley Park School) based on Knowsley Park Lane, Prescot.

Closed, relocated and rebuilt behind the former Knowsley Higher Side Comprehensive School on Cumber Lane. Renamed as 'St Edmund Arrowsmith Catholic Centre for Learning'. The original St Edmund Arrowsmith Building on Scotchbarn Lane was retained for several years and redeveloped as a youth training academy, but has also since been demolished. The area on which the building stood is now being utilised for a housing development called Scotchbarn Rise.

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2001 Census: Whiston, Office for National Statistics, retrieved 22 February 2009 
  2. ^ "Knowsley Ward population/Whiston South population 2011". Retrieved 11 January 2016. 
  3. ^ "Knowsley Ward/Whiston North population 2011". Retrieved 11 January 2016. 
  4. ^ "Whiston Hospital Clinical Departments: Maternity & Gynaecology Services". St Helens and Knowsley Teaching Hospitals. 
  5. ^ "First ever garden villages named with government support". GOV.UK. 2017-01-02. Retrieved 2018-05-04. 
  6. ^ 15:40, 2 JAN 2017Updated15:55, 2 JAN 2017 (2017-01-02). "'One of the biggest residential developments on Merseyside' - plans for Whiston development revealed". Liverpool Echo. Retrieved 2018-05-04. 
  7. ^ Edward Baines, William Robert Whatton, Brooke Herford, James Croston, The history of the county palatine and duchy of Lancaster, vol. 5 (J. Heywood, 1893), p. 2
  8. ^ Whiston Origins and History, Knowsley Metropolitan Borough Council, retrieved 21 January 2008 
  9. ^ Future schooling in Knowsley, Knowsley Metropolitan Borough Council, retrieved 15 August 2007 

External links[edit]