Whitehaven, Memphis, Tennessee
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|• Mayor||Jim Strickland|
|• Total||47 km2 (18.0 sq mi)|
|• Density||331.2/km2 (857.9/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CST (UTC−6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC−5)|
Whitehaven is a predominantly African-American community in Memphis, Tennessee, first organized in the late 19th century as a neighborhood for upper-class families. Its current population is about 50,000.
Whitehaven is the largest neighborhood in South Memphis and is roughly bounded by Winchester Road on the north and the Mississippi state line on the south, with the Illinois Central Railroad on the west and Airways Boulevard on the east.
Whitehaven is no longer its own city, but a part of Memphis.
The community takes its name from a Colonel Francis White, who was an early settler and major property owner. White was influential in getting a rail line to run through what was first called White's Station, later Whitehaven. This Mississippi and Tennessee Railroad was chartered in 1853, and the first trains ran in 1856. The first "White Haven" post office was opened in 1871. The roads and train tracks connected the cotton farms of the Mississippi Delta to Memphis markets, establishing strong commercial links.
Some of the other founding family names are Raines, Hale, McCorkle, and Harbin. E. W. Hale moved to the area in the 1880s and opened a store near what is now Whitehaven High School on Elvis Presley Blvd. Hale's Store was a landmark for many decades.
In 1926, WREC radio began operations there, and in 1928 Whitehaven Hoyt B. Wooten was one of the first six television licensees in America. His original home is the centerpiece of a private development called Lion's Gate.
Much of the later residential and commercial development was done by Carrington Jones and Lacy Mosby in the mid 20th century, to provide housing for "baby boom" families who moved from Memphis to a pleasant environment in the old community. This gradually transformed plantation tracts to neighborhoods in the late 1940s and 1950s.
Originally a farm community, Whitehaven was developed as a residential suburb of Memphis in the 1950s and early 1960s. In 1950 Whitehaven had a population of 1,311. In 1960 Whitehaven had a population of 13,894.
Whitehaven was annexed by the city of Memphis January 1, 1970. It was integrated in the late 1960s and white flight ensued over the next two decades. Whitehaven is proclaimed as the capital of South Memphis.
Four high schools are in the Whitehaven area: Fairley High School, Hillcrest High School, Pathways In Education, and Whitehaven High School. Whitehaven High School was opened by 1911 and was the only high school in the community until Hillcrest opened during the 1960s. A strong rivalry developed between the two schools, and the Hillcrest/Whitehaven game became one of the major events in the community during football season. Bishop Byrne, a private co-educational Catholic high school adjacent to Saint Paul Church on Shelby Drive, opened in 1966 and closed in 2013.
Public Schools in 38116 (Whitehaven)
- Whitehaven High School
- Hillcrest High School (Green Dot Charter system affiliate)
- Havenview Middle School
- A. Maceo Walker Middle School
- Whitehaven Elementary School
- Gardenview Elementary School
- Robert R Church Elementary School
- Oakshire Elementary School
- Holmes Road Elementary School
- Pathways In Education (7-12)
- Fairley High School (Green Dot Charter system affiliate)
Private Schools in 38116 (Whitehaven)
- Bishop Byrne Middle and High School (closed)
- St. Paul
- City University Preparatory Schools and Liberal Arts
- Du Bois School of Arts & Technology
- Memphis Preparatory School (closed)
Places of interest
Whitehaven's major tourist attractions are still Graceland mansion and the annual Elvis Week, attracting many thousands there annually to remember "The King" on the anniversary of his death on August 16, 1977.
Elvis Presley bought his famous home in 1957; soon afterward the farmland surrounding the estate was subdivided into homesites.
During the two decades he lived in Whitehaven, Elvis spent as much time as possible at his home and was a beloved neighbor to residents there.
For the next decade there was rapid development, with Whitehaven Plaza shopping center becoming the area's commercial center. Southland Mall opened at the corner of Shelby Drive and Elvis Presley Blvd in 1966 and is still a destination for shoppers from all over the region. It greatly helped the community to prosper. Southland Mall was the first enclosed mall in Memphis.
- Encyclopædia Britannica Atlas, 1958 Edition, p. 411
- World book Encyclopedia, 1967 Edition, Vol. 18, p. 115