Whitefish, Montana

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Whitefish
Looking north from downtown Whitefish
Looking north from downtown Whitefish
Official seal of Whitefish
Motto(s): 
"Montana's outdoor recreation playground"[1]
Location of Whitefish, Montana
Location of Whitefish, Montana
Coordinates: 48°24′42″N 114°20′24″W / 48.41167°N 114.34000°W / 48.41167; -114.34000Coordinates: 48°24′42″N 114°20′24″W / 48.41167°N 114.34000°W / 48.41167; -114.34000
CountryUnited States
StateMontana
CountyFlathead
Government
 • MayorJohn Mhulfeld
 • City ManagerDana Smith
Area
 • Total12.32 sq mi (31.92 km2)
 • Land6.95 sq mi (18.00 km2)
 • Water5.37 sq mi (13.91 km2)
Elevation
3,028 ft (923 m)
Population
 • Total7,751
 • Density1,115.25/sq mi (430.61/km2)
Time zoneUTC−7 (Mountain (MST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC−6 (MDT)
ZIP code
59937
Area code(s)406 Exchanges: 862,863
FIPS code30-79825
GNIS feature ID0793219
WebsiteOfficial website
[4]

Whitefish (Salish: epɫx̣ʷy̓u, "has whitefish"[5]) is a town in Flathead County, Montana, United States. According to the 2020 United States Census, there were 7,751 people in the town.[3]

History[edit]

Long before the first Europeans came to Whitefish, native American tribes inhabited the area, most notably the Kootenai, the Pend d’Oreille, and the Bitterroot Salish. The Kootenai lived in the area for more than 14,000 years, inhabiting the mountainous terrain west of the Continental Divide, and traveled east of the divide for occasional buffalo hunts.[6] Though trappers, traders, and waves of westward immigrants passed through the area during the second half of the century, it wasn’t until 1883 that the first permanent settler, John Morton built a cabin on the shore of Whitefish Lake, just west of the mouth of the Whitefish River. Morton was joined by the local logging industry forefathers—including the Baker and Hutchinson brothers—in the early 1890s. Logging crews “boomed-up” their logs behind a dam built at the river mouth by the Boston & Montana Commercial Company, which, when opened, created a rush of water that helped float the logs down the river to Kalispell.[6]

Whitefish Depot

The Great Northern Railway was built through what is now Whitefish in 1904, which sparked the development of the town. The town incorporated in 1905.[7] The area was originally known as Stumptown due to the abundant amount of timber that had to be cleared to build the town and railroad and because tree stumps were left in the streets throughout downtown.[8] Early residents of the town worked for the railroad and nearby logging industries.[9] In 2006, over 68,000 passengers embarked and disembarked through the historic Whitefish Depot, a stop on Amtrak's Empire Builder line,[10] with some percentage of those headed to the ski resort on Big Mountain.

Skiing has been part of the Whitefish area for more than 50 years. In 1937, the Whitefish Lake Ski Club obtained a special permit from the U.S. Forest Service enabling them to build cabins and trails in the Hell Roaring Creek region. Great Falls businesspeople Ed Schenck and George Prentice recognized the area’s potential and, after World War II, began efforts to develop a full-fledged ski resort on the mountain with local people donating labor, preparing the slopes, even giving up free time to help push through an all-weather mountain road. On December 14, 1947, Schenck, Prentice, and a thousand townsfolk stood on the newly christened ski resort's slopes to watch the brand new T-Bar lift bring their community vision to life.[11]

The town started a curfew siren in 1919 that they called the "ding-dong ordinance". The historic siren was restored onto the new city hall.[12]

Geography[edit]

The town is located on the western side of the continental divide, near Glacier National Park. Whitefish Lake is a 5.2 square miles (13 km2) natural lake with maximum length 5.8 miles (9.3 km) and width 1.4 miles (2.3 km) and is 233 feet (71 m) at its deepest. The Whitefish River bisects the town of Whitefish as it courses south by southeast to briefly join the Stillwater River before its flows enter the Flathead River.[13]

The historic district of Whitefish is a neighborhood called "The Avenues".[14] This neighborhood is bordered by East 2nd Street to the north, Kalispell Avenue to the west, East 7th Street to the south, and Pine Avenue to the east. It is next to downtown, with many of its houses on the historic registry.

