Whitley County, Indiana

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Whitley County, Indiana
Whitley County Courthouse.jpg
Whitley County courthouse in Columbia City, Indiana
Map of Indiana highlighting Whitley County
Location in the state of Indiana
Map of the United States highlighting Indiana
Indiana's location in the U.S.
Founded 1838
Named for William Whitley
Seat Columbia City
Largest city Columbia City
Area
 • Total 337.91 sq mi (875 km2)
 • Land 335.57 sq mi (869 km2)
 • Water 2.34 sq mi (6 km2), 0.69%
Population
 • (2010) 33,292
 • Density 99/sq mi (38/km²)
Congressional district 3rd
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Footnotes: Indiana county number 92

Whitley County is a county located in the U.S. state of Indiana. As of the 2010 census, the population was 33,292.[1] The county seat is Columbia City.[2] The county has the highest county number (92) on Indiana license plates, as it is alphabetically the last in the list of counties.

Geography[edit]

According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 337.91 square miles (875.2 km2), of which 335.57 square miles (869.1 km2) (or 99.31%) is land and 2.34 square miles (6.1 km2) (or 0.69%) is water.[3]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Cities and towns[edit]

Unincorporated towns[edit]

Townships[edit]

Major highways[edit]

History[edit]

The first non-Native American settlers arrived in what is now Whitley County in 1835. They arrived as a result of the end of the Black Hawk War as well as the completion of the Erie Canal. They consisted entirely of settlers from New England. These were "Yankee" settlers, that is to say they were descended from the English Puritans who settled New England in the colonial era. They were primarily members of the Congregational Church though due to the Second Great Awakening many of them had converted to Methodism and some had become Baptists before coming to what is now Whitley County. When the New England settlers arrived in what is now Whitley County there was nothing but a dense virgin forest and wild prairie. Whitley County was formed in 1838. It was named for Col. William Whitley, who was killed at the decisive American victory at the Battle of the Thames in the War of 1812. In the late 1870s immigrants began arriving from Germany and Ireland.[4]

Climate and weather[edit]

Columbia City, Indiana
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
2.1
 
 
31
14
 
 
1.8
 
 
35
18
 
 
2.9
 
 
46
27
 
 
3.7
 
 
58
37
 
 
3.7
 
 
70
48
 
 
4.4
 
 
79
58
 
 
3.8
 
 
83
62
 
 
3.6
 
 
81
59
 
 
3.5
 
 
74
51
 
 
2.8
 
 
62
40
 
 
3.3
 
 
48
31
 
 
2.9
 
 
36
21
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[5]

In recent years, average temperatures in Columbia City have ranged from a low of 14 °F (−10 °C) in January to a high of 83 °F (28 °C) in July, although a record low of −24 °F (−31 °C) was recorded in January 1994 and a record high of 103 °F (39 °C) was recorded in June 1988. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.80 inches (46 mm) in February to 4.44 inches (113 mm) in June.[5]

Government[edit]

The county government is a constitutional body, and is granted specific powers by the Constitution of Indiana, and by the Indiana Code.

County Council: The county council is the legislative branch of the county government and controls all the spending and revenue collection in the county. Representatives are elected from county districts. The council members serve four-year terms. They are responsible for setting salaries, the annual budget, and special spending. The council also has limited authority to impose local taxes, in the form of an income and property tax that is subject to state level approval, excise taxes, and service taxes.[6][7]

Board of Commissioners: The executive body of the county is made of a board of commissioners. The commissioners are elected county-wide, in staggered terms, and each serves a four-year term. One of the commissioners, typically the most senior, serves as president. The commissioners are charged with executing the acts legislated by the council, collecting revenue, and managing the day-to-day functions of the county government.[6][7]

Court: The county maintains a small claims court that can handle some civil cases. The judge on the court is elected to a term of four years and must be a member of the Indiana bar. The judge is assisted by a constable who is also elected to a four-year term. In some cases, court decisions can be appealed to the state level circuit court.[7]

County Officials: The county has several other elected offices, including sheriff, coroner, auditor, treasurer, recorder, surveyor, and circuit court clerk. Each of these elected officers serves a term of four years and oversees a different part of county government. Members elected to county government positions are required to declare party affiliations and to be residents of the county.[7]

Whitely County is part of Indiana's 3rd congressional district and in 2008 was represented by Mark Souder in the United States Congress.[8]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 1,237
1850 5,190 319.6%
1860 10,730 106.7%
1870 14,399 34.2%
1880 16,941 17.7%
1890 17,768 4.9%
1900 17,328 −2.5%
1910 16,892 −2.5%
1920 15,660 −7.3%
1930 15,931 1.7%
1940 17,001 6.7%
1950 18,828 10.7%
1960 20,954 11.3%
1970 23,395 11.6%
1980 26,215 12.1%
1990 27,651 5.5%
2000 30,707 11.1%
2010 33,292 8.4%
Est. 2014 33,403 [9] 0.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]
1790-1960[11] 1900-1990[12]
1990-2000[13] 2010-2013[1]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 33,292 people, 13,001 households, and 9,228 families residing in the county.[14] The population density was 99.2 inhabitants per square mile (38.3/km2). There were 14,281 housing units at an average density of 42.6 per square mile (16.4/km2).[3] The racial makeup of the county was 97.6% white, 0.3% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 0.3% black or African American, 0.4% from other races, and 1.1% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.5% of the population.[14] In terms of ancestry, 38.2% were German, 12.6% were Irish, 12.5% were American, and 9.3% were English.[15]

Of the 13,001 households, 32.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.4% were married couples living together, 9.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.0% were non-families, and 24.1% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 2.99. The median age was 40.1 years.[14]

The median income for a household in the county was $47,697 and the median income for a family was $63,487. Males had a median income of $44,883 versus $30,724 for females. The per capita income for the county was $24,644. About 5.1% of families and 6.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.2% of those under age 18 and 7.6% of those age 65 or over.[16]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Whitley County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-25. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ a b "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-10. 
  4. ^ De Witt Clinton Goodrich & Charles Richard Tuttle (1875). An Illustrated History of the State of Indiana. Indiana: R. S. Peale & co. p. 577. 
  5. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Columbia City, Indiana". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 
  6. ^ a b Indiana Code. "Title 36, Article 2, Section 3". IN.gov. Retrieved 2008-09-16. 
  7. ^ a b c d Indiana Code. "Title 2, Article 10, Section 2" (PDF). IN.gov. Retrieved 2008-09-16. 
  8. ^ "US Congressman Mark Souder". US Congress. Retrieved 2008-10-08. 
  9. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  10. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  12. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  13. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  14. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-10. 
  15. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-10. 
  16. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-10. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 41°08′N 85°30′W / 41.14°N 85.50°W / 41.14; -85.50