Who's Singin' Over There?
|Who's Singin' Over There?|
|Serbo-Croatian||Ko to tamo peva|
|Directed by||Slobodan Šijan|
|Written by||Dušan Kovačević|
|Produced by||Milan Zmukić|
|Edited by||Lana Vukobratović|
|Music by||Vojislav Kostić|
|Distributed by||Radio Television Belgrade (Yugoslavia, video)|
International Home Cinema (USA, all media)
|23 October 1980|
Who's Singin' Over There? (Serbo-Croatian: Ko to tamo peva) is a 1980 Yugoslav film written by Dušan Kovačević and directed by Slobodan Šijan. It is a dark comedy and features an ensemble cast. The film tells a story about a group of passengers traveling by bus to Belgrade in 1941, during the last days of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, just before the Axis occupation of Yugoslavia.
The film was screened in the Un Certain Regard section at the 1981 Cannes Film Festival. In 1996, the Yugoslav Board of the Academy of Film Art and Science (AFUN) voted this movie the best Serbian movie made in the 1947–1995 period.
On Saturday, 5 April 1941, one day before the Axis invasion of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, a colourful group of random passengers on a country road deep in the heart of Serbia board a dilapidated bus, headed for the capital Belgrade. The group includes two Gypsy musicians, a World War I veteran, a Germanophile, a budding singer, a sickly looking man, and a hunter with a shotgun. The bus is owned by Krstić Sr., and driven by his impressionable and dim-witted son Miško.
Along the way, they are joined by a priest and a pair of young newlyweds who are on their way to the seaside for their honeymoon, and are faced with numerous difficulties: an army roadblock forcing a detour, a farmer ploughing the road which, he claims, stretches over his land, a flat tire, a funeral, two feuding families, a shaky bridge, Krstić Jr.'s recruitment into the army, and a lost wallet. All these slow the bus down and expose rifts among the travelers.
During the early morning of Sunday, 6 April, amid rumours of war, they finally reach Belgrade only to be caught in the middle of the Luftwaffe raid (Operation Punishment). The only apparent surviving passengers are the two Gypsy musicians who sing the film's theme song before the end.
Characters and situations
Right from the start, through conversations about current events, issues of the day, and general chit-chat, the characters' individual traits and sensibilities are clearly established. None of the passengers refer to each other by name considering they're seeing each other for the first time and don't seem too keen on forging any deeper relationships. Although a comedy on the outer level, the movie's layers reveal many observant details that indicate the Serbian society's structure and atmosphere at the time.
The old World War I veteran (played by Mića Tomić) is a cranky oldtimer on his way to Belgrade to visit his recently drafted son. He's extremely gratified that his successor is continuing the family's proud military tradition and doesn't miss an opportunity to let anybody caring to listen know about it. He's also the only passenger whose name (Aleksa Simić) we learn when he defiantly states it along with his military regalia during a random conversation.
Being extremely irritable, he is very cantankerous in his dealings with the other passengers. He basically only addresses them when he's got something to complain and vent his anger about.
The old man expresses non-verbal concern about German rampage through Europe which was already in full swing at the time, but doesn't indicate a shred of fear regarding a possible attack on Yugoslavia. At one point, in response to Germanophile's praise of German medicine and work ethic, he confidently and angrily retorts: "I gather you'd kinda like it if those scumbags came again. Bring 'em on, I was picking them off like fleas 'round these parts in 1917".
In another situation while paying for the bus ticket, the veteran asks conductor Krstić Sr. if he can ride for free, reasoning that he's taking money to his son in the military who "needs every dinar he can get". Krstić Sr. refuses, to which budding singer chimes in cynically from the back of the bus: "C'mon, let the old-timer ride for free, you can see he doesn't have a pot to piss in". Steamed by the snide comment, the veteran hops to his feet fuming and demanding to be sold 5 tickets in order to prove his buying power. Krstic Sr. turns him down again, this time angrily ("Stop annoying me old man"), and sells him a single ticket.
The Germanophile (played by Bata Stojković) is the polar opposite of the impulsive veteran, hence serving as a character foil to him. Speaking in proper and pointed tone, he displays constant subtle disdain for the surroundings he moves about in. From his straight posture with a nose pointed upwards to frequent condescending remarks, everything about him seems to indicate a personal opinion about being too good for people that surround him.
It is never explicitly indicated whether he's a Nazi sympathizer. He is, however, in utter awe of all aspects of German lifestyle. In the above testy discussion with the veteran, his parting shot regarding a possible Nazi invasion of Yugoslavia is: "Well, listen sir, at least we'd see some order around here".
The Germanophile is quick to criticize. While talking to the consumptive about a personal propensity for collecting rare rocks and folk tales, he laments the lack of interest in his activities that he encounters from everyday people.
He is also the first to castigate, chastising the young married couple for having been seen enjoying sex in the woods. As the two are doing the deed, unknowingly being peeped on by the rest of the passengers, he remarks while watching them in disgust: "Have they no shame?". When reminded by the budding singer about the fact that "we came here to watch them", the Germanophile reasons that "that has no relevance". Later on the bus, the humiliated young bride offers him her seat, but he vehemently refuses: "You've shown yourself in that bush - who you are and what you are".
Still later when it is discovered that the veteran's wallet is missing and as Krstic Sr. announces he'd search every one of the passengers until wallet is produced, the Germanophile stops him: "Why bother all these honest people when we know who around here likes to steal" pointing to two Gypsies, thus prompting their wrongful beating since the wallet was dropped along the way.