Climate[edit]

According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Whitefish has a humid continental climate, abbreviated "Dfb" on climate maps. Large seasonal temperature differences typify this climatic region, with warm to hot (and often humid) summers and cold (sometimes severely cold) winters.[15]

Climate data for Whitefish, Montana (1981–2010 normals)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 50
(10)
63
(17)
74
(23)
79
(26)
89
(32)
95
(35)
103
(39)
100
(38)
94
(34)
80
(27)
69
(21)
48
(9)
103
(39)
Average high °F (°C) 29.3
(−1.5)
34.5
(1.4)
43.5
(6.4)
54.3
(12.4)
63.4
(17.4)
70.4
(21.3)
80.3
(26.8)
79.9
(26.6)
68.0
(20.0)
53.2
(11.8)
37.4
(3.0)
28.2
(−2.1)
53.5
(12.0)
Daily mean °F (°C) 22.5
(−5.3)
25.2
(−3.8)
33.1
(0.6)
42.1
(5.6)
50.8
(10.4)
57.7
(14.3)
64.9
(18.3)
64
(18)
53.6
(12.0)
41.8
(5.4)
30.6
(−0.8)
21.9
(−5.6)
42.4
(5.8)
Average low °F (°C) 15.6
(−9.1)
15.8
(−9.0)
22.7
(−5.2)
29.9
(−1.2)
38.2
(3.4)
44.9
(7.2)
49.5
(9.7)
48.1
(8.9)
39.2
(4.0)
30.4
(−0.9)
23.9
(−4.5)
15.6
(−9.1)
31.1
(−0.5)
Record low °F (°C) −26
(−32)
−27
(−33)
−15
(−26)
11
(−12)
19
(−7)
28
(−2)
32
(0)
30
(−1)
19
(−7)
0
(−18)
−13
(−25)
−33
(−36)
−33
(−36)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 1.74
(44)
1.29
(33)
1.26
(32)
1.46
(37)
2.23
(57)
3.23
(82)
1.66
(42)
1.23
(31)
1.45
(37)
1.13
(29)
1.89
(48)
1.98
(50)
20.55
(522)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 17
(43)
8.4
(21)
7.2
(18)
1.7
(4.3)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.3
(0.76)
7.6
(19)
22.8
(58)
65
(170)
Source 1: The Weather Channel[16]
Source 2: NOAA[17]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890640
1900446−30.3%
1910417−6.5%
192057437.6%
19305750.2%
194085849.2%
19501,02519.5%
19601,51948.2%
19703,349120.5%
19803,70310.6%
19904,36818.0%
20005,03215.2%
20106,35726.3%
20207,75121.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[18][3]
View from the top of Big Mountain, near Whitefish, in winter

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[19] of 2000, there were 5,032 people, 2,229 households, and 1,203 families living in the city. The population density was 1,138.5 people per square mile (439.6/km2). There were 2,652 housing units at an average density of 600.0 per square mile (231.7/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 95.97% White, 0.14% African American, 1.11% Native American, 0.58% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.72% from other races, and 1.43% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.93% of the population.

There were 2,229 households, out of which 26.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.2% were married couples living together, 9.8% had a female householder with no male present, and 46.0% were non-families. 34.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.20, and the average family size was 2.86.

The population was spread out in the city, with 21.6% under 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 32.9% from 25 to 44, 22.5% from 45 to 64, and 14.4% 65. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $33,038, and the median income for a family was $41,009. Males had a median income of $36,298 versus $19,583 for females. The per capita income for the city was $24,098. About 13.8% of families and 18.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 32.9% of those under age 18 and 12.7% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[20] of 2010, there were 6,357 people, 2,982 households, and 1,562 families living in the city. The population density was 988.6 inhabitants per square mile (381.7/km2). There were 4,086 housing units at an average density of 635.5 per square mile (245.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 95.8% White, 0.5% African American, 0.8% Native American, 0.8% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.3% from other races, and 1.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.8% of the population.

