White-fronted nunbird

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White-fronted nunbird
White-fronted Nunbird.jpg
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Piciformes
Genus: Monasa
Species: M. morphoeus
Binomial name
Monasa morphoeus
(Hahn & Küster, 1823)

The white-fronted nunbird (Monasa morphoeus) is a species of near passerine bird in the puffbird family (Bucconidae). It is found in the tropical Americas.

This glossy black or gray-black bird with a stout, medium red-orange bill is named for the white face markings on the cere, the base of its bill and on the upper throat. It has black eyes and black or gray-black legs.

It occurs in Brazil, Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Venezuela; in southern Central America in Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, and Panama. The white-fronted nunbird is found in the southern Amazon Basin, with the Amazon River as its northern limit, and extends to Maranhão state on the Atlantic coast; in the west, specifically northwest, it is limited eastwards by the lower reaches of the Rio Negro but extends westward towards the eastern Andes foothills. Its range largely skips the Andean cordillera – though it is found in some lower-lying ranges, like the Serranía de las Quinchas in Colombia[2] – and continues west of the Andes into southern Central America to Nicaragua and Honduras.

Its natural habitats are subtropical and tropical moist lowland forests and subtropical and tropical moist montane forests; while it requires woodland of sufficient extent to occur in any one region, it is not dependent on primary forest and will tolerate some degree of habitat alteration.[2] It is assessed as Least Concern by the IUCN due to its wide range.[3]



  1. ^ BirdLife International (2012). "Monasa morphoeus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  2. ^ a b Laverde-R. et al. (2005)
  3. ^ BLI (2008)


  • Laverde-R., Oscar; Stiles, F. Gary & Múnera-R., Claudia (2005): Nuevos registros e inventario de la avifauna de la Serranía de las Quinchas, un área importante para la conservación de las aves (AICA) en Colombia [New records and updated inventory of the avifauna of the Serranía de las Quinchas, an important bird area (IBA) in Colombia]. Caldasia 27(2): 247-265 [Spanish with English abstract]. PDF fulltext

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