Whiting Bay

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Whiting Bay
Floral Display & Beach, Whiting Bay (geograph 3593640).jpg
Floral display and beach, Whiting Bay
Whiting Bay is located in North Ayrshire
Whiting Bay
Whiting Bay
Location within North Ayrshire
OS grid referenceNS045255
Civil parish
  • Kilbride
Council area
Lieutenancy area
CountryScotland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townISLE OF ARRAN
Postcode districtKA27
Dialling code01770
PoliceScotland
FireScottish
AmbulanceScottish
UK Parliament
Scottish Parliament
List of places
UK
Scotland
55°29′06″N 5°05′38″W / 55.485°N 5.094°W / 55.485; -5.094Coordinates: 55°29′06″N 5°05′38″W / 55.485°N 5.094°W / 55.485; -5.094

Whiting Bay is a village located on the Isle of Arran in the Firth of Clyde, Scotland four miles (6.4 km) south of Lamlash and eight miles (13 km) south of Brodick.[1] It is the island of Arran's third largest settlement behind Lamlash and Brodick. It is called after the bay near the southern end of Arran's east coast that the settlement sits on.[2]

History[edit]

Originally Whiting Bay consisted of a group of small settlements situated on the coast or just inland from it. The names of these hamlets are still extant and are given to the separate "districts" which the small relatively small village of Whiting Bay is split up into. The most northerly is Kingscross, south of there is Auchencairn, then Kockenkelly, North Kiscadale, South Kiscadale and then the most southerly is Largymore. These settlements have an ancient origin, the hillside inland from Largymore there is a prehistoric burial site called the Giants Graves. At Kingscross Point, at the opposite end of the village, there is a dun or fortified farmstead dating back almost two thousand years. The Vikings settled at Kingscross and had a burial site there, and has led to suggestions that the Bay and the Village were named after them as "Viking Bay" and that this was later corrupted to Whiting Bay. Kingscross is also noted as the site where Robert the Bruce embarked for Ayrshire in February 1307, on his way to regaining control of his kingdom from the English.[2] When these were excavated the archaeologist responsible discovered two settings of stones which were 6 feet (1.8 m) apart, and positioned approximately 2 feet (0.61 m) above the centre of the mound. Within the mound they found a pile of articles which consisted of human bones which had been affected by heat, fragments of whalebone which were decorated with a design of concentric circles, charcoal, lumps of iron, among which were Viking boat rivets, bronze pieces, two pieces of vitrified stone and a bronze coin, identified as a styca of Wigmund, the Archbishop of York between 831 and 854 C.E.[3]

When a ferry was set up between the town of Saltcoats in Ayrshire and Arran in 1790 this led to the merging of the five settlements into the village of Whiting Bay. The steamers from Glasgow and elsewhere in the Clyde Estuary began to call in at Whiting Bay in the 1830s. When the inland crofting areas of Arran underwent clearances from the 1830s this led to an increased demand for accommodation on the coast. Of all of the villages on Arran, Whiting Bay appears to have been attractive to a more well-heeled clientele. These more genteel arrivals had a succession of fine villas built along the inland side of the road running along the bay. A golf course was constructed in 1895, along with tennis courts, a bowling club and a putting green. A new pier was finished in 1901 and this enabled steamers to disembark passengers directly into Whiting Bay rather than ferrying them to shore in "flit boats", and this reinforced the village's increase in size. The Whiting Bay village hall was added in 1926.[2] There was a youth hostel in Whiting Bay but this closed in the early 21st century and sold off.[4]

Present[edit]

In the late 1950s the steamer services to Arran from the mainland stopped calling in at Whiting Bay and the service changed to a car ferry calling only at Brodick from 1957. This led to the fortunes of Whiting Bay waning and the venerable steamer pier shut in the early 1960s. The village still has a modest pier situated on the shore close to the line of tiny shops in the centre of the village with their rears to the water. Many of the grander villas have been converted into tourist amendities such as hotels, guesthouses and restaurants and the village has a large proportion of such accommodation on the island.[2] The Whiting Bay Golf Club continues to operate,[5] as does the putting green.[2] The village also has a primary school,[6] a doctors' surgery[7] and a number of businesses catering for visitors such as an art gallery.[8] In the 2011 Census the population of Whiting Bay was 620.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Whiting Bay". Visit Scotland. Retrieved 6 March 2020.
  2. ^ a b c d e "Whiting Bay". Undsicovered Scotland. Retrieved 6 March 2020.
  3. ^ "Arran, Kingscross Point". Historic Environemnt Scotland. Retrieved 6 March 2020.
  4. ^ "NS0425 : The redundant Whiting Bay Youth Hostel". geograph.org.uk. Retrieved 6 March 2020.
  5. ^ "Whiting Bay Golf Club". Whiting Bay Golf Club. Retrieved 6 March 2020.
  6. ^ "Whiting Bay Primary School" (PDF). North Ayrshire Council. Retrieved 6 March 2020.
  7. ^ "Arran Medical Group". Arran Medical Group. Retrieved 6 March 2020.
  8. ^ "Arran Art Gallery". Arran Art Gallery. Retrieved 6 March 2020.
  9. ^ "Whiting Bay in North Ayrshire, Scotland". citypopulation.de. Retrieved 6 March 2020.

External links[edit]