There were 2,982 households, of which 24.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.1% were married couples living together, 8.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 47.6% were non-families. 36.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.10, and the average family size was 2.77.

The median age in the city was 40.1 years. 19.6% of residents were under 18; 7.1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 30.2% were from 25 to 44; 28.9% were from 45 to 64, and 14.3% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 50.3% male and 49.7% female.

2019 American Community Survey Estimate[edit]

As of 2019, according to the Census' American Community Survey estimates, [21] of 2019, there were 7,714 people, 3,332 households in the city. The median age was 41 years old. The median yearly salary was 52,037 dollars, the home average value was 364,500 dollars, 54.7% had a college degree, and 9.5% were veterans who served in wartime higher than the national average. The population was 97% White, 2% Hispanic, and 1% Native American. [22]

Arts, culture and sports[edit]

Whitefish is known for its environmentalism, with an extensive system of protected trails and forests designed to purify the town's water.[23] It has been ranked one of the top places for skiing in the United States.[24] The town has been labeled as a "model of resistance" against hate and racism.[25][26][27]

Annual cultural events[edit]

Huckleberry Days Arts Festival is an annual arts festival featuring 100 artists and food vendors. The event includes a huckleberry dessert bake-off contest.[28]

The Taste of Whitefish is an annual event that has been held for more than twenty-five years. The event features over twenty-five restaurants, caterers and beverage companies offering samples of their specialties.[29][30]

The Whitefish Winter Carnival is an annual winter festival celebrating winter topics with a parade, "penguin plunge" into Whitefish Lake, and snow sculptures. It is held the first weekend in February each year.[31]

Under the Big Sky Music Festival takes place annually in Whitefish. The festival explores the breadth and legacy of America, with both traditional and contemporary takes on America's rich musical traditions, across two stages in naturally formed amphitheaters on a local ranch.[32]

The Whitefish Arts Festival (WAF) occurs over the 4th of July weekend and is a tradition going back over forty years. It is a favorite throughout the Northwest and maintains a long tradition of high-quality arts and fine crafts. Artists from across the country are represented in the WAF. Metal sculptures, paintings and photography, woodworking, pottery, jewelry, clothing, and home decorations are just some of the featured fine arts. All of the art is handmade.[33]

The annual Whitefish Trail Hootenanny occurs in downtown Whitefish to celebrate and support the public land and trails that ring the town. It includes live music and local culinary specialties to raise funds to protect public land.[34]

Every year Whitefish hosts a songwriter retreat called Nashville Heads West. This retreat brings Nashville-based songwriters to Whitefish to River Meadow Ranch for one week of writing songs with the added inspiration "of being under Montana’s big sky."[35]

Whitefish sports[edit]

The Whitefish Trail Legacy Run is an annual ultra trail race to celebrate the unique public trail system. It includes a 50-kilometer ultra-marathon and a 1/2 marathon, a 10-kilometer, and a 5-kilometer race. It takes place in the first week of October in conjunction with the Oktoberfest celebration.[36]

The World Indoor Golf Championship has been held in Whitefish for over sixteen years and is a 9-hole "miniature golf" tournament in downtown Whitefish.[37]

The Glacier Challenge is a six-leg, multi-sport relay covering 50 miles of Montana. The race features six legs of running, biking, canoeing, and kayaking covering almost 50 miles in and around Whitefish. A triathlon has recently been added to include the first three legs of the Glacier Challenge. Participants enter as a solo team, partner duo, or group team. The 50 miles race consists of an 8-mile run, kayak, road bike, mountain bike, canoe, and 3.1-mile run. There are also food vendors, activities for children, and music.[38]

Government and politics[edit]

