Whitby (UK Parliament constituency)

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Whitby
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
1885-1918 Whitby.png
Whitby in Yorkshire, 1885-1918
18321885
Number of members One
Replaced by Whitby
Created from Yorkshire
18851918
Number of members One
Type of constituency County constituency
Replaced by Scarborough and Whitby and Thirsk and Malton
Created from North Riding of Yorkshire and Whitby

Whitby was a parliamentary constituency centred on the town of Whitby in North Yorkshire. It returned one Member of Parliament to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, MP elected by the first past the post system.

History[edit]

The constituency was created by the Great Reform Act for the 1832 general election as a parliamentary borough, Whitby being at that point one of the most prosperous towns in England which had not previously been represented. (Whitby had been summoned to send members to the Protectorate Parliaments during the Civil War period, but never at any other time.) It consisted of Whitby itself and the adjoining townships of Ruswarp, Hawsker and Stainsacre, and had a population of just over 10,000.

Whitby's shipbuilding industry had been in decline even before the new borough was established, and by 1885 a separate MP for the town could no longer be justified. However, when the borough was abolished the county constituency which absorbed it was also named Whitby (strictly, the Whitby Division of the North Riding of Yorkshire): it contained all the easternmost part of the Riding apart from Scarborough (which remained a separate borough), stretching south-west to Pickering which was the only other town in the constituency.

The Whitby division was abolished for the 1918 general election, when it was partially replaced by the new Scarborough & Whitby constituency.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member Party
1832 Aaron Chapman Conservative
1847 Robert Stephenson Conservative
1859 by-election Harry Stephen Thompson Liberal
1865 Charles Bagnall Conservative
1868 William Henry Gladstone Liberal
1880 Arthur Pease Liberal
1885 Ernest Beckett Conservative
1905 by-election Noel Buxton Liberal
1906 Gervase Beckett Conservative
1918 constituency abolished: see Scarborough and Whitby

Election results[edit]

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

Pease
General Election 1885: Whitby [1][2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Ernest Beckett 5,049
Liberal Arthur Pease 4,709
Majority 340
Turnout
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing
General Election 1886: Whitby [1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Ernest Beckett 5,078
Liberal James M Clayhills 3,940
Majority 1138
Turnout
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

General Election 1892: Whitby [1][3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Ernest Beckett 4,909 56.2 −0.1
Liberal H Frank Pyman 3,826 43.8 +0.1
Majority 1,083 12.4 −0.2
Turnout 8,735 80.8 +1.3
Registered electors 10,804
Conservative hold Swing −0.1
General Election 1895: Whitby [1][4][3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Ernest Beckett Unopposed
Conservative hold

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

General Election 1900: Whitby [1][5][6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Ernest Beckett Unopposed
Conservative hold
Buxton
Whitby by-election, 1905[6][1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Noel Buxton 4,547 52.6 N/A
Conservative Gervase Beckett 4,102 47.4 N/A
Majority 445 5.2 N/A
Turnout 8,649 79.7 N/A
Registered electors 10,857
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing N/A
Beckett
General Election 1906: Whitby [6][1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Gervase Beckett 4,780 50.4 N/A
Liberal Noel Buxton 4,709 49.6 N/A
Majority 71 0.8 N/A
Turnout 9,489 84.2 N/A
Registered electors 11,263
Conservative hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

Jardine
General Election January 1910: Whitby [6][7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Gervase Beckett 5,161 52.9 +2.5
Liberal James Jardine 4,602 47.1 −2.5
Majority 559 5.8 +5.0
Turnout 9,763 87.2 +3.0
Registered electors 11,200
Conservative hold Swing +2.5
General Election December 1910: Whitby [8][3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Gervase Beckett 4,960 52.4 −0.5
Liberal Walter Herbert Septimus Pyman 4,508 47.6 +0.5
Majority 452 4.8 −1.0
Turnout 9,468 84.5 −2.7
Registered electors 11,200
Conservative hold Swing −0.5

General Election 1914/15:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g The Liberal Year Book, 1907
  2. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1886
  3. ^ a b c Craig, FWS, ed. (1974). British Parliamentary Election Results: 1885-1918. London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 9781349022984. 
  4. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
  5. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
  6. ^ a b c d British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig
  7. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916
  8. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916