White County, Indiana

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White County, Indiana
White County Courthouse in Monticello.jpg
White County Courthouse in Monticello
Map of Indiana highlighting White County
Location in the state of Indiana
Map of the United States highlighting Indiana
Indiana's location in the U.S.
Founded 1834
Named for Isaac White
Seat Monticello
Largest city Monticello
Area
 • Total 508.68 sq mi (1,317 km2)
 • Land 505.12 sq mi (1,308 km2)
 • Water 3.56 sq mi (9 km2), 0.70%
Population
24,643
 • Density 50/sq mi (19/km²)
Congressional district 4th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Footnotes: Indiana county number 91

White County is a county located in the U.S. state of Indiana. As of the 2010 census, the population was 24,643.[1] The county seat is Monticello.[2]

History[edit]

White County was formed in 1834. It was named for Isaac White of Equality, Illinois who was killed at the Battle of Tippecanoe in 1811. White was a Colonel in the Illinois militia, who volunteered to serve as a Private in the Indiana militia in the march against Prophetstown. He was placed under the command of Kentucky Maj. Joseph Hamilton Daveiss. The two exchanged swords in a demonstration of mutual respect at Fort Vincennes. In the Battle of Tippecanoe they died together and were buried in a common grave at Battle Ground.

Geography[edit]

According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 508.68 square miles (1,317.5 km2), of which 505.12 square miles (1,308.3 km2) (or 99.30%) is land and 3.56 square miles (9.2 km2) (or 0.70%) is water.[3]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Cities and towns[edit]

Unincorporated towns[edit]

Townships[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Railroads[edit]

Climate and weather[edit]

Monticello, Indiana
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
2
 
 
33
17
 
 
1.9
 
 
39
21
 
 
2.9
 
 
51
31
 
 
3.5
 
 
64
40
 
 
3.9
 
 
74
50
 
 
4.1
 
 
83
60
 
 
4.2
 
 
86
63
 
 
4
 
 
84
61
 
 
2.9
 
 
78
53
 
 
2.7
 
 
66
42
 
 
3.1
 
 
51
33
 
 
2.7
 
 
38
23
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[4]

In recent years, average temperatures in Monticello have ranged from a low of 17 °F (−8 °C) in January to a high of 86 °F (30 °C) in July, although a record low of −25 °F (−32 °C) was recorded in January 1963 and a record high of 107 °F (42 °C) was recorded in July 1954. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.94 inches (49 mm) in February to 4.16 inches (106 mm) in July.[4]

Government[edit]

The county government is a constitutional body, and is granted specific powers by the Constitution of Indiana, and by the Indiana Code.

County Council: The county council is the legislative branch of the county government and controls all the spending and revenue collection in the county. Representatives are elected from county districts. The council members serve four-year terms. They are responsible for setting salaries, the annual budget, and special spending. The council also has limited authority to impose local taxes, in the form of an income and property tax that is subject to state level approval, excise taxes, and service taxes.[5][6]

Board of Commissioners: The executive body of the county is made of a board of commissioners. The commissioners are elected county-wide, in staggered terms, and each serves a four-year term. One of the commissioners, typically the most senior, serves as president. The commissioners are charged with executing the acts legislated by the council, collecting revenue, and managing the day-to-day functions of the county government.[5][6]

Court: The county maintains a small claims court that can handle some civil cases. The judge on the court is elected to a term of four years and must be a member of the Indiana Bar Association. The judge is assisted by a constable who is also elected to a four-year term. In some cases, court decisions can be appealed to the state level circuit court.[6]

County Officials: The county has several other elected offices, including sheriff, coroner, auditor, treasurer, recorder, surveyor, and circuit court clerk. Each of these elected officers serves a term of four years and oversees a different part of county government. Members elected to county government positions are required to declare party affiliations and to be residents of the county.[6]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 1,832
1850 4,761 159.9%
1860 8,258 73.5%
1870 10,554 27.8%
1880 13,795 30.7%
1890 15,671 13.6%
1900 19,138 22.1%
1910 17,602 −8.0%
1920 17,351 −1.4%
1930 15,831 −8.8%
1940 17,037 7.6%
1950 18,042 5.9%
1960 19,709 9.2%
1970 20,995 6.5%
1980 23,867 13.7%
1990 23,265 −2.5%
2000 25,267 8.6%
2010 24,643 −2.5%
Est. 2013 24,466 −0.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2010-2013[1]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 24,643 people, 9,741 households, and 6,849 families residing in the county.[11] The population density was 48.8 inhabitants per square mile (18.8/km2). There were 12,970 housing units at an average density of 25.7 per square mile (9.9/km2).[3] The racial makeup of the county was 93.9% white, 0.4% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 0.3% black or African American, 3.7% from other races, and 1.4% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 7.1% of the population.[11] In terms of ancestry, 27.0% were German, 13.3% were Irish, 9.7% were English, and 8.4% were American.[12]

Of the 9,741 households, 31.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.1% were married couples living together, 9.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.7% were non-families, and 24.8% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 2.96. The median age was 41.9 years.[11]

The median income for a household in the county was $47,697 and the median income for a family was $52,626. Males had a median income of $39,715 versus $28,880 for females. The per capita income for the county was $22,323. About 7.7% of families and 9.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.0% of those under age 18 and 4.5% of those age 65 or over.[13]

Education[edit]

Public schools in White County are administered by the Frontier School Corporation, North White School Corporation, Tri-County School Corporation and Twin Lakes School Corporation.

High Schools and Middle Schools

Elementary Schools

[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "White County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-25. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ a b "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-10. 
  4. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Monticello, Indiana". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 
  5. ^ a b Indiana Code. "Title 36, Article 2, Section 3". IN.gov. Retrieved 2008-09-16. 
  6. ^ a b c d Indiana Code. "Title 2, Article 10, Section 2" (PDF). IN.gov. Retrieved 2008-09-16. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  11. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-10. 
  12. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-10. 
  13. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-10. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 40°45′N 86°52′W / 40.75°N 86.86°W / 40.75; -86.86