Whitefish's government system consists of a city council with six council members and a mayor and city manager. As of March 2020, the mayor was John Muhlfeld and the current city manager is Dana Smith.[39][40]

Education[edit]

The Whitefish School District serves Whitefish. Schools in the district include Muldown Elementary School, Whitefish Middle School. Whitefish High School and Whitefish Independent High School. Whitefish School District offers students K-12 a wide range of academic supplements, for example, online Virtual High School and dual credit opportunity through Flathead Valley Community College.[41] Whitefish High School is known as the Bulldogs.[42]

Whitefish High School is home to numerous state championship teams; the most recent is the girl's cross country team. They have won four consecutive titles. Other state athletic accomplishments have been made in football, girls and boys golf, volleyball, boys and girls basketball, boys and girls track and field, girls softball, boys and girls tennis, speech, and debate.[43]

Whitefish Community Library is a public library in the town.[44]

Media[edit]

Whitefish is part of the Missoula media market, which covers a seven-county area of northwestern Montana. The city's main newspaper is The Whitefish Pilot, while the Flathead Beacon, a regional newspaper for the Flathead Valley based in Kalispell, publishes Whitefish Area News.[45] Three radio stations are licensed to Whitefish, all owned by Bee Broadcasting, Inc.: KJJR 880 AM, KSAM 1240 AM, and KWOL-FM 105.1.

Infrastructure[edit]

Medical[edit]

The Kalispell Regional Medical Center is the county's largest hospital and serves the area.[46]

North Valley Hospital is a private nonprofit general medicine and surgical Critical Access Hospital located in Whitefish and is affiliated with Kalispell Regional Medical Center.[47][48]

Transportation[edit]

US 93 through Whitefish

U.S. Route 93 and MT 40 run through Whitefish. Commercial airline service is available at Glacier Park International Airport along U.S. Route 2.

The Whitefish Amtrak station is served by Amtrak's Chicago–Portland/Seattle Empire Builder, as well as intercity buses to Kalispell and Missoula. The station is Amtrak's busiest in Montana. The Whitefish Amtrak station is owned by Stumptown Historical Society and was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2002.

