Whitman's

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Whitman's
Subsidiary of Russell Stover Candies
FoundedPhiladelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S. (1842)
FounderStephen F. Whitman
Headquarters,
United States
ProductsChocolate Confections
OwnerLindt & Sprüngli
ParentRussell Stover Candies
Websitehttp://www.russellstover.com/
Whitman's retail store, on Chestnut St., in Center City, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in 1894
A Whitman's advertisement, from an 1899 newspaper.
A Whitman's ad, from a WWI wartime newspaper, printed in France, circa 1918.
Whitman's 19th century advertisement
Whitman's Chocolates, Philadelphia, 19th century advertisement poster

Whitman's is one of the largest and oldest brands of boxed chocolates in the United States. Whitman's confections have been produced since 1842, originally by Stephen Whitman in Philadelphia and currently by Kansas City, Missouri-based Russell Stover Candies. The Whitman's Sampler, an assortment of boxed chocolates, is still popular after more than a century.

History[edit]

Whitman's confections have been produced for over 175 years. Originally a "confectionery and fruiterer shoppe" set up in 1842 by 19-year-old, Stephen F. Whitman on the Philadelphia waterfront, Whitman's first became popular with travelling sailors and their wives. They would often bring imported fruits, nuts, and cocoa which were obtained during their voyages to Mr. Whitman so that he could make the popular European confections people craved in that era. Before long, Whitman's chocolates were popular throughout the northeastern United States.

Whitman's produced the first pre-packaged candy in 1854—a box of sugar plums adorned with curlicues and rosebuds. Whitman began advertising in newspapers shortly before the beginning of the Civil War and the business grew so large that in 1866 the company occupied an entire building at 12th and Market Streets in Philadelphia. In 1877, he introduced Instantaneous Chocolates in tin boxes that became much-admired. Whitman's would later, be known as Stephen F. Whitman & Son, Inc.

Whitman's introduced the perennially popular, and still best-selling, Whitman's Sampler in 1912, marking the first use of cellophane by the candy industry. In 1946, the company helped General Electric develop a refrigerated display case to guard the product against warmer temperatures and extend the selling season through the summer months.[1]

In the early 1960s, Whitman's was purchased by Pet, Inc., a manufacturer of evaporated milk as part of the company's attempt to become a food products conglomerate.[2] Pet was taken over in 1978 by IC Industries (a holding company for the Illinois Central Railroad's non-rail assets),which eventually decided to focus on food and in 1988 took the name Whitman Corporation after the spinoff of some non-food operations because Whitman's was its best-known brand name. However, in 1991 Pet (including Whitman) was again spun off as the parent company decided to narrow its focus further (eventually becoming PepsiAmericas).[3] In 1993, Pet sold the Whitman's brand to Russell Stover Candies, the major supplier of boxed candy in the United States.[4] In July 2014, Russell Stover was acquired by the international company Lindt & Sprüngli.[5]

The National Museum of American History, of the Smithsonian Institution, in Washington D.C., has acquired the Whitman's Chocolates Collection of print advertisements.

Whitman's Sampler[edit]

The well-known Whitman's Sampler was devised in 1912 and became popular over time. During World War II, servicemen and women who got a Whitman's Sampler from family and friends spread the word about it once they returned home. Over the decades, it reached a level in American pop culture in that it was mentioned in many TV shows, movies, and the like. One notable example is in the first episode of Season 5 of the Sopranos, "Two Tonys" that aired on March 7, 2004, in which Tony Soprano says to mob boss Johnny Sack, "What do you want, an apology? A fuckin' Whitman's Sampler?"[6] In 1915, a messenger boy was added to the box, and it became a symbol of quality. The stitching design of a bird on a brach, and basket of flowers were used.

The Sampler's contents vary from box to box, but generally contain milk and dark chocolate-covered caramel, coconut, molasses chew, chocolate-covered peanuts and/or almonds, cashew and/or pecan-walnut clusters, cherry cordial, maple fudge, chocolate-covered toffee, and nougaty chocolate whip candies. Seasonal flavors like strawberry cream, pumpkin marshmallow, and mint chocolate patties are occasionally included.[7] The candies' flavors can be determined by their shapes: a square shape denotes caramels; a rectangle means nougat filling; oval chocolates typically contain fudge; the soft-centered flavors, including cherry cordials, are round; and nut clusters are easily identified by their rough surfaces.[8]

In popular culture[edit]

  • In the early 20th century, Pickaninny Peppermints were a popular Whitman confection. However, the NAACP lawyer and future Supreme Court Justice Thurgood Marshall took issue with the name. In a 1941 article directed at Whitman's published in the Afro-American, Marshall urged Whitman's Candies to realize its racial insensitivity. Whitman's denied that the term "pickaninny" was racist and responded to Marshall by saying that it meant "cute colored kid". The product was soon dropped.[9]
  • The company has maintained a longstanding tradition of supporting American servicemen and servicewomen during wartime. During World War I, millions of tins were shipped to American soldiers throughout the world. During World War II, women at the Whitman's production line secretly slipped handwritten notes of encouragement into candy boxes to help soothe soldiers' homesickness.[1]
  • The G4 spinoff of The Soup called Web Soup spoofs the Whitman's Sampler package with a segment called Mixed Nuts Sampler.[10][11]
  • Wacky Packages parodied the Whitman's Sampler brand as "What Man's Simple Candy".[12]
  • Whitman's Sampler was mentioned by Mama Harper in the sitcom Mama's Family in the episode "Birthright", which first aired on January 31, 1987.[13]
  • A Whitman's Sampler box appears anachronistically in the film Kid Blue (1973), which is set in 1900.[citation needed]
  • In the first episode of season 5 of "The Sopranos", title character Tony Soprano offers a Whitman's Sampler by way of sarcastic apology to associate Johnny Sack: "What do you want an apology? F#%$in Whitman's Sampler?"[citation needed]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "About Whitman's Candies". russellstover.com. Retrieved 2012-04-11.
  2. ^ "Pet, Incorporated -Company Profile, Information, Business Description, History, Background Information". Reference for Business. Retrieved 2012-04-11.
  3. ^ [1]
  4. ^ Jeanne B. Pinder (9 March 2012). "COMPANY NEWS; Pet Sells Whitman's Brand In Deal With Russell Stover". The New York Times. NYTimes.com. Retrieved 2012-04-11.
  5. ^ "MEDIA RELEASE" (PDF). 14 Jul 2014. Retrieved 25 Nov 2014.
  6. ^ https://www.eater.com/2016/2/14/10989022/whitmans-sampler-chocolates
  7. ^ https://www.eater.com/2016/2/14/10989022/whitmans-sampler-chocolates
  8. ^ https://www.eater.com/2016/2/14/10989022/whitmans-sampler-chocolates
  9. ^ Michael G. Long (18 January 2011). "Making Democracy Work". NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund. Retrieved 2012-04-11.
  10. ^ Video - Mixed Nuts Sampler: Angry Sack in the Audience
  11. ^ Video - Mixed Nuts Sampler: Whip out the Nut-Saurus!
  12. ^ Wacky Packages Topps 6th Series: What Man's Simple Candy.
  13. ^ Mama's Family (TV Series 1983–1990), retrieved 2017-12-05

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]