Office of Science and Technology Policy
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|Formed||May 11, 1976|
|Headquarters||Eisenhower Executive Office Building
725 17th Street, Washington, D.C., U.S.
|Parent agency||Executive Office of the President|
|Website||Office of Science and Technology Policy|
The Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) is a department of the United States government, part of the Executive Office of the President (EOP), established by United States Congress on May 11, 1976, with a broad mandate to advise the President on the effects of science and technology on domestic and international affairs.
The director of this office is colloquially known as the President's Science Advisor. As of February 15, 2017[update], President Donald Trump is considering William Happer or David Gelernter to fill the position. Dr. John Holdren, Director, nominated in December 2008, served as Science Advisor to President Barack Obama. Holdren also co-chaired the President's Committee of Advisors on Science and Technology (PCAST) and supported the President's National Science and Technology Council (NSTC).
President Richard M. Nixon eliminated the President's Science Advisory Committee after his second Science Advisor, Edward E. David Jr., resigned in 1973, rather than appointing a replacement. The United States Congress then established the OSTP in 1976 with a broad mandate to advise the President and others within the Executive Office of the President on the effects of science and technology on domestic and international affairs. The 1976 Act also authorizes OSTP to lead inter-agency efforts to develop and to implement sound science and technology policies and budgets and to work with the private sector, state and local governments, the science and higher education communities, and other nations toward this end.
The OSTP's mission is set out in the National Science and Technology Policy, Organization, and Priorities Act of 1976 (Pub. L. 94-282). The act calls for the OSTP to serve as a source of scientific and technological analysis and judgment for the President with respect to major policies, plans, and programs of the federal government.
It further authorizes the OSTP to:
- Advise the President and others within the Executive Office of the President on the impacts of science and technology on domestic and international affairs;
- Lead an inter-agency effort to develop and implement sound science and technology policies and budgets;
- Work with the private sector to ensure Federal investments in science and technology contribute to economic prosperity, environmental quality, and national security;
- Build strong partnerships among Federal, State, and local governments, other countries, and the scientific community;
- Evaluate the scale, quality, and effectiveness of the Federal effort in science and technology.
The OSTP handles a broad range of scientific and technological issues within the Executive Office of the President. It participates in a multitude of White House Policy Coordinating Committees (PCC) that are tasked with developing policies for the federal government and are populated by senior officials from cabinet and independent agencies. The OSTP has approximately 45 staff members, most of whom are experienced scientists functioning as assistant directors or policy analysts.
- Director for the Office of Science and Technology Policy: Was John Holdren until January 2017, now vacant
- Chief Technology Officer of the United States: Megan Smith, until January 2017, now vacant
|H. Guyford Stever||Gerald Ford||1976–1977|
|Frank Press||Jimmy Carter||1977–1981|
|Benjamin Huberman (acting)||Ronald Reagan||1981|
|George A. Keyworth, II||1981–1985|
|John P. McTague (acting)||1986|
|Richard G. Johnson (acting)||1986|
|William Robert Graham||1986–1989|
|Thomas P. Rona (acting)||1989|
|William G. Wells (acting)||George H. W. Bush||1989|
|D. Allan Bromley||1989–1993|
|John H. Gibbons||Bill Clinton||1993–1998|
|Kerri-Ann Jones (acting)||1998|
|Neal F. Lane||1998–2001|
|Rosina Bierbaum (acting)||George W. Bush||2001|
|Clifford Gabriel (acting)||2001|
|John H. Marburger III||2001–2009|
|John Holdren||Barack Obama||2009–2017|
- Timmer, John. "Leading candidate for Trump's science advisor calls climate change a cult". Ars Technica. Condé Nast. Retrieved 2017-03-09.
- "President-elect Obama announces key members of Science and Technology team" (Press release). Office of the President-Elect. 2008-12-20. Retrieved 2009-06-05.
- "OSTP Leadership & Staff". Obama White House archives. Office of Science and Technology Policy. Retrieved 2017-03-09.
- "About PCAST". Obama White House archives. Office of Science and Technology Policy. Retrieved 2017-03-09.
- "About OSTP: Department Organization". OSTP.gov. Office of Science and Technology Policy. Retrieved 2008-06-21.
- Yale’s Handelsman nominated for key U.S. science post > Yale School of Medicine | Yale School of Medicine. Medicine.yale.edu (2013-08-13). Retrieved on 2014-01-14.
- "President Obama Announces More Key Administration Posts" (Press release). White House Office of the Press Secretary. 2013-07-31.
-  Archived December 14, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
- "Nominations sent to the Senate" (Press release). Office of the Press Secretary. 2009-03-10. Retrieved 2009-09-16.