Museums and other points of interest[edit]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Official Website of Whitefish Montana". Official Website of Whitefish Montana. Retrieved October 27, 2012.
  2. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 26, 2020.
  3. ^ a b c "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 2, 2021.
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  5. ^ Tachini, Pete; Louie Adams, Sophie Mays, Mary Lucy Parker, Johnny Arlee, Frances Vanderburg, Lucy Vanderburg, Diana Christopher-Cote (1998). nyoʻnuntn q̓éymin, Flathead Nation Salish dictionary. Pablo, Montana: Bilingual Education Department, Salish Kootenai College. p. 161.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  6. ^ a b "History - Whitefish Chamber of Commerce, MT". www.whitefishchamber.org. Retrieved December 30, 2020.
  7. ^ "Whitefish". Montana Place Names Companion. Montana Historical Society. Retrieved April 11, 2021.
  8. ^ "Whitefish History : Online History". Whitefish History : Online History. Retrieved December 22, 2016.
  9. ^ "Area history WHITEFISH Montana". Great NW Montana Promotions, LLC. Archived from the original on July 19, 2012. Retrieved October 27, 2012.
  10. ^ "Amtrak Fact Sheet, Fiscal Year 2006, State of Montana" (PDF). Amtrak. Retrieved September 20, 2007.
  11. ^ "A Little History of a Big Mountain | Whitefish Montana Lodging, Dining, and Official Visitor Information". explorewhitefish.com. Retrieved October 24, 2020.
  12. ^ "Whitefish Working Out Kinks with Restored City Hall Siren". Flathead Beacon. May 24, 2017. Retrieved December 15, 2020.
  13. ^ Whitefish Lake Institute (2015). Whitefish Area Water Resources Report: A Status of the Whitefish Lake Watershed and Surrounding Area (PDF) (Report). Montana Department of Natural Resources and Conservation. Retrieved January 6, 2019.
  14. ^ "6 Best Whitefish Neighborhoods". Retrieved December 30, 2020.
  15. ^ "Whitefish, Montana Köppen Climate Classification (Weatherbase)". Weatherbase. Retrieved December 30, 2020.
  16. ^ "Whitefish, MT (59937) Monthly Weather". The Weather Channel. Retrieved June 20, 2017.
  17. ^ "NowData - NOAA Online Weather Data". NOAA. Retrieved June 20, 2017.
  18. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved July 14, 2016.
  19. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  20. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 18, 2012.
  21. ^ "Census profile: Whitefish, MT".
  22. ^ "Census profile: Whitefish, MT".
  23. ^ "When water demand rises, this Montana town invests in forests - CSMonitor.com". www.csmonitor.com. Retrieved December 30, 2020.
  24. ^ "2021 SKI Magazine Ranking". October 30, 2019. Retrieved December 30, 2020.
  25. ^ "How the town of Whitefish defeated its neo-Nazi trolls — and became a national model of resistance". www.yahoo.com. Retrieved December 30, 2020.
  26. ^ Ouellet, Nicky (January 8, 2017). "Hundreds Gather Against Hate In Whitefish". www.mtpr.org. Retrieved December 30, 2020.
  27. ^ "Freedom of speech, yes, but not when it is intended to incite violence". Retrieved December 30, 2020.
  28. ^ "Whitefish Chamber of Commerce". Whitefish Chamber of Commerce. Retrieved October 27, 2012.
  29. ^ "Taste of Whitefis". Whitefish Chamber of Commerce. Retrieved October 27, 2012.
  30. ^ "Taste of Whitefish". All Trips. Retrieved October 27, 2012.
  31. ^ "Whitefish Winter Carnival". 2018 Whitefish Winter Carnival. Retrieved March 11, 2018.
  32. ^ "Under The Big Sky". Under the Big Sky. Retrieved December 30, 2020.
  33. ^ "Whitefish Arts Festival – July 2-4, 2021". www.whitefishartsfestival.org. Retrieved December 30, 2020.
  34. ^ https://www.whitefishchamber.org/events/details/whitefish-trail-hootenanny-08-28-2020-48902
  35. ^ "Retreat brings songwriters to Whitefish for inspiration". April 11, 2021.
  36. ^ "Whitefish Legacy Partners". Whitefish Legacy Partners. Retrieved December 30, 2020.
  37. ^ "World Indoor Golf Championships". Whitefish Chamber of Commerce. Retrieved October 27, 2012.
  38. ^ "The Glacier Challenge | Whitefish, Montana **2020 Event Canceled- 2021 Dates TBA** | Crown of the Continent Geotourism". crownofthecontinent.net. Retrieved December 30, 2020.
  39. ^ "Contact Mayor and Council - City of Whitefish, Montana". City of Whitefish. Retrieved March 24, 2020.
  40. ^ "City Manager - City of Whitefish, Montana". City of Whitefish. Retrieved March 24, 2020.
  41. ^ "Whitefish School District". Whitefish School District. Retrieved October 27, 2012.
  42. ^ "Member Schools". Montana High School Association. Retrieved April 19, 2021.
  43. ^ "White Fish School District Overview". White Fish School District.
  44. ^ "Whitefish Community Library". Whitefish Community Library. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  45. ^ "Whitefish Pilot". 2018. Retrieved July 20, 2018.
  46. ^ Read, Richard (October 24, 2020). "Coronavirus bears down on a small Montana town". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved October 24, 2020.
  47. ^ "North Valley Hospital FAQs | About Us | North Valley Hospital". www.krh.org. Retrieved January 11, 2021.
  48. ^ "KRH Family | Kalispell Regional Healthcare". www.krh.org. Retrieved January 11, 2021.
  49. ^ "Jake Sanderson at eliteprospects.com". www.eliteprospects.com. Retrieved June 1, 2021.

External links[edit]