Whitby Lighthouse

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Whitby Lighthouse
Whitby High
South Whitby Lighthouse - geograph.org.uk - 1318876.jpg
Whitby Lighthouse
Whitby Lighthouse is located in North Yorkshire
Whitby Lighthouse
North Yorkshire
Location Whitby
Yorkshire
England
Coordinates 54°28′40.1″N 0°34′05.5″W / 54.477806°N 0.568194°W / 54.477806; -0.568194Coordinates: 54°28′40.1″N 0°34′05.5″W / 54.477806°N 0.568194°W / 54.477806; -0.568194
Year first constructed 1858
Automated 1992
Construction brick tower
Tower shape octagonal tower with balcony and lantern
Markings / pattern white tower and lantern
Height 13 m (43 ft)
Focal height 73 m (240 ft)
Current lens 2nd order six panel catadioptric
Intensity white: 107,000 candela
red: 17,100 candela
Range white: 18 nmi (33 km)
red: 16 nmi (30 km)
Characteristic Iso WR 10s.
Admiralty number A2596
NGA number 1992
ARLHS number ENG 164
Managing agent Trinity House[1] [2]
Heritage Grade II listed building Edit this on Wikidata

Whitby Lighthouse is a lighthouse operated by Trinity House. It is located on Ling Hill, on the coast to the south-east of Whitby, beyond Saltwick Bay. It should not be confused with the two lighthouses located in Whitby itself, which protect the town's harbour.

The lighthouse, a white octagonal brick tower, was designed by James Walker[3] of civil engineers Messrs. Walker, Burgess & Cooper.[4] Foundations were laid on 12 April 1857[4] with construction carried out by local builder William Falkingbridge[3] of Well Close Square, Whitby.[4] Supervising the construction Henry Norris[3][4] of James Walker's firm was engaged as Superintendent of the Works on behalf of Trinity House. The light was first lit on 1 October 1858[3] with costs of construction having run to about £8,000.[4]

Originally, it was one of a pair of towers aligned north-south and known as the twin lights of Whitby North[3] (also known as the High Light) and Whitby South.[5] Their purpose was to show fixed lights over Whitby Rock. In 1890, a more efficient light was installed in the High Light, allowing the South Light to be deactivated. The lighthouse was electrified in 1976 and automated in 1992; the former lighthouse keepers' cottages are now available to hire by holidaymakers.[6]

The Whitby Fog Signal located adjacent to the lighthouse has been deactivated, and the building is also now used as holiday accommodation.[7]

See also[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ Whitby High The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved 7 May 2016
  2. ^ Whitby Lighthouse Trinity House. Retrieved 7 May 2016
  3. ^ a b c d e "Lighthouse management : the report of the Royal Commissioners on Lights, Buoys, and Beacons, 1861, examined and refuted Vol. 2". p. 67. 
  4. ^ a b c d e "The New Lighthouses". The Whitby Gazette. 22 May 1858. p. 4. 
  5. ^ "Lighthouse management,". p. 68. 
  6. ^ "Whitby Lighthouse". Trinity House. 
  7. ^ "Rural Retreats". 

External links[edit]