White Arrow

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For other uses, see White Arrow (disambiguation).
White Arrow
Super White Arrow
JRH-785-super-white-arrow.jpg
785 series EMU on a Super White Arrow service, October 2002
Overview
Service type Limited express
Locale Hokkaido
First service 3 March 1986 (White Arrow)
1 September 1990 (Super White Arrow)
Last service 30 September 2007
Successor Super Kamui
Current operator(s) JR Hokkaido
Former operator(s) JNR
Route
Start Sapporo
End Asahikawa
Distance travelled 136.8 km
Average journey time 1 hr 20 mins
Technical
Rolling stock 781 series & 785 series EMUs
Track gauge 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)
Electrification 20 kV AC overhead
Operating speed 130 km/h (80 mph)

The White Arrow (ホワイトアロー howaito arō?), and later Super White Arrow (スーパーホワイトアロー sūpā howaito arō?) were limited express train services operated by Hokkaido Railway Company (JR Hokkaido) on the Hakodate Main Line between the cities of Sapporo and Asahikawa in Hokkaido, Japan, between 1986 and 2007.

History[edit]

White Arrow services began on 3 March 1986 as a new limited express operating between Sapporo and Asahikawa via the Hakodate Main Line, supplementing the existing Lilac services also operating between Sapporo and Asahikawa.[1]

From 1 September 1990, the service was renamed Super White Arrow with the introduction of new 785 series EMUs.[1]

Services were discontinued from the start of the 1 October 2007 timetable revision when the Super White Arrow was combined with the Lilac service to form the new Super Kamui service.[2]

Service pattern[edit]

White Arrow services served the following stations:

Super White Arrow services operated at hourly intervals, with 13 return workings daily, departing on the hour from Sapporo and Asahikawa, and served the following stations:

The Super White Arrow services operated at a maximum speed of 130 km/h, with an average speed of 102.6 km/h, completing the 136.8 km journey in 1 hour and 20 minutes.[1][3]

Rolling stock[edit]

  • 781 series 4-car EMUs (White Arrow) 1986–1990
  • 785 series 4/6-car (later 5-car) EMUs (Super White Arrow) 1990–2007

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c 列車名鑑1995 [Train Name Directory 1995]. Japan: Railway Journal. August 1995. 
  2. ^ JR新幹線&特急列車ファイル [JR Shinkansen & Limited Express Train File]. Japan: Kōtsū Shimbun. 2008. p. 84. ISBN 978-4-330-00608-6. 
  3. ^ こだわりの新幹線&特急列車ガイド [In-depth Shinkansen & Limited Express Guide]. Japan: Ikaros Publishing. August 2000. ISBN 4-87149-284-2. 

External links[edit]