Whitsunday Islands

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Whitsunday Islands
Whitsunday group Australia en.svg
Aus - Whitsunday Islands.PNG
Geography
Location Queensland, Australia
Coordinates 20°18′S 148°56′E / 20.300°S 148.933°E / -20.300; 148.933
Total islands 74
Major islands Hamilton Island
Area 282.82 km2 (109.20 sq mi)
Administration
Australia
State Queensland
Largest settlement Hamilton Island (pop. 1350)
Demographics
Population 1570 (2014)
Pop. density 5.551 /km2 (14.377 /sq mi)

The Whitsunday Islands is a collection of continental islands of various sizes off the central coast of Queensland, Australia, approximately 1,400 kilometres (900 miles) north of Brisbane. The northernmost of the islands are situated off the coast by the town of Bowen while the southernmost islands are off the coast by Mackay. The island group is centred on Whitsunday Island, while the group's commercial centre is Hamilton Island. The traditional owners of the area are the Ngaro People and the Gia People (Birri Gubba language group) whose Juru Clan has the only legally recognised native title in the region.[1]

Naming[edit]

The term is a misnomer as it is based on Captain Cook’s date for the naming of Whitsunday Passage, or as Cook spelled it in his HMS Endeavour journal, Whitsunday’s Passage.[2] Based on his journal date, Cook believed that the passage was discovered on Whitsunday, the Sunday of the feast of WhitsunPentecost in the Christian liturgical year—which is observed 7 weeks after Easter. As the International Date Line had not yet been established, the day of discovery was actually Whit Monday.[citation needed]

Whitsunday Islands.

There is some contention as to exactly which islands are within the informally named Whitsunday Islands, in particular those at the southern extremity and the inclusions to the west. What is certain is that they lie within the chain named Cumberland Isles by Captain Cook (now officially approved as the Cumberland Islands) and a reasonably defined section of that chain and surrounding waters have become known worldwide as The Whitsundays, based on a contraction of the Whitsunday Islands designation.

Tourism[edit]

The Whitsunday islands are a popular tourist destination for travellers to Queensland and the Great Barrier Reef with the area being one of the most popular yachting destinations in the Southern Hemisphere. The island received about 700,000 visitors between March 2008 and March 2009.[3]

The Ngaro Sea Trail Great Walk is a mix of seaways and short walks, crossing South Molle, Hook and Whitsunday islands.[4] The tracks across the islands are linked by seaways suited to kayaking, sailing or powerboating. Camping is available at eight camping areas on the three islands. Several islands have large resorts, offering a wide variety of accommodation and activities.

Components[edit]

There are a total of 74 islands and islets among all the groups in the Whitsundays.

Whitsunday group[edit]

The most notable islands in the main Whitsunday group are named Dent, Hamilton, Hayman, Hook and Whitsunday which features the white sands of Whitehaven Beach.

Lindeman group[edit]

The most notable island in the Lindeman group is its namesake Lindeman Island.

Molle group[edit]

The most notable islands in the Molle group are Daydream Island (formerly West Molle Island), Long Island and South Molle Island.

Northern group[edit]

Some of the islands in the Northern group are Armit, Gloucester and Saddleback.

Table of islands[edit]

Listed below are islands of The Whitsundays, divided by group locality. Named rocks and islets can be found listed within the entry for the nearest island to that feature.

Island Capital Adjacent islets and features Area (km²) Population
Lindeman Islands Lindeman Island 30.34 10
Baynham Island 0.074 0
Comston Island 0.236 0
Gaibirra Island 0.323 0
Keyser Island 0.577 0
Lindeman Island 6.789 10
Little Lindeman Island 0.49 0
Maher Island Jesus Point 0.94 0
Mansell Island 1.177 0
Other Ann Island, Cole Island 0.222 0
Pentecost Island 1.25 0
Seaforth Island North Beach 0.265 0
Shaw Island Neck Bay, Burning Point 15.62 0
Thomas Island Thomas Bay, Dead Dog Point 2.23 0
Triangle Island 0.115 0
Volskow Island 0.032 0
Molle Islands South Molle Island 20.17 150
Daydream Island Coral Beach, Lovers Beach, Mermaids Beach, Sunset Beach 0.23 30
Denman Island 0.095 0
Goat Island 0.047 0
Long Island Base Point, Fire Point, Happy Bay, Paradise Bay, Pelican Beach, Peppers Palm Bay, Sandy Bay, Spit Point 10.6 80
Mid Molle Island 0.13 0
North Molle Island 2.643 0
Other Gunn Island, Repair Island, Shute Island, Tancerd Island 0.588 0
Pine Island 1.063 0
Planton Island 0.114 0
South Molle Island Bauer Bay 4.66 40
Northern Group Gloucester Island 33.56 1
Armit Island 1.05 0
Double Cone Island 0.4 0
Eshelby Island 0.13 0
Gloucester Island 26.8 0
Grassy Island 1.29 0
Gumbrell Island 0.47 0
Manta Ray Island 0.32 0
Middle Island 0.43 0
Olden Island 0.43 0
Poole Island 0.19 0
Rattray Island 0.23 0
Saddleback Island 0.58 0
Stone Island 1.24 1
The Whitsunday Group Hamilton Island 198.75 1409
Bird Island 0.017 0
Black Island 0.05 0
Border Island Cateran Bay 3.066 0
Cid Island Bench Point, Gilling Point 2.95 0
Cowrie Island 0.024 0
Deloraine Island 0.172 0
Dent Island 4.13 2
Dumbell Island 0.141 0
Dungarra Island 0.094 0
Esk Island 0.1 0
Fitzalan Island 0.054 0
Hamilton Island Crab Bay, South Head, Driftwood Bay, Coral Cove, Escape Beach, Broken Point, Sunrise Bay, Hideaway Bay, Catseye Bay, Pebble Beach, Airport Beach 7.98 1350
Harold Island 0.345 0
Haslewood Island 7.941 0
Hayman Island Dolphin Point, Tower Point, Rescue Beach, Groper Point, Arkhurst Point, Blue Pearl Bay, Royal Hayman Hotel 3.78 50
Henning Island 0.496 0
Hook Island 54.87 5
Ireby Island 0.046 0
Langford Island 0.093 0
Lupton Island 1.05 0
Nicolson Island 0.163 0
Other 0.904 0
Perseverance Island 0.342 0
Teague Island 0.558 0
Titan Island 0.011 2
Whitsunday Island 109 0
Wirrainbeia Island 0.04 0
Workington Island 0.333 0
Whitsunday Islands Totals 282.82 1570

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ * Prior on behalf of the Juru (Cape Upstart) People v State of Queensland (No 2) [2011] FCA 819 (26 July 2011) (17/12/2011)]
  2. ^ http://southseas.nla.gov.au/journals/cook/17700604.html
  3. ^ Andrew Bain (21 November 2009). "The alternative Whitsunday". Brisbane Times. Fairfax Digital. Retrieved 1 February 2010. 
  4. ^ "Whitsunday Ngaro Sea Trail". Department of National Parks, Recreation, Sport and Racing. 25 March 2011. Retrieved 24 April 2013. 

External links[edit]