White Oleander (film)
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Peter Kosminsky|
|Produced by||Hunt Lowry
|Screenplay by||Mary Agnes Donoghue|
|Based on||White Oleander by Janet Fitch|
|Music by||Thomas Newman|
|Edited by||Chris Ridsdale|
|Distributed by||Warner Bros. Pictures|
|Box office||$21 million|
White Oleander is a 2002 American drama film directed by Peter Kosminsky. The cast stars Alison Lohman in the central role of Astrid Magnussen and Michelle Pfeiffer as her temperamental mother Ingrid, with Robin Wright, Noah Wyle and Renée Zellweger in supporting roles. The screenplay was adapted from Janet Fitch's 1999 novel White Oleander, which was selected for Oprah's Book Club in May 1999.
15 year-old Astrid Magnussen (Alison Lohman) is living in Los Angeles with her mother, the free-spirited artist Ingrid (Michelle Pfeiffer). Since her father left before she was old enough to remember him, Astrid depends heavily upon the care of her passionate but largely self-centered mother.
Ingrid's current relationship with a writer named Barry (Billy Connolly) ends when she discovers he is cheating on her with younger women. Ingrid murders him with a poison made from white oleander. Ingrid is arrested and sentenced to life in prison, leaving Astrid under the care of the state of California.
Astrid is sent to live with foster mother Starr Thomas (Robin Wright), a former stripper who is a recovering alcoholic and born-again Christian. They initially interact well, with Astrid being baptised into Starr's church. However, Ingrid is appalled at her conversion and subtly manipulates Astrid against her foster family. Astrid begins an affair with Starr's live in boyfriend Ray (Cole Hauser), which drives Starr into drinking again. After a loud argument with him, she runs into Astrid's room in a drunken rage and shoots her in the shoulder. The other children beg her not to tell who shot her, so Astrid pretends she has no clue.
Astrid spends some time recovering in a hospital before being moved to a violent group foster home. After fighting with some girls, she strikes up a friendship with fellow artist Paul Trout (Patrick Fugit).
Eventually, Astrid is placed in the care of Claire Richards (Renée Zellweger), a former actress, and her producer husband Mark (Noah Wyle). Claire is a sweet, affectionate woman who forms a close bond with Astrid. One day, Astrid comes home to find a letter from her mother to Claire. She confronts Claire only to find out that it has been going on for a while and that they plan on meeting. Claire accompanies Astrid on a visit to Ingrid in prison. The jealous Ingrid exploits Claire's low self-esteem and suspicions over Mark's fidelity, much to Astrid's outrage. During a bad argument with Mark, she agrees to send Astrid back to try and save her marriage. After a tender conversation where they cuddled in bed together, Claire unexpectedly commits suicide, devastating Astrid.
Astrid visits her mother to inform her of Claire's death, that she was returned to MAC and that she will never visit her again. Paul is still there and tells her that when he turns 18 that weekend he will move to New York. He asks Astrid to accompany him but she refuses.
Astrid passes up better foster parent candidates and chooses to live with a Russian immigrant, Rena (Svetlana Efremova), who treats her foster children as cheap laborers for her swap meet business. During her time with Rena, she becomes colder and colder with her appearance matching her insides. She is approached by her mother's attorney (Kali Rocha), a woman taken in by her mother's charm. She offers Astrid anything she wants in exchange for lying for her mother in court since her mother has benefactors. After refusing, Rena tells her that she's stupid to do so since a car and art school cost money. She then offers her to be her partner in their business since she has nowhere better to go. When Astrid refuses, Rena tells her to use her mother like her mother wants to use her.
Astrid visits her mother, astonishing her with her appearance. She is no longer blond, but has black hair, harsh makeup and dark clothes. Astrid realizes Rena was right and demands answers about her past in exchange for testifying that she killed Barry in self-defense. Astrid hammers her with questions about Barry, her father, Claire and who Annie was. Ingrid admits to leaving her with Annie for around a year and that her father came looking for her when she was 8, but Ingrid turned him away for leaving them 7 years before. Ingrid claims she would take all she has done back, but when Astrid begs her to not make her testify, she refuses.
Astrid goes to a comic book shop looking for letters from Paul. He soon shows up by bus in Los Angeles with her waiting for him. He accompanies her to her mother's trial as she waits to testify. The courtroom lets out and a curious Astrid goes to see what is going on. She questions her mother's attorney and finds out that she was instructed her to leave her alone. Her mother spots her in the courtroom and they stare at one another as she is led away. Gutted, Astrid stares out the window as her mother is taken back to the bus to return to prison. Paul asks what happened and she exhales that her mother let her go.
Two years later, a once again blond Astrid has created a life in New York City with Paul. She is last seen tending to her art; suitcases depicting all she has been through. As she passes them, she closes each, stating she will never visit the horrors they contain again.
