White River springfish

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White River springfish
Crenichthys baileyi moapae
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Cyprinodontiformes
Family: Goodeidae
Genus: Crenichthys
C. baileyi
Binomial name
Crenichthys baileyi

Cyprinodon macularius baileyi Gilbert, 1893

The White River springfish (Crenichthys baileyi) is a species of fish in the family Goodeidae, the splitfins. It is a rare species of the Great Basin of western United States, where it is endemic to isolated warm springs in the White River drainage of eastern Nevada.[1]

Each side has two rows of dark blotches. The pelvic fins are entirely absent, while the anal fin is large, with 14 rays. The dorsal fin is set far back on the body, just above the anal fin, and is somewhat smaller than the anal fin, with 11 rays.


FishBase records five subspecies:[2]

  • Crenichthys baileyi albivallis J. E. Williams & Wilde, 1981 – Preston White River springfish
  • Crenichthys baileyi baileyi (C. H. Gilbert, 1893) – White River springfish
  • Crenichthys baileyi grandis J. E. Williams & Wilde, 1981 – Hiko White River springfish
  • Crenichthys baileyi moapae J. E. Williams & Wilde, 1981 – Moapa White River springfish
  • Crenichthys baileyi thermophilus J. E. Williams & Wilde, 1981 – Mormon White River springfish


The genus name is a compound of creno meaning "spring", a reference to the desert springs this species occurs in, and ichthys which is Greek for "fish". The specific name honours the American ethnologist and naturalist Vernon Orlando Bailey (1864-1942), who co-collected the type along with C. Hart Merriam.[3]


  1. ^ a b NatureServe (2014). "Crenichthys baileyi". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2014: e.T5515A15362603. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2014-3.RLTS.T5515A15362603.en. Retrieved 19 November 2021.
  2. ^ Froese, R. and D. Pauly, Eds. Crenichthys. FishBase. 2016.
  3. ^ Christopher Scharpf; Kenneth J. Lazara (26 April 2019). "Order CYPRINODONTIFORMES: Families PANTANODONTIDAE, CYPRINODONTIDAE, PROFUNDULIDAE, GOODEIDAE, FUNDULIDAE and FLUVIPHYLACIDAE". The ETYFish Project Fish Name Etymology Database. Christopher Scharpf and Kenneth J. Lazara. Retrieved 17 September 2019.


  • Sigler, W. F. and J. W. Sigler. Fishes of the Great Basin (Reno: University of Nevada Press, 1987), pp. 260–262
  • La Rivers, I. Fishes and Fisheries of Nevada (Nevada State Fish and Game Commission, 1962) pp. 512–516
  • Williams, J. E. and G. R. Wilde. (1981). Taxonomic status and morphology of isolated populations of the white river springfish, Crenichthys baileyi (Cyprinodontidae). Southwest. Nat. 485–503.

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