Whitewright, Texas

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Whitewright, Texas
Town[1]
Motto(s): "Warm Hearts. Warm People. Winning Ways."[2]
Location of Whitewright, Texas
Location of Whitewright, Texas
Grayson County Whitewright.svg
Coordinates: 33°30′40″N 96°23′36″W / 33.51111°N 96.39333°W / 33.51111; -96.39333Coordinates: 33°30′40″N 96°23′36″W / 33.51111°N 96.39333°W / 33.51111; -96.39333
Country United States
State Texas
Counties Grayson, Fannin
Area
 • Total 1.85 sq mi (4.80 km2)
 • Land 1.85 sq mi (4.79 km2)
 • Water 0.004 sq mi (0.01 km2)
Elevation 751 ft (229 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 1,604
 • Density 867/sq mi (334.9/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 75491
Area code(s) 903
FIPS code 48-78628[3]
GNIS feature ID 1371463[4]
Website www.whitewright.com
City in 1891

Whitewright is a town[5] in Fannin and Grayson counties in the U.S. state of Texas. The population was 1,604 at the 2010 census,[6] down from 1,740 at the 2000 census.

The Grayson County portion of Whitewright is part of the ShermanDenison Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Geography[edit]

Whitewright is located in eastern Grayson County at 33°30′40″N 96°23′36″W / 33.51111°N 96.39333°W / 33.51111; -96.39333 (33.511136, -96.393400),[7] with a small portion extending east into Fannin County. U.S. Route 69 passes through the southern and western parts of the city, leading northwest 20 miles (32 km) to Denison and southeast 33 miles (53 km) to Greenville. Texas State Highway 11 crosses the southern part of Whitewright with US 69, leading southeast 36 miles (58 km) to Commerce and northwest 17 miles (27 km) to Sherman.

According to the United States Census Bureau, Whitewright has a total area of 1.9 square miles (4.8 km2), of which 0.004 square miles (0.01 km2), or 0.21%, is water.[6]

Education[edit]

The city is served by the Whitewright Independent School District and is home to the Whitewright High School Tigers.

History[edit]

The settlement was established in 1878, when New York investor and financier William Whitewright Jr. (b. 1815 - d. 1898), after which the community was named, purchased a tract of land in the path of the Missouri–Kansas–Texas Railroad, which was then extending its tracks across the county from Sherman to Greenville. Whitewright had the land surveyed as a townsite and left two of his agents, Jim Reeves and Jim Batsell, to sell lots in the new community. Likely due to the combination of its rail connection and its location in the center of perhaps the richest farmland in the county near the headwaters of Bois d' Arc Creek, Whitewright soon attracted settlers and businesses.

Within ten years of its founding, the community had incorporated and supported a private school, Grayson College, a public school, a newspaper, and several businesses, including three hotels, two cotton gins, and two banks. Jas. A. Batsell served as the first postmaster beginning on April 8, 1878. In 1885, Peter McKenna took over as postmaster, and the facility was officially commissioned as the Whitewright post office on December 7, 1888.

By 1900 the population of Whitewright was 1,804. Although the population declined slightly, to 1,563 in 1910 and 1,666 in 1920, the business community flourished. By the mid-1920s both the Missouri-Kansas-Texas and the Cotton Belt served the town, and 68 businesses, including two banks and manufacturers of cottonseed oil and flour, operated locally. Whitewright served as a marketing, retail, and commercial center for the farmers of the surrounding area who produced such crops as cotton, wheat, and corn.

The population rose from 1,480 in 1936 to 1,537 by the late 1940s. The number of businesses, however, declined from 60 to 46. During the 1970s and 1980s seven factories, producing goods ranging from sausage to clothing to fertilizers, employed local workers. By 1989 Whitewright had 26 businesses, and in 1990 the population was 1,713. In 2000 the community had 1,740 inhabitants and 106 businesses.

