Whittlesford, SS Mary & Andrew
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|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Ambulance||East of England|
Whittlesford is a village in Cambridgeshire, England, and also the name of an old hundred. The village is situated on the Granta branch of the River Cam, seven miles south of Cambridge. Whittlesford Parkway railway station serves the village.
The parish lies to the west of the River Cam, just to the north of the Icknield Way, an ancient thoroughfare which forms the historic parish boundary on the south. The parish contains 1,976 acres, and the area was occupied in Roman times.
A hospital, then a form of almshouse, was founded in the village by Sir William Colville before the time of Edward I, and there are some remains of the original building still standing. Whittlesford was at one stage a market town.
The first record of the church in Whittlesford dates from 1217, but there has certainly been a church on the present site since at least Norman times. The church has been dedicated to Saint Andrew since medieval times, and from the 16th century the dedication to Saint Mary was added.
The present building consists of a chancel and nave with south chapel, south aisle and a central tower. It is built of field stones with ashlar dressings. The north wall of the nave dates from the 11th century Norman church as well as the base of the tower and several south windows. The chancel dates from the 13th century and the south chapel from the 15th century.
A Primitive Methodist chapel was built in the village in the early 19th century, but was closed before the end of the century. A Congregational chapel was built in 1903.
The village now has two public houses, the Tickell Arms (named after the Tickell family, former lords of the manor), and the Bees in the Wall, but it formerly had many more; in 1851 there were six pubs, and by 1904 there were eight. Most notable among these was the Waggon and Horses that closed in 1937. The two surviving pubs are both Grade II listed.
In September 2004, a crop mark in a surrounding field surfaced, resembling a horse, discovered by the Whittlesford Society Archive Project by aerial view (similar to how the Rockley Horse was discovered). This led to speculation that this was possibly the site of a newly discovered hill figure of a white horse. The mark particularly resembled the Uffington White Horse. Ground investigation was planned but whether the investigation project will go through or has already gone through is unknown.
- 2001 census
- "Civil Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood SAtatistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 26 July 2016.
- A. D. Mills (2003). A Dictionary of British Place-Names.
- "Roman settlement south of Chronicle Hills, Whittlesford". English Heritage.
- John Marius Wilson (1870–72). Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales.
- A History of the County of Cambridge and the Isle of Ely. 6. 1978. pp. 263–276.
- The Whittlesford Sheela na Gig
- Historic England (22 November 1967). "Parish Church of St Mary and St Andrew (Grade I) (1128014)". National Heritage List for England.
- William Westley Primary School
- "Other non". Wiltshire White Horses. Retrieved 5 January 2013.
- "The Hillfigure Homepage". Hows.org.uk. Retrieved 5 January 2013.
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