White Nile rift
The White Nile rift is one of several rifts in central Sudan running in a NW direction and terminating in the Central African Shear Zone. The rift is a Cretaceous/Tertiary structure that has similar tectonic characteristics to the Southern Sudan Rift, Blue Nile rift and Atbara rift. These rifts follow similar trends, and terminate in a line at their northwestern ends. Probably this line is an extension of the Central African Shear Zone through the Sudan.
The rift basin is formed by the junction of the Umm Rubaba grabens, which extends in a NW direction, and the White Nile graben, which extends in a N to NW direction. The basin is filled with sediments and igneous rocks, and is a target for oil and gas exploration. The rift basins appear to be hydrologically closed, with no lateral transfer of water. One theory is that the current White Nile may have developed no more than 12,500 years ago when the basins filled and the rivers became connected.
- S.E. Browne, J.D. Fairhead and I.I. Mohamed (10 March 1985). "Gravity study of the White Nile Rift, Sudan, and its regional tectonic setting". Tectonophysics. 113 (1-2): 123–137. Bibcode:1985Tectp.113..123B. doi:10.1016/0040-1951(85)90113-1.
- Robert Bowen, Ulrich Jux (1987). Afro-Arabian geology: a kinematic view. Springer. p. 143. ISBN 0-412-29700-0.
- Richard C. Selley (1997). African basins. Elsevier. p. 115. ISBN 0-444-82571-1.
- "Rocks for crops: Sudan" (PDF). University of Guelph. Retrieved 2011-01-27.
- O. A. E. Abdalla. "Evapotranspiration computed by Darcy's Law: Sudan case study" (PDF). Retrieved 2011-01-27.
- Terje Tvedt (2004). The Nile: an annotated bibliography. I.B.Tauris. ISBN 1-86064-879-7.
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