1911 Fire[edit]

In June 1911, a fire which started in a trash pile and was fanned by high winds destroyed most of the Whitewright business district. Along with the fire station and city hall, 43 business were destroyed and 75 residences damaged, 27 of those destroyed. Units from the Denison and Sherman fire departments were called to assist, but the fire was reported under control before the Sherman department could get underway.[8]

Quedlinburg treasures[edit]

Whitewright was the home of US Lieutenant Joe Tom Meador, who after World War II looted several major pieces of art from a cave near Quedlinburg, Saxony-Anhalt, Germany. On April 19, 1945, American troops occupied Quedlinburg. Various treasures of art were secured in a cave near the castle Altenburg. Meador was responsible for the security of the cave. Meador, a soldier with good knowledge of art, recognized the importance of the treasures (among them being the Gospel of Samuel and the Crystals of Constantinople). He sent the treasures to Whitewright via army mail, and the art was placed in a safe at the First National Bank of Whitewright.

Meador died in 1980, and his heirs tried to sell ten pieces of Beutekunst (looted art) on the international art market. After a long search and judicial processes, the art was returned to Germany in 1992 and were investigated because of damages to the pieces. At first those stolen artifacts were exhibited in Munich and Berlin but were finally returned to Quedlinburg in 1993. However, two of the pieces stolen by Meador are still in the United States at an unknown location.

A 2007 documentary of ZDF showed the path of robbing the Treasures.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 100
1890 880 780.0%
1900 1,804 105.0%
1910 1,563 −13.4%
1920 1,666 6.6%
1930 1,480 −11.2%
1940 1,537 3.9%
1950 1,372 −10.7%
1960 1,315 −4.2%
1970 1,745 32.7%
1980 1,760 0.9%
1990 1,713 −2.7%
2000 1,740 1.6%
2010 1,604 −7.8%
Est. 2016 1,656 [9] 3.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]

As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 1,740 people, 650 households, and 456 families residing in the town. The population density was 830.0 people per square mile (319.9/km²). There were 732 housing units at an average density of 349.2 per square mile (134.6/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 87.36% White, 8.33% African American, 0.57% Native American, 0.92% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.86% from other races, and 1.90% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.64% of the population.

There were 650 households out of which 33.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.3% were married couples living together, 11.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.8% were non-families. 26.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.04.

In the town the population was spread out with 26.2% under the age of 18, 6.4% from 18 to 24, 26.3% from 25 to 44, 20.6% from 45 to 64, and 20.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 83.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 78.8 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $33,194, and the median income for a family was $42,292. Males had a median income of $31,852 versus $22,639 for females. The per capita income for the town was $16,137. About 7.9% of families and 12.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.1% of those under age 18 and 16.9% of those age 65 or over.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Texas Cities and Towns Sorted by County". www.county.org. Retrieved 2016-12-26. 
  2. ^ City of Whitewright official website
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "Texas Cities and Towns Sorted by County". www.county.org. Retrieved 2016-12-26. 
  6. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Whitewright town, Texas". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved August 23, 2016. 
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  8. ^ Beitler, Stu. "Whitewright, TX Fire In Business District, June 1911". GenDisasters. Retrieved 2016-06-08. 
  9. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  10. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Michael Fritz Johann, "Aus Texas zurückgekehrt: der spätgotische Buchdeckel aus dem Quedlinburger Schatz". In: Denkmalkunde und Denkmalpflege (1995), p. 275-282.
  • Friedemann Goßlau: Verloren, gefunden, heimgeholt. Die Wiedervereinigung des Quedlinburger Domschatzes. Quedlinburg 1996.
  • William H. Honan: Treasure Hunt. A New York Times Reporter Tracks the Quedlinburg Hoard. New York 1997.
  • Siegfried Kogelfranz/Willi A. Korte: Quedlinburg – Texas und zurück. Schwarzhandel mit geraubter Kunst. Munich 1994.
  • Emily Sano/David Kusin (Hg.): "The Quedlinburg Treasury". Dallas Museum of Art 1991.

External links[edit]