White-throated ground dove

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White-throated ground dove
White-Throated Ground-Dove wild.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Columbiformes
Family: Columbidae
Genus: Gallicolumba
Species: G. xanthonura
Binomial name
Gallicolumba xanthonura
(Temminck, 1823)

The white-throated ground dove (Gallicolumba xanthonura) or paluman apaka in Chamorro is a species of ground dove in the genus Gallicolumba. Their distribution is on the Northern Mariana Islands inhabiting the native forests. It has become extirpated from Guam (to USA) by predation from the introduced brown tree snake Boiga irregularis. Single birds do turn up once every few years but are most likely individuals dispersing from the island of Rota. The birds are shy and tend to keep well hidden.

  • Habitat/Distribution: Forest - Subtropical/Tropical Moist, Shrubland - Subtropical/Tropical Moist, Artificial/Terrestrial - Plantations
  • Threats: Habitat Loss/Degradation, Invasive alien species, Harvesting
female White-throated ground dove showing all brown body.


This species averages 26 cm (10 in) in length and weighs 58.5–140 g (2.06–4.94 oz).[2] The male white-throated ground dove has a chocolate brown body with white head and breast while the females are shades of brown with no white on the body.


  1. ^ BirdLife International (2013). "Gallicolumba xanthonura". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  2. ^ CRC Handbook of Avian Body Masses by John B. Dunning Jr. (Editor). CRC Press (1992), ISBN 978-0-8493-4258-5.