White Haven, Pennsylvania
White Haven, Pennsylvania
From top, left to right: A Presbyterian Church, a house in the borough, White Haven historical marker, a church in the borough
Location of White Haven in Luzerne County, Pennsylvania.
|• Type||Borough Council|
|• Total||1.26 sq mi (3.26 km2)|
|• Land||1.22 sq mi (3.16 km2)|
|• Water||0.04 sq mi (0.10 km2)|
|Elevation||1,221 ft (372 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||895.00/sq mi (345.59/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
|Area code(s)||570 Exchange: 443|
White Haven was created in 1824 by industrialist Josiah White. It was later incorporated as a borough in 1842.
Coal mining and railroads
Early European explorers to the Wyoming Valley encountered a new form of coal — anthracite — that was abundant throughout the region. At the time, anthracite was a valuable commodity without a good use. It wasn’t until February 11, 1808, when Wilkes-Barre Judge Jesse Fell created the first iron grate in the valley to successfully burn anthracite. This invention increased the popularity of anthracite as a fuel source. This led to the expansion of the coal industry in Northeastern Pennsylvania. Throughout the 1800s, canals and railroads were constructed to aid in the mining and transportation of coal. The County of Luzerne witnessed a population boom with the expansion of the coal mining industry.
The Lehigh Coal and Navigation Company chartered the Lehigh and Susquehanna Railroad on March 31, 1837, in order to link Wilkes-Barre to White Haven. Construction of the railroad began in 1839 and was completed in the 1840s. The arduous 19.58-mile (31.51 km) route required the construction of a tunnel and three inclined planes, which included the famed Ashley Planes.
With the completion of the Lehigh and Susquehanna Railroad, the canal industry, which had existed for no more than one generation, faced a rapid extinction. The Lehigh and Susquehanna Railroad moved Wyoming Valley anthracite from its various coal fields to White Haven; over the Appalachian Mountains that had posed such a challenge to settlers for 150 years. Once the L&SR reached White Haven, an extensive transportation network expeditiously and economically delivered the Wyoming Valley’s “black diamonds” to a waiting market. By 1867, the Lehigh Valley Railroad, which was first established in the Hazleton area’s coal fields, was linked to Wilkes-Barre, and then in 1869, the Lehigh Valley Railroad was connected to other rail systems in New York State.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 1.2 square miles (3.2 km2), of which 1.2 square miles (3.2 km2) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km2), or 2.12%, is water. White Haven's elevation is 1,221 feet (372 m) above sea level.
Odd Fellows Lodge
Lehigh Gorge State Park, which encompasses the Lehigh River, provides White Haven and the surrounding communities with a plethora of recreational activities. Water released from the Francis E. Walter Dam makes the river deep enough for boating. White water rafting is a very popular recreational activity in the park. Other activities include fishing, hiking, bicycling, sight-seeing, snowmobiling, and much more.
- Mayor: Frederick Meiers
- Council President: John Klem
- Council Vice President: Charlie Best
- Pro Temp: Bob Lamson
- Tim Janosco
- Rose Swerdon
- Patty Horn
- Zane Writer
Other government officials
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,182 people, 468 households, and 329 families residing in the borough. The population density was 982.1 people per square mile (380.3/km2). There were 515 housing units at an average density of 427.9 per square mile (165.7/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 98.39% White, 0.08% Native American, 1.27% Asian, and 0.25% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.76% of the population.
The main ancestries reported by White Haven residents on the 2000 Census were Polish, with 17% of the population, Italian with 13%, Irish with 10%, Slovak with 8%, and German with 6%. However, Czechoslovakian, Carpatho Rusyn, Eastern European and Slavic were all reported by about one percent of the population, so the Slovak population might have come in second to Polish if the census had allowed reporting of more than two ancestries.
There were 468 households, out of which 34.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.6% were married couples living together, 12.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.5% were non-families. 26.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.06.
In the borough the population was spread out, with 27.3% under the age of 18, 7.3% from 18 to 24, 28.0% from 25 to 44, 20.9% from 45 to 64, and 16.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 87.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.8 males.
The median income for a household in the borough was $37,438, and the median income for a family was $43,846. Males had a median income of $32,159 versus $27,386 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $18,768. About 4.5% of families and 6.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.3% of those under age 18 and 8.8% of those age 65 or over.
- John J. Dempsey, Governor of New Mexico
- Warren Newton Dusenberry, educator
- Liz Lemon, a fictional character played by Tina Fey on the NBC comedy 30 Rock
- Edith King, actress
- Brad Kocher, Major League baseball player
- Ron Mrozinski, Major League baseball player
- A. Mitchell Palmer, Attorney General in the cabinet of Woodrow Wilson
- Darin Young, Professional darts player
- "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Aug 14, 2017.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
- "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): White Haven borough, Pennsylvania". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved April 13, 2012.
- Saylor 1964, p. 37
- Munsell 1880, p. 92
- Tanner 1840, p. 143
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): White Haven borough, Pennsylvania". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved April 13, 2012.
- "PA DCNR - Lehigh Gorge State Park". www.dcnr.state.pa.us. Retrieved 2015-11-16.
- "Census of Population and Housing". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 11 December 2013.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Resident Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 17 June 2013. Retrieved 11 December 2013.
Media related to White Haven, Pennsylvania at Wikimedia Commons