- Alison Lohman as Astrid Magnussen
- Michelle Pfeiffer as Ingrid Magnussen
- Robin Wright as Starr Thomas
- Renée Zellweger as Claire Richards
- Amy Aquino as Ms. Martinez
- Billy Connolly as Barry Kolker
- Svetlana Efremova as Rena Gruschenko
- Patrick Fugit as Paul Trout
- Noah Wyle as Mark Richards
Differences between novel and screenplay
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There are a number of crucial differences between the book and movie.
- Astrid is 12 years old at the beginning of the novel. In the film, she is 15.
- Ingrid is a poet in the novel but a photographer in the film.
- Ingrid is released from jail after winning her appeal in the novel. In the film she remains imprisoned. In both cases, she chooses to spare her daughter from testifying.
- In the novel, Astrid lives in five foster homes and a group home, staying with Starr, Ray, and Starr's children; Marvel and Ed Turlock; Amelia Ramos; Claire and Ron Richards; MacLaren Children's Center (known as "Mac"); and Rena Grushenka. In the movie, she lives in three foster homes and McKinney Hall.
- In the novel, Astrid does not live with Olivia Johnston (the Turlocks' neighbor).
- In the novel, Astrid is attacked by dogs and scarred for life; this does not happen in the film.
- In the novel, Amelia Ramos starves Astrid and her foster sisters; this does not happen in the film.
- Ray is almost 50 in the book, but in his 30s in the film.
- In the novel, Claire's husband is named Ron; in the movie, he is renamed Mark.
- In the novel, Astrid becomes highly attached to Barry, to the extent that she dreams of Ingrid's marrying him and Barry's asking Astrid to call him "Dad". In the film, Ingrid's relationship with Barry is heavily condensed, and Astrid's emotional attachment to Barry is only hinted at when she tells Davey she might have saved his life.
- In the novel, Astrid and Paul move to Berlin, Germany. In the movie, they move to New York.
- In the novel, Astrid has an affair with Rena's boyfriend, Sergei. He isn't in the film.
- In the novel, Astrid remembers Annie – her former babysitter – after taking acid with her friend Niki. In the movie, Astrid remembers Annie on her own and often draws portraits of her.
- In the novel, Astrid tracks down her father, who is disappointingly ordinary despite his creative talents. The movie makes no mention of this.
Stephen Holden, writing for the New York Times, called it a "rich, turbulent adaptation," and described the performances as "superbly acted from top to bottom." Comparing it to other films on the same theme – Anywhere but Here (1999), Tumbleweeds (1999), and The Divine Secrets of the Ya-Ya Sisterhood (2002) – Holden found White Oleander to be the only one to show "how children instinctively absorb their parents' attitudes and personalities." Roger Ebert, writing for the Chicago Sun-Times, wrote, "White Oleander tells a sad story of crime and foster homes, and makes it look like the movie version. The film takes the materials of human tragedy and dresses them in lovely costumes, Southern California locations and star power." Andrew Sarris, writing for The Observer, named it as a runner-up on his list of the ten best English-language films of 2002.
The performances were widely acclaimed, particularly those of Pfeiffer and Lohman. The New York Times called Pfeiffer's role the "most complex screen performance of her career... at once irresistible and diabolical", while the Los Angeles Times singled out her "riveting, impeccable performance in what is literally and figuratively a killer role." Variety described it as a "daring, unsympathetic performance". Lohman's work was variously described as "the year's most auspicious screen acting début", a "tremendously weighty and extended role... [taken on] with great confidence" and an "awesome performance".
Pfeiffer won the Kansas City Film Critics Circle Award for Best Supporting Actress and the San Diego Film Critics Society Award for Best Supporting Actress, and received a nomination for the Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Supporting Actress.
Zellweger was nominated for the Satellite Award for Best Supporting Actress – Motion Picture.
Lohman was nominated for the Phoenix Film Critics Society Award for Best Newcomer.
Umbrella Entertainment released White Oleander on DVD in December 2011. The DVD is compatible with all region codes and includes special features such as the theatrical trailer, interviews with the cast and creators, behind the scenes footage and audio commentary with Peter Kosminsky, John Wells and Janet Fitch.
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- "White Oleander by Janet Fitch". Oprah's Book Club.
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- "White Oleander Movie Reviews, Pictures". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved April 5, 2010.
- "White Oleander reviews at Metacritic.com". Metacritic. Retrieved April 5, 2010.
- Holden, Stephen (October 11, 2002). "Movie Review – 'White Oleander' – Slowly, a Princess Turns Into an Urchin". The New York Times.
- Ebert, Roger (October 11, 2002). "White Oleander". Chicago Sun Times.
- Sarris, Andrew. "The Best Films of 2002, and a few Honorable Mentions". The Observer. Retrieved April 5, 2010.
- Turan, Kenneth (October 11, 2002). "'White Oleander' – MOVIE REVIEW". Los Angeles Times.
- Koehler, Robert (September 7, 2002). "White Oleander Movie Review". Variety.
- "White Oleander (2002) – Awards". imdb.com. Retrieved April 5, 2010.
- "White Oleander". Umbrella Entertainment. Retrieved May 21, 2013.