White Oak, Texas

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White Oak, Texas
White Oak Municipal Building
White Oak Municipal Building
Motto(s): 
"Pride, Tradition"
Location of White Oak, Texas
Location of White Oak, Texas
Gregg County WhiteOak.svg
Coordinates: 32°31′56″N 94°51′27″W / 32.53222°N 94.85750°W / 32.53222; -94.85750Coordinates: 32°31′56″N 94°51′27″W / 32.53222°N 94.85750°W / 32.53222; -94.85750
CountryUnited States
StateTexas
CountyGregg
Area
 • Total9.14 sq mi (23.67 km2)
 • Land9.09 sq mi (23.54 km2)
 • Water0.05 sq mi (0.13 km2)
Elevation
413 ft (126 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total6,225
 • Density695.49/sq mi (268.54/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
75693
Area code903
FIPS code48-78436[2]
GNIS feature ID1349958[3]
WebsiteCity of White Oak, Texas
White Oak State Bank
Emmanuel Baptist Church is located off U.S. Highway 80 in White Oak

White Oak is a city in Gregg County, Texas, United States. It was incorporated in 1960.[4] The population was 6,225 as of 2020.[5]

History[edit]

In the late 1800s White Oak was a small farming community with three sawmills located on thick forested land. By 1884, there were 15 families living in the area and either working at the large sawmills or farming the land. A small school was built near Hawkins Creek which doubled as a church. The school burned to the ground in 1885 due to suspected arson.

A new school was established in 1887.[4] Local land owners, Andrew J. Tuttle and his father-in-law, John Bumpus, gathered a group of men in the area to erect a new school. Mr. Tuttle's uncle, Pleas Harris, and Kaleb Bumpus donated ground near a spring on which to build the new school. Local tales say Tuttle and Bumpus noticed the two White Oak trees on either side of the building after construction. It was then decided the community would be known as White Oak.[6]

The community grew during the oil boom of the 1930s, and continued to increase after World War II. The City was incorporated in 1960.[4]

Geography[edit]

White Oak is located at 32°31′56″N 94°51′27″W / 32.53222°N 94.85750°W / 32.53222; -94.85750 (32.532349, –94.857638).[7] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 9.1 square miles (24 km2), of which 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2), or 0.55%, is water.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
19601,250
19702,30084.0%
19804,41592.0%
19905,13616.3%
20005,6249.5%
20106,46915.0%
20206,225−3.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
White Oak racial composition as of 2020[9]
(NH = Non-Hispanic)[a]
Race Number Percentage
White (NH) 5,056 81.22%
Black or African American (NH) 192 3.08%
Native American or Alaska Native (NH) 41 0.66%
Asian (NH) 31 0.5%
Pacific Islander (NH) 4 0.06%
Some Other Race (NH) 13 0.21%
Mixed/Multi-Racial (NH) 329 5.29%
Hispanic or Latino 559 8.98%
Total 6,225

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 6,225 people, 2,067 households, and 1,823 families residing in the city. The population density was 693.7 people per square mile (267.8/km2). There were 2,182 housing units at an average density of 238.7 per square mile (92.2/km2). There were 2,067 households, out of which 44.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.7% were married couples living together, 11.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.4% were non-families. 17.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.81 and the average family size was 3.17.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 31.0% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 30.1% from 25 to 44, 21.6% from 45 to 64, and 9.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $43,802, and the median income for a family was $50,781. Males had a median income of $44,063 versus $2,530 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,486. About 9.9% of families and 11.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.4% of those under age 18 and 14.0% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

The vast majority of the City of White Oak is served by the White Oak Independent School District. A very small portion in the northwestern corner of White Oak is in the Gladewater Independent School District. A small section in the southeast corner of the town is in the Pine Tree Independent School District.

The school system in the area was segregated until 1966, when Black children from nearby Shiloh were permitted to enroll in White Oak schools. The Shiloh School, which had been operating since shortly after the Civil War, closed its doors after desegregation.[12]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
  2. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. ^ a b c Long, Christopher. "White Oak, TX (Gregg County)". Handbook of Texas. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 2022-08-21.
  5. ^ "Population of Cities of the United States - White Oak Texas". World Population Review. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 7, 2011.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  6. ^ "White Oak Independent School District" (PDF). Gregg County, TX Historical Commission. Retrieved 2022-08-21.
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  8. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  9. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved 2022-05-25.
  10. ^ https://www.census.gov/[not specific enough to verify]
  11. ^ "About the Hispanic Population and its Origin". www.census.gov. Retrieved 18 May 2022.
  12. ^ "Shiloh School History" (PDF). Historical Marker Research Archives. Gregg County, TX. Retrieved 2022-08-21.
  13. ^ Granberry, Michael (October 20, 2012). "Kelcy Warren emerges as one of Dallas' bold new philanthropists". The Dallas Morning News.
  1. ^ Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.[10][11]

External links[edit]