White House, Tennessee

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White House, Tennessee
City of White House
White House Greenway
White House Greenway
"Valuing Our Future While Protecting Our Heritage"[1]
Location of White House in Robertson County, Tennessee.
Location of White House in Robertson County, Tennessee.
Coordinates: 36°28′13″N 86°39′05″W / 36.4703232°N 86.6513845°W / 36.4703232; -86.6513845Coordinates: 36°28′13″N 86°39′05″W / 36.4703232°N 86.6513845°W / 36.4703232; -86.6513845
CountryUnited States
CountiesSumner, Robertson
Named forStagecoach inn around which the town developed[2]
 • TypeMayor/Aldermen
 • MayorMichael Arnold
 • Vice Mayor & AldermenFarris Bibb
 • City AdministratorGerald O. Herman
 • Chief of PolicePatrick M. Brady
 • Total11.22 sq mi (29.05 km2)
 • Land11.22 sq mi (29.05 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation863 ft (263 m)
 • Total10,255
 • Estimate 
 • Density1,126.68/sq mi (435.03/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
Area code(s)615
FIPS code47-80200[7]
GNIS feature ID1304522[5]

White House is a city in Robertson and Sumner counties in the United States state of Tennessee. The population was 10,255 at the 2010 census. It is approximately twenty-two miles north of downtown Nashville. According to the city website a special census was conducted in 2008 that placed the city population at 9,891 residents, with 3,587 households within the city limits. The population was 10,255 at the 2010 census which showed growth of 3,000 people from 2000 to 2010. The 2019 population was 12,638.



The area that is now White House was purchased around 1828 by Richard Stone Wilks, a settler from Virginia. A trail running from Kentucky to Nashville, originally created by Native Americans, cut through the area. This trail was originally known as the Louisville & Nashville Turnpike during the mid-19th century. In 1928, the trail was renamed US Highway 31W.

Naming the town[edit]

In the mid-19th century, the Carter, Thomas, and Hough Stagecoach Company traveled the L&N Turnpike carrying passengers. A typical stop along the way was a white, two-story house built by Richard Wilks in 1829. The house was a popular stop for lodging, food, and changing out horses. President Andrew Jackson was even heard to have stayed here during his travels between his home and the White House. During this time, houses were rarely painted white, particularly in this underdeveloped area. The stage coach drivers began to call this stop and the surrounding area White House.[8]

Original White House torn down, building replaced[edit]

The monument for which the town was named was torn down in 1951 to make way for new development. However, in 1986, the community erected a replica of the original building. The reproduction, called the White House Inn Library and Museum, currently sits in the center of town next to the Fire Department. It contains the library, a museum with artifacts from the area's early years, and the city's Chamber of Commerce. In 2015, the replica White House Inn Library and Museum was turned solely into a museum and Chamber of Commerce after the city built a new library.

Growth and development[edit]

White House was incorporated in 1971.[9] Currently, the young town is experiencing population growth, economic progress, and community development, with many apartment projects and subdivisions planned for the area. There are over 800 homes planned for the area, and at least 5 apartment subdivisions are planned for the city. The city is located north of Nashville within the greater Nashville region, and is anticipated to grow rapidly in the future as a suburb of Nashville.[10]


According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 9.0 square miles (23.2 km2), all land.

White House is located along Interstate 65 at the intersection of State Highway 76 and US Highway 31W. The town, as of 2007, covers eleven square miles and is situated about 22 miles (35 km) north of downtown Nashville, lying in both Robertson and Sumner Counties.


Historical population
Census Pop.
2019 (est.)12,638[6]23.2%

2020 census[edit]

White House racial composition[12]
Race Number Percentage
White (non-Hispanic) 11,240 86.58%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 285 2.2%
Native American 28 0.22%
Asian 152 1.17%
Pacific Islander 2 0.02%
Other/Mixed 661 5.09%
Hispanic or Latino 614 4.73%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 12,982 people, 4,345 households, and 3,512 families residing in the city.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[7] of 2000, there were 7,220 people, 2,497 households, and 2,060 families residing in the city. The population density was 805.3 people per square mile (310.8/km2). There were 2,578 housing units at an average density of 287.5 per square mile (111.0/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 97.35% White, 1.33% African American, 0.25% Native American, 0.35% Asian, 0.30% from other races, and 0.42% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.02% of the population.

There were 2,497 households, out of which 48.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 71.0% were married couples living together, 8.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 17.5% were non-families. 15.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 5.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.89 and the average family size was 3.22.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 31.7% under the age of 18, 6.6% from 18 to 24, 37.8% from 25 to 44, 17.6% from 45 to 64, and 6.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $51,649, and the median income for a family was $55,731. Males had a median income of $38,448 versus $26,216 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,890. About 2.3% of families and 3.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.6% of those under age 18 and 9.0% of those age 65 or over.


White House Utilities District, Water Tower

Incorporated under the Mayor and Aldermanic charter in 1971. The town's current mayor is Mike Arnold.


Public schools[edit]

The city is split into two counties, and therefore has two public school districts. Sumner county public schools:

Robertson county public schools:

Private schools[edit]


  1. ^ "City of White House, Tennessee". City of White House, Tennessee. Retrieved August 18, 2012.
  2. ^ a b "History of White House," White House Chamber of Commerce website. Retrieved: 1 March 2013.
  3. ^ Tennessee Blue Book, 2005-2006, pp. 618-625.
  4. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 30, 2020.
  5. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: White House, Tennessee
  6. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  7. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  8. ^ "Profile for White House, Tennessee, TN". ePodunk. Retrieved August 18, 2012.
  9. ^ "White House, Tennessee". City-Data.com. Retrieved August 18, 2012.
  10. ^ "White House TN – History". White House Area Chamber of Commerce. 2016-12-06. Retrieved 2019-01-28.
  11. ^ "Census of Population and Housing: Decennial Censuses". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-03-04.
  12. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved 2021-12-26.

External links[edit]