Coordinates: 51°30′27.3″N 0°8′24″W / 51.507583°N 0.14000°W / 51.507583; -0.14000
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Formation1693 (1693)
TypeGentlemen's club

White's is a gentlemen's club in St James's, London. Founded in 1693 as a hot chocolate shop in Mayfair, it is the oldest gentleman's club in London. It moved to its current premises on St James's Street in 1778.


White's is the oldest gentlemen's club in London, founded in 1693, and is considered by many to be the most exclusive private club in London.[1] Notable current members include Charles III and the Prince of Wales.[2] Former British prime minister David Cameron, whose father Ian Cameron had been the club's chairman, was a member for fifteen years but resigned in 2008, over the club's declining to admit women.[3][4][5][6]

White's continues to maintain its tradition as an establishment exclusively for gentlemen; brief exceptions were made for the visits by Queen Elizabeth II in 1991 and 2016. White's is a member of the Association of London Clubs.[7] In January 2018, calling themselves 'Women in Whites', a group of female protesters infiltrated the club to highlight its single-sex policy, one managing to gain entry by pretending to be a man. These persons were removed.[8]


The club was originally established at 4 Chesterfield Street, off Curzon Street in Mayfair, in 1693 by an Italian immigrant named Francesco Bianco as a hot chocolate emporium under the name Mrs. White's Chocolate House. Tickets were sold to the productions at King's Theatre and Royal Drury Lane Theatre as a side-business. White's quickly made the transition from teashop to exclusive club and in the early 18th century, it was notorious as a gambling house; those who frequented it were known as "the gamesters of White's". The club gained a reputation for both its exclusivity and the often raffish behaviour of its members. Jonathan Swift referred to White's as the "bane of half the English nobility."[9]

In 1778 it moved to 37–38 St James's Street. From 1783 it was the unofficial headquarters of the Tory party, while the Whigs' club Brooks's was just down the road. A few apolitical and affable gentlemen managed to belong to both. The new architecture featured a bow window on the ground floor. In the later 18th century, the table directly in front of it became a seat of distinction, the throne of the most socially influential men in the club. This belonged to the arbiter elegantiarum, Beau Brummell, until he removed to the Continent in 1816, when William Arden, 2nd Baron Alvanley, took the place of honour. While there, he is supposed to have once bet £3,000 on which of two raindrops would reach the bottom of a pane in the bow window. Later, the spot was reserved for the use of Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, until his death in 1852.

Alvanley's was not the most eccentric bet in White's famous betting book. Some of those entries were on sports, but more often on political developments, especially during the chaotic years of the French Revolution and the Napoleonic Wars. A good many were social bets, such as whether a friend would marry this year, or to whom.

The club continues to maintain its tradition as a club for gentlemen only, although one of its best known chefs from the early 1900s was Rosa Lewis,[10] a model for the central character in the BBC television series The Duchess of Duke Street.[11]

There were two American members in the interwar period, one of whom was a general in the U.S. Army. Postwar American members included diplomat Edward Streator.

Charles III held his stag night at the club before his wedding to Diana Spencer in 1981.[12] His elder son, Prince William, was entered as a member of the club shortly after his birth.


The clubhouse is located at 37–38 St James's Street in the City of Westminster and is a Grade I listed building.[13] Originally built in 1674 and then rebuilt in 1787–88, probably by James Wyatt, it was further altered in 1811 and the frontage was remodelled by Lockyer in 1852. Constructed of Portland stone with a slate roof, it possesses the Victorian version of a Palladian façade with some French motifs. The building consists of five storeys; three principal floors of facilities for members, together with a basement and a dormered attic. In the late 1970s, the exterior was painted azure with white trim.[citation needed] This colour scheme was not continued.

The club bar is more compact than those of many other clubs. A description of it, and of the rationale behind its size, may be found in chapter ten of the spy novel The Sixth Column (1951) by Peter Fleming, in which the club is thinly disguised as "Black's".

While the club does not have members' accommodation, facilities include a members' dining room, a billiards room, and several rooms (including the library and the cards room) where members may socialise, or hold private dinners. The club menu revolves around British game.

Notable members[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Wheeler, Brian (24 November 2003). "'If anybody wants me, I'll be at my club'". BBC News Online. BBC News. Retrieved 23 August 2013.The Standard, https://www.standard.co.uk/going-out/attractions/king-charles-london-royal-family-royal-warrants-b1027454.html
  2. ^ The Standards, https://www.standard.co.uk/going-out/attractions/king-charles-london-royal-family-royal-warrants-b1027454.html
  3. ^ Laura Pitel (19 July 2013). "Cameron declares war on the gentlemen's club". The Times. Retrieved 24 August 2013.
  4. ^ Ros Taylor (18 October 2005). "Smashing chaps". The Guardian. Retrieved 24 August 2013.
  5. ^ Peter Dominiczak; Steven Swinford (18 July 2013). "Gentlemen's clubs are a 'thing of the past', says David Cameron". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 23 August 2013.
  6. ^ Steerpike (18 July 2013). "Cameron whiter than White's". The Spectator. Archived from the original on 3 September 2013. Retrieved 17 August 2013.
  7. ^ "Association of London Clubs". The Association of London Clubs. Archived from the original on 1 November 2013. Retrieved 23 August 2013.
  8. ^ Unfollow Everything (27 January 2018). "WOMEN IN WHITES – Penetrating an all-male safe space". Archived from the original on 21 December 2021. Retrieved 9 November 2018 – via YouTube.
  9. ^ Grivetti, Louis E.; Shapiro, Howard-Yana (2009). Chocolate: History, Culture, and Heritage. Hoboken, New Jersey: Wiley. p. 584. ISBN 978-0-470-12165-8.
  10. ^ "London's Cleverest Cook". Euroa Advertiser (Vic. : 1884–1920). Vic.: National Library of Australia. 25 September 1914. p. 5. Retrieved 7 September 2013.
  11. ^ "Read the Book, Darling", Charles McGrath. The New York Times, 22 August 2004, section 2, page 9.
  12. ^ "Prince Charles Furious After Secret Stag do Was Leaked". International Business Times. August 2019.
  13. ^ Historic England. "White's Club (Grade I) (1264877)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 24 August 2013.
  14. ^ Hunt, Giles (2008), The Duel: Castlereagh, Canning and Deadly Cabinet Rivalry., London: I.B. Tauris, p. 51.
  15. ^ 'LAMONT OF LERWICK', Who's Who 2017, A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc, 2017; online edn, Oxford University Press, 2016 ; online edn, Nov 2016 accessed 8 Dec 2016
  16. ^ Creamer, Martin (18 October 2013). "Adam Fleming". Mining Weekly. Retrieved 27 April 2015.
  17. ^ Cave Brown, Anthony (1988). The Secret Servant: The Life of Sir Stewart Menzies, Churchill's Spymaster. London: Michael Joseph. p. 148. ISBN 0718127455.
  18. ^ MacIntyre, Ben (2014), A Spy Among Friends: Kim Philby and the Great Betrayal, New York: Crown Publishers, pg 7.
  19. ^ The Standard, https://www.standard.co.uk/going-out/attractions/king-charles-london-royal-family-royal-warrants-b1027454.html
  20. ^ The Standard, https://www.standard.co.uk/going-out/attractions/king-charles-london-royal-family-royal-warrants-b1027454.html
  • Dod's Parliamentary Companion (various editions)
  • Debrett's People of Today, 2011

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

51°30′27.3″N 0°8′24″W / 51.507583°N 0.14000°W / 51.507583; -0.14000