White Rabbit (song)
|Single by Jefferson Airplane|
|from the album Surrealistic Pillow|
|B-side||"Plastic Fantastic Lover"|
|Released||June 24, 1967|
|Recorded||November 3, 1966|
|Studio||RCA, Hollywood, California, U.S.|
|Jefferson Airplane singles chronology|
"White Rabbit" is a song written by Grace Slick and recorded by the American rock band Jefferson Airplane for their 1967 album Surrealistic Pillow. It was released as a single and became the band's second top-10 success, peaking at number eight on the Billboard Hot 100. The song was ranked number 478 on Rolling Stone's list of the 500 Greatest Songs of All Time, Number 116 on Rate Your Music's Top Singles of All Time, and appears on The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame's 500 Songs that Shaped Rock and Roll.
"White Rabbit" was written and performed by Grace Slick while she was still with the Great Society. Slick quit them and joined Jefferson Airplane to replace their departing female singer, Signe Toly Anderson, who left the band with the birth of her child. The first album Slick recorded with Jefferson Airplane was Surrealistic Pillow, and Slick provided two songs from her previous group: her own "White Rabbit" and "Somebody to Love", written by her brother-in-law Darby Slick and recorded under the title "Someone to Love" by the Great Society. The Great Society's version of "White Rabbit" was much longer than the more aggressive version of Jefferson Airplane. Both songs became top-10 hits for Jefferson Airplane and have ever since been associated with that band.
Lyrics and composition
"White Rabbit" is one of Grace Slick's earliest songs, written during either late 1965 or early 1966. It uses imagery found in the fantasy works of Lewis Carroll—1865's Alice's Adventures in Wonderland and its 1871 sequel Through the Looking-Glass—such as changing size after taking pills or drinking an unknown liquid.
Slick said the composition was supposed to be a slap to parents who read their children such novels and then wondered why their children later used drugs. Characters Slick referenced include Alice, the White Rabbit, the hookah-smoking caterpillar, the White Knight, the Red Queen, and the Dormouse. Slick reportedly wrote the song after an acid trip. For Slick, "White Rabbit" "is about following your curiosity. The White Rabbit is your curiosity". For her and others in the 1960s, drugs were a part of mind expansion and social experimentation. With its enigmatic lyrics, "White Rabbit" became one of the first songs to sneak drug references past censors on the radio. Even Marty Balin, Slick's eventual rival in Jefferson Airplane, regarded the song as a "masterpiece". In interviews, Slick has related that Alice in Wonderland was often read to her as a child and remained a vivid memory well into her adulthood.
In an interview with The Wall Street Journal, Slick mentioned that, in addition to Alice in Wonderland, her other inspiration for the song was Ravel's Boléro. Like Boléro, "White Rabbit" is essentially one long crescendo. The music combined with the song's lyrics strongly suggests the sensory distortions experienced with hallucinogens, and the song was later used in pop culture to imply or accompany just such a state.
- Grace Slick – vocals
- Jorma Kaukonen – lead guitar
- Paul Kantner – rhythm guitar
- Jack Casady – bass
- Spencer Dryden – drums
Many artists have covered the song. Among the more notable examples are:
- Guitarist George Benson's jazz version from 1971, featuring an electric piano solo by Herbie Hancock.
- A single released in 1980 by punk/gothic rock band the Damned.
- The 1985 cover by the Zarkons, a new name at the time for the Southern California punk bank The Alley Cats.
- The 1987 cover by American metal band Sanctuary on their 1987 debut album Refuge Denied.
- The 1993 cover by industrial rock group Death Method for the various artists compilation album Shut Up Kitty.
- A 1996 version by Icelandic singer-songwriter Emilíana Torrini, used in the soundtrack for the 2011 film Sucker Punch.
- Born For Bliss covered the song in 1997 on their album Flowing with the Flue.
- The 2002 album Don't Know When I'll Be Back Again: A Compilation Benefiting American Veterans of the Vietnam War contains a cover by the band Enon.
- Blue Man Group used the song in their stage production and put it into their 2003 album, The Complex.
- Patti Smith covered the song in 2007 on her album Twelve.
- Collide contributed a DnB-remix version for the soundtrack of Resident Evil: Extinction in 2007.
- Ladyhawke performed a cover on Triple J's "Like a Version" radio show in 2012.
