|Scottish Gaelic: Innis Bhàn|
Whiteinch shown within Glasgow
|OS grid reference|
|Council area||Glasgow City Council|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|UK Parliament||Glasgow North West|
|Scottish Parliament||Glasgow Kelvin|
Whiteinch (Scottish Gaelic: Innis Bhàn) is a district in the Scottish city of Glasgow. It is situated north of the River Clyde between the Partick and Scotstoun areas of the city. Whiteinch was at one stage part of the burgh of Partick, until that burgh's absorption into the expanding city of Glasgow in 1912, and part of the Parish of Govan.
Whiteinch was originally an island in the Clyde, called Whyt Inch (inch being an anglicisation of "innis", meaning an island in the Scottish Gaelic language). However, this was during the time when the Clyde flowed naturally as a shallow and wide river. When it was dredged and narrowed as a man-made enterprise to allow for shipbuilding, the island disappeared, but the name lived on in the area that now sat on the north bank of the river.
The population growth of Whiteinch was linked to industrial growth, primarily shipbuilding. The Clydeholm shipyard of the Barclay Curle company occupied much of the Whiteinch riverbank and was opened in 1855.
Whiteinch was an important Clyde ferry crossing. A rowing boat ferry was replaced by a steam ferry in 1891 and the Clyde's second vehicular "horse" ferry was introduced in 1905. Both passenger and vehicle ferries, which ran from the foot of Ferryden Street, were withdrawn in 1963 with the opening of the Clyde Tunnel.
Besides having a football club called Whiteinch F.C. between 1874 and 1879, Partick Thistle F.C. played in the Whiteinch district for a short while. They played at Jordanvale Park in the area from 1881-1883, when they moved to Muir Park in the centre of Partick. They then returned to the Whiteinch area in 1885 when they moved into the Inchview home of their by now defunct rivals Partick F.C., which is near the location of the Clyde Tunnel's north entrance.
Whiteinch is notably home to the Fossil Grove, a site within Victoria Park, Glasgow discovered in 1887 and containing the fossilized stumps of 11 extinct Lepidodendron ("Giant club moss") trees. It has been a popular tourist attraction since early times.
In late 2006 the new Whiteinch Community Centre opened at Dumbarton Road and Haldane Street. The building costs £1.1m and was a joint project between Glasgow City Council, Whiteinch and Scotstoun housing association and the Whiteinch Community Council. In early 2007 the notable Victorian Bathhouse on Medwyn Street was torn down to make way for a new townhouse complex that is part of the Clydeside Redevelopment Project.
With regard to schools, non-denominational education is provided at Whiteinch Primary School in Medwyn Street, followed by Hyndland Secondary School. Roman Catholic Education is provided at St. Paul's Primary School in Primrose Street, followed by St. Thomas Aquinas Secondary School in Jordanhill.
The local Salvation Army centre for the West of Glasgow is based in Medwyn Street, Whiteinch. www.salvationarmy.org.uk/glasgowwest
- The Glasgow Story
- Islands of the Clyde
- Clyde Navigation Trust / Glasgow City Archives
- Burrell Collection Photo Library
- Partick Thistle Early Years
- Glasgow Guide: Tourist Attractions: Fossil Grove. URL accessed 1 March 2006.
- Transactions of the Geological Society of Glasgow, page 143, volume XXII. "The discovery of the famous Fossil ..."
- Walford, Edward; Cox, John Charles; Apperson, George Latimer (1915). The Antiquary, E. Stock, 217.