Whitby (UK Parliament constituency)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Whitby
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
18321885
Number of members One
Replaced by Whitby
Created from Yorkshire
18851918
Number of members One
Type of constituency County constituency
Replaced by Scarborough and Whitby and Thirsk and Malton
Created from North Riding of Yorkshire and Whitby

Whitby was a parliamentary constituency centred on the town of Whitby in North Yorkshire. It returned one Member of Parliament to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, MP elected by the first past the post system.

History[edit]

The constituency was created by the Great Reform Act for the 1832–33 general election as a parliamentary borough, Whitby being at that point one of the most prosperous towns in England which had not previously been represented. (Whitby had been summoned to send members to the Protectorate Parliaments during the Civil War period, but never at any other time.) It consisted of Whitby itself and the adjoining townships of Ruswarp, Hawsker and Stainsacre, and had a population of just over 10,000.

Whitby's shipbuilding industry had been in decline even before the new borough was established, and by 1885 a separate MP for the town could no longer be justified. However, when the borough was abolished the county constituency which absorbed it was also named Whitby (strictly, the Whitby Division of the North Riding of Yorkshire): it contained all the easternmost part of the Riding apart from Scarborough (which remained a separate borough), stretching south-west to Pickering which was the only other town in the constituency.

The Whitby division was abolished for the 1918 general election, when it was partially replaced by the new Scarborough & Whitby constituency.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member Party
1832 Aaron Chapman Conservative
1847 Robert Stephenson Conservative
1859 by-election Harry Thompson Liberal
1865 Charles Bagnall Conservative
1868 William Henry Gladstone Liberal
1880 Arthur Pease Liberal
1885 Ernest Beckett Conservative
1905 by-election Noel Buxton Liberal
1906 Gervase Beckett Conservative
1918 constituency abolished: see Scarborough and Whitby

Election results[edit]

Elections in the 1860s[edit]

General Election 1865: Whitby[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Charles Bagnall 305 52.0 N/A
Liberal Harry Thompson 282 48.0 N/A
Majority 23 3.9 N/A
Turnout 587 83.5 N/A
Registered electors 703
Conservative hold Swing N/A
General Election 1868: Whitby[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal William Henry Gladstone 894 63.3 +15.3
Conservative William Cayley Worsley[2] 518 36.7 −15.3
Majority 376 26.6 N/A
Turnout 1,412 68.6 −14.9
Registered electors 2,058
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +15.3

Gladstone was appointed a Lord Commissioner of the Treasury, requiring a by-election.

By-election, 18 November 1869: Whitby[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal William Henry Gladstone 779 56.7 −6.6
Conservative William Cayley Worsley[2] 596 43.3 +6.6
Majority 183 13.3 −13.3
Turnout 1,375 66.8 −1.8
Registered electors 2,058
Liberal hold Swing −6.6

Elections in the 1870s[edit]

General Election 1874: Whitby[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal William Henry Gladstone 873 53.7 −9.6
Conservative Charles Bagnall 754 46.3 +9.6
Majority 119 7.3 −19.3
Turnout 1,627 78.6 +10.0
Registered electors 2,069
Liberal hold Swing −9.6

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

Pease
General Election 1880: Whitby[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Arthur Pease 1,072 60.5 +6.8
Conservative Robert Mowbray[3] 699 39.5 −6.8
Majority 373 21.1 +13.8
Turnout 1,771 81.9 +3.3
Registered electors 2,163
Liberal hold Swing +6.8
General Election 1885: Whitby [4][5][6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Ernest Beckett-Denison 5,049 51.7 +12.2
Liberal Arthur Pease 4,709 48.3 −12.2
Majority 340 3.4 N/A
Turnout 9,758 86.0 +4.1
Registered electors 11,350
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +12.2
General Election 1886: Whitby [4][6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Ernest Beckett 5,078 56.3 +4.6
Liberal James Menzies Clayhills[7] 3,940 43.7 −4.6
Majority 1,138 12.6 +9.2
Turnout 9,018 79.5 −6.5
Registered electors 11,350
Conservative hold Swing +4.6

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

General Election 1892: Whitby [4][6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Ernest Beckett 4,909 56.2 −0.1
Liberal H Frank Pyman 3,826 43.8 +0.1
Majority 1,083 12.4 −0.2
Turnout 8,735 80.8 +1.3
Registered electors 10,804
Conservative hold Swing −0.1
General Election 1895: Whitby [4][8][6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Ernest Beckett Unopposed
Conservative hold

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

General Election 1900: Whitby [4][8][9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Ernest Beckett Unopposed
Conservative hold
Buxton
Whitby by-election, 1905[9][4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Noel Buxton 4,547 52.6 N/A
Conservative Gervase Beckett 4,102 47.4 N/A
Majority 445 5.2 N/A
Turnout 8,649 79.7 N/A
Registered electors 10,857
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing N/A
Beckett
General Election 1906: Whitby [9][4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Gervase Beckett 4,780 50.4 N/A
Liberal Noel Buxton 4,709 49.6 N/A
Majority 71 0.8 N/A
Turnout 9,489 84.2 N/A
Registered electors 11,263
Conservative hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

Jardine
General Election January 1910: Whitby [9][10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Gervase Beckett 5,161 52.9 +2.5
Liberal James Jardine 4,602 47.1 −2.5
Majority 559 5.8 +5.0
Turnout 9,763 87.2 +3.0
Registered electors 11,200
Conservative hold Swing +2.5
General Election December 1910: Whitby [11][6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Gervase Beckett 4,960 52.4 −0.5
Liberal Walter Herbert Septimus Pyman 4,508 47.6 +0.5
Majority 452 4.8 −1.0
Turnout 9,468 84.5 −2.7
Registered electors 11,200
Conservative hold Swing −0.5

General Election 1914/15:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (e-book) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3. 
  2. ^ a b "Whitby Borough Election". Whitby Gazette. 20 November 1869. pp. 1–2. Retrieved 23 March 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). 
  3. ^ "Whitby Borough Election". Whitby Gazette. 5 June 1880. p. 4. Retrieved 14 December 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g The Liberal Year Book, 1907
  5. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1886
  6. ^ a b c d e Craig, FWS, ed. (1974). British Parliamentary Election Results: 1885-1918. London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 9781349022984. 
  7. ^ "The General Election". Bristol Mercury. 8 July 1886. p. 8. Retrieved 14 December 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). 
  8. ^ a b Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
  9. ^ a b c d British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig
  10. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916
  11. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916