- Paul Kalkbrenner used the lyrics in his 2015 remix of the song named "Feed Your Head".
- Joe Hawley of the band Tally Hall covered the song for his solo album Joe Hawley Joe Hawley in 2016.
- Pop-rock singer Pink has covered the song in 2016 for the Disney movie Alice Through the Looking Glass without the version appearing on the soundtrack. Instead, her version appeared as a bonus track on the Japanese edition of her 2017 album, Beautiful Trauma.
- Haley Reinhart covered the song on her 2017 album What's That Sound?.
- Swedish artist Loreen uses to perform the song live.
- Grace Potter and the Nocturnals covered the song on the concept album Almost Alice.
- Myers, Marc (May 31, 2016). "How Jefferson Airplane's Grace Slick Wrote 'White Rabbit'". International Times. Retrieved July 21, 2016.
- "Top 100 Music Hits, Top 100 Music Charts, Top 100 Songs & The Hot 100". Billboard.com. Retrieved July 8, 2011.
- "The RS 500 Greatest Songs of All Time". December 9, 2004. Archived from the original on June 22, 2008. Retrieved August 7, 2011.
- "Top Singles of All-time". Rate Your Music. Retrieved October 30, 2012.
- "Darby Slick Puts Original Lyrics Up For Sale". Jambands.com.
- "Billboard – Jefferson Airplane". Billboard.com.
- Tamarkin, Jeff, ed. (2003). Got a revolution!:the turublent flight of Jefferson Airplane. Atria. p. 113. ISBN 0-671-03403-0. Retrieved April 30, 2011.
- "Biography – Grace Slick". Jeffersonairplane.com. Archived from the original on 2017-05-07. Retrieved 2015-01-31.
- "White Rabbit Lyrics". Metrolyrics.com.
- Hughes, Rob (October 29, 2016). "The Story Behind The Song: White Rabbit by Jefferson Airplane". TEAMROCK.COM. Retrieved 2017-08-02.
- Myers, Marc. "She Went Chasing Rabbits". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved August 2, 2016.
- Robert Dimery (1 October 2015). 1001 Songs You Must Hear Before You Die (First ed.). Cassell. ISBN 978-1844038800.
- "Item Display - RPM - Library and Archives Canada". Collectionscanada.gc.ca. 1967-08-05. Retrieved 2018-01-14.
- Joel Whitburn's Top Pop Singles 1955-1990 - ISBN 0-89820-089-X
- "Cash Box Top 100 8/12/67". Tropicalglen.com. Archived from the original on 28 November 2018. Retrieved 12 May 2019.
- "Nederlandse Top 40 – Jefferson Airplane" (in Dutch). Dutch Top 40. Retrieved December 10, 2018.
- "RPM Top 100 Singles of 1967". Collectionscanada.gc.ca. Archived from the original on 12 August 2016. Retrieved 12 May 2019.
- "Top 100 Hits of 1967/Top 100 Songs of 1967". Musicoutfitters.com. Retrieved 12 May 2019.
- "Cash Box YE Pop Singles - 1967". Tropicalglen.com. Retrieved 12 May 2019.[permanent dead link]
- Hoffmann, Frank (1983). The Cash Box Singles Charts, 1950–1981. Metuchen, NJ & London: The Scarecrow Press, Inc. p. 303.
- "The Zarkons - Riders In The Long Black Parade". Discogs.com. Retrieved 12 May 2019.
- "Ladyhawke - 'White Rabbit' (Jefferson Airplane cover triple j's Like A Version)". YouTube. 2012-07-20. Retrieved 2019-03-24.
- "Tim Burton's Alice in Wonderland Soundtrack Track List Released". Flavorwire. 2010-01-12. Retrieved 2019-06-15.
- Song Review: White Rabbit, Allmusic.
- IMDB Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas Reference
- IMDB Sucker Punch Reference
- Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics
- White Rabbit, by Jefferson Airplane with Grace Slick on vocals. From The Smothers Brothers Comedy Hour (1967). Licensed to YouTube. (video - 2:29 minutes)
- White Rabbit, by Jefferson Starship with Cathy Richardson on lead vocals, Paul Kantner, David Freiberg, Donny Baldwin, Slick Aguilar, Chris Smith, Marty Balin. From the 2012 PBS Special, My Music: 60s Pop, Rock and Soul. Via YouTube. (video - 2:45 minutes)