White River, Mpumalanga

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White River
A street in White River
A street in White River
White River is located in Mpumalanga
White River
White River
 White River shown within Mpumalanga
White River is located in South Africa
White River
White River
White River (South Africa)
White River is located in Africa
White River
White River
White River (Africa)
Coordinates: 25°19′S 31°01′E / 25.317°S 31.017°E / -25.317; 31.017Coordinates: 25°19′S 31°01′E / 25.317°S 31.017°E / -25.317; 31.017
Country South Africa
Province Mpumalanga
District Ehlanzeni
Municipality Mbombela
 • Total 60.55 km2 (23.38 sq mi)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 16,639
 • Density 270/km2 (710/sq mi)
Racial makeup (2011)[1]
 • Black African 32.5%
 • Coloured 4.3%
 • Indian/Asian 2.5%
 • White 60.3%
 • Other 0.4%
First languages (2011)[1]
 • Afrikaans 42.2%
 • English 28.7%
 • Swazi 16.1%
 • Tsonga 3.0%
 • Other 10.0%
Time zone SAST (UTC+2)
Postal code (street) 1240
PO box 1240

White River (Afrikaans: Witrivier) is a small holiday and farming town situated just north of Nelspruit in Mpumalanga, South Africa. The farms in the region produce tropical fruits, vegetables, flowers and timber.


After the Boer War the British demarcated land on the Emanzimhlope River, a tributary of the Crocodile River. Emanzimhlope translates from the Swazi as 'White Waters'.

Lord Milner (administrator of the defeated Transvaal) tasked his attache, Tom Lawrence, to demarcate land on the 'Emanzimhlope' - a tributary of the Crocodile River - to demobilised British Anglo-Boer War soldiers. The longest street in town is still named after Lawrence, who was the first manager of the new settlement.

The farming tradition of the community that settled here after the Anglo-Boer War has remained virtually unchanged to this day. After a 26 km canal to channel water from the river was built, the new settlers planted fruit trees and established new cultivation methods.


The agriculture involves largely the production of tropical fruits, vegetables, flowers and timber and tobacco, and is one of the most fertile in the province.

White River, with three irrigation dams and a number of nearby forests, is a popular holiday destination for those looking to visit the Crocodile River Valley, and the town has a reputation for its arts and crafts. One of the attractions for the art scene is Casterbridge Lifestyle Center situated on the outskirts of the city. Once a mango plantation it now sports a cinema, art exhibitions in its various art galleries, theater plays, concerts, a vintage motor museum and various restaurants.[2] Within the town is the Hoërskool Rob Ferreira High School.


White River lies 20 km north of Nelspruit not far from the border with Kruger National Park. White River has a population of 16,639[1] and is located in an area of considerable scenic beauty. Compared to other parts of South Africa, the climate is neither excessively hot in summer when rainfall is at its highest, nor overly cold during the sunny winters. The farms tend to be relatively small but the agriculture is intensive with tropical and citrus fruits in abundance, and vegetables and cut flowers readily available.

Data collected by climate-data[3]
Climate Data for Nelspruit
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Average high °C (°F) 27.5 (81.5) 27.4 (81.3) 26.5 (79.7) 25.2 (77.4) 23.4 (74.1) 21.7 (71.1) 21.1 (70.0) 23.1 (73.6) 24.7 (76.5) 26.1 (79.0) 26.3 (79.3) 27.0 (80.6)
Average low °C (°F) 17.0 (62.6) 16.9 (62.4) 15.8 (60.4) 13.6 (56.5) 9.6 (49.3) 7.1 (44.8) 6.6 (43.9) 8.6 (47.5) 11.0 (51.8) 13.7 (56.7) 15.2 (59.4) 16.4 (61.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 171 (6.7) 156 (6.1) 124 (4.9) 57 (2.2) 24 (0.9) 13 (0.5) 15 (0.6) 14 (0.5) 37 (1.5) 77 (3.0) 130 (5.12) 150 (5.9)

White River is 46 km from Hazyview, one of the easiest access points to the world-famous Kruger National Park.