The speech patterns, manners, and visual appearance of the Germanophile are constructed in order to bear a very clear resemblance to Milan Stojadinović, the pro-German authoritarian conservative Prime Minister of Yugoslavia between 1935 and 1939.
With his Elmer Fudd-like appearance and tipsy walking style, the hunter is a spaced-out goofball used mostly for comic relief. After initially being late for the bus, he attempts to board it by hailing it midway. This leads to an absurdly funny scene in which Krstic Sr. decides to exercise some misplaced authority by refusing to allow him onto the bus, reasoning: "The stop is 200m downhill. You want someone to see me letting you on outside it and fine me?", despite their surroundings at the time being a complete wasteland with absolutely no signs of life .
The hunter is later thrown off the bus by Krstic Sr. when his rifle accidentally goes off. This was before he had the passengers angry for accidentally almost shooting the Germanophile while firing at a rabbit during an extended stopover and accidentally shooting from an army cannon...
The hunter is played by Taško Načić.
The budding singer (played by Dragan Nikolić) is a small-town dandy with dreams of turning schlager singing into a career and achieving fame. His reason for travelling to Belgrade is an audition for a singing stint at Lipov lad bohemian kafana. Since the other passengers are older and of not much interest to him, he mostly communicates with the young bride through flirtatious banter to which she seems very receptive. When the group discovers the young married couple having sex in the woods and gathers to peep on them, the singer famously quips: "The kid doesn't have a clue" - referring to the young groom's seeming awkwardness in the sack. During the peeping, the Hypochondriac inadvertently coughs and the Singer disdainfully remarks: "May God let you cough to death!", disappointed because the cough was heard by the couple, making them stop. He later openly makes a pass at the bride, offering her to stay with him in Belgrade.
The young newlyweds (played by Slavko Štimac and Neda Arnerić) offer a light-hearted injection of comedy and lust. The young bridegroom is obsessed with only two things: his constant eating and his irrepressible lust for his young bride. He seems singularly unaware, even as the singer makes every effort to seduce his young bride. The bride, meanwhile, wants nothing more than to see the big world—or at least to see Belgrade and the sea. The most memorable point in their performance is probably their comic scene of lovemaking in the bushes, while the rest of the passengers secretly assemble to watch.
From the very opening, the consumptive (played by Boro Stjepanović) is seen making health-related complaints and producing a hacking cough while holding a handkerchief up to his mouth. He is a bald, middle-aged, frail looking man with defeated demeanor and dark outlook on life that only add to his overall image of a doomed weakling.
Despite constant hacking and complaining, he's seen running and engaging in other physical activities in several scenes, leading to conclusion that some of his health issues might be exaggerated. At first some of the passengers offer positive reinforcement, but soon give up after facing his strong intent on feeling and displaying self-pity. On the other hand, he really does seem to have tuberculosis — a common disease at that time — as at one point he coughs out some blood onto his handkerchief.
A very colorful character, Mr. Krstić is the owner of the old bus the story takes place in. He is in his late 50s, overweight, seemingly harsh and greedy but very supportive of his son, and determined to help his child and himself in life. He is the owner of the bus, but he is also a pig merchant and a sort of con man. Towards the beginning of the film, he loads several pigs onto the back of the bus, despite the obvious disgust of the passengers. "When I sell the pigs in Belgrade, I'll earn more money than your tickets brought me", he says. He is also quick to criticize and throw people off his bus, but only after they have paid the ticket. His character evolves from a stereotypical grouch (although non-malevolent) at the beginning of the movie, to a loving, caring father towards the film's end. In the peeping scene, when Krstic Jr. says: "Dad, I would like to do this too", he, gaping at the young couple exhilarates: "Dad would as well, son" - a sentence which later became a very common utterance of agreement in Serbia.
The two Gypsy musicians provide a running commentary through the film, like a Greek chorus. One of them plays an accordion and sings, while the other plays a Jew's harp. The movie begins with them singing their recurring song, to which the refrain is "I'm miserable, I was born that way, I sing to sing my pain away... dear Mama, I wish this was just a dream." Near the end of the film, they are accused of stealing the veteran's wallet, and during the ensuing scuffle the bus is bombed. The musicians are the only survivors, and after they crawl out of the wreckage, the movie ends with them singing their song.
Centar Film, the state-owned production house, wanted to make Dušan Kovačević's script into a movie since 1978.
Reportedly, Goran Paskaljević was their first choice to direct the movie. He was supposed to shoot the Kovačević script as a contemporary-themed 50-minute TV movie set in the late 1970s on a public transport bus with the central character being an old man (played by Mija Aleksić) who is headed to visit his son in the army. However, Paskaljević decided to leave the project and shoot the feature film Zemaljski dani teku instead. The job then went to 33-year-old Slobodan Šijan who had never shot a feature film up to that point. Šijan described his experience:
- When I did my first film I was slightly scared, was it actually going to be funny? Because comedy is straightforward, there is no fooling around with it, if people don't laugh it's a bust.
The Mercedes-Benz O 3500 bus was chosen by the film's production designer Veljko Despotović based on the description provided by Šijan. It was rented from Jadran Film and painted red for the film. The same vehicle had appeared in earlier Yugoslav films such as Occupation in 26 Pictures (1978) and See You in the Next War (1980). For Occupation in 26 Pictures, the bus had been fitted with a removable roof used to provide natural lighting. It was, however, barely in driving condition