White bellbird

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White bellbird
Procnias albus - White bellbird (male).JPG
male at Carajás National Forest, State of Pará, Brazil.
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Cotingidae
Genus: Procnias
Species:
P. albus
Binomial name
Procnias albus
(Hermann, 1783)

The white bellbird (Procnias albus) is a species of bird in the family Cotingidae. The specific epithet is often spelled alba, but albus is correct due to the gender of genus. It is found in forests in the Guianas, with small numbers in Venezuela and the Brazilian state of Pará. Only the male is white; the female is overall olive with yellowish streaks below and resembles other bellbirds. As in two other members of Procnias, the males have wattles, fleshy structures akin to the red skin flap that hangs from the throat of roosters.

According to a study published in 2019, the white bellbird makes the loudest call ever recorded for birds, reaching 125 dB.[2][3] The record was previously held by the screaming piha with 116 dB.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ BirdLife International (2012). "Procnias albus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
  2. ^ Jeffrey Podos; Mario Cohn-Haft (21 October 2019). "Extremely loud mating songs at close range in white bellbirds". Current Biology. 29 (20): R1068–R1069. doi:10.1016/j.cub.2019.09.028. PMID 31639347.
  3. ^ "World's 'loudest bird': Meet the white bellbird". Newsbeat (video). BBC News. 22 October 2019.
  4. ^ NEMETH, ERWIN (2004-01-01). "Measuring the Sound Pressure Level of the Song of the Screaming Piha Lipaugus Vociferans: One of the Loudest Birds in the World?". Bioacoustics. 14 (3): 225–228. doi:10.1080/09524622.2004.9753527. ISSN 0952-4622.

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