Whitt L. Moreland
|Whitt Lloyd Moreland|
Whitt L. Moreland, posthumous Medal of Honor recipient
March 7, 1930|
|Died||May 29, 1951
Killed in action in Korea
|Place of burial||Whittington Cemetery Mount Ida, Arkansas|
|Allegiance||United States of America|
|Service/branch||United States Marine Corps|
|Years of service||1948-1951|
|Rank||Private First Class|
|Unit||1st Battalion 5th Marines|
|Awards||Medal of Honor
Korean Service Medal
Private First Class Whitt Lloyd Moreland (March 7, 1930 – May 29, 1951) was a United States Marine who heroically sacrificed his life to save the lives of fellow Marines by smothering a hand grenade with his body during the Korean War. For this action on May 29, 1951 at Kwagch’i-Dong, PFC Moreland was posthumously awarded the United States' highest military decoration — the Medal of Honor. He was the 17th Marine to be awarded the Medal of Honor during the Korean War.
Born in Waco, Texas on March 7, 1930, Whitt Lloyd Moreland attended public school in Austin, and graduated from Junction High School in 1948, where he played football for two years. In September 1948, he enlisted in the United States Marine Corps for one year, serving in San Diego and Camp Pendleton, California. Upon discharge he enlisted in the Marine Corps Reserve for six years. On November 30, 1950, he was called to active duty, and received advanced training at Camp Pendleton, California.
Moreland is buried at Whittington Cemetery in Mount Ida, Arkansas.
There is a monument dedicated to him in Llano, Texas along with others who served in the war.
Awards and decorations
PFC Moreland's decorations include:
|Medal of Honor|
|Purple Heart||Korean Service Medal with one bronze star||United Nations Service Medal|
Medal of Honor citation
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the MEDAL OF HONOR posthumously to
PRIVATE FIRST CLASS WHITT L. MORELAND
UNITED STATES MARINE CORPS RESERVE
for service as set forth in the following CITATION:
For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty while serving as an Intelligence Scout attached to Company C, First Battalion, Fifth Marines, First Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces in Korea on May 29, 1951. Voluntarily accompanying a rifle platoon in a daring assault against a strongly defended enemy hill position, Private First Class Moreland delivered accurate rifle fire on the hostile emplacement and thereby aided materially in seizing the objective. After the position had been secured, he unhesitatingly led a party forward to neutralize an enemy bunker which he had observed some 400 meters beyond and, moving boldly through a fireswept area, almost reached the hostile emplacement when the enemy launched a volley of hand grenades on his group. Quick to act despite the personal danger involved, he kicked several of the grenades off the ridgeline where they exploded harmlessly and, while attempting to kick away another, slipped and fell near the deadly missile. Aware that the sputtering grenade would explode before he could regain his feet and dispose of it, he shouted a warning to his comrades, covered the missile with his body and absorbed the full blast of the explosion, but in saving his companions from possible injury or death, was mortally wounded. His heroic initiative and valiant spirit of self-sacrifice in the face of certain death reflect the highest credit upon Private First Class Moreland and the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
/S/ HARRY S. TRUMAN
- Grave site of MOH Recipient Whitt Morland, HomeOfHeroes.com. Retrieved 2006-06-25.
- This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Marine Corps.
- "Whitt L. Moreland". Claim to Fame: Medal of Honor recipients. Find a Grave. Retrieved 2008-02-02.
- "Private First Class Whitt L. Moreland, USMCR, Who's Who in Marine Corps History, History Division, United States Marine Corps". Retrieved June 25, 2006.
- "PFC Whitt L. Moreland, Medal of Honor, 1951, 1/5/1, Korea, Medal of Honor citation". Archived from the original on June 22, 2006. Retrieved June 25, 2006.
- Leatherwood, Art. Moreland, Whitt L., Handbook of Texas Online. Retrieved 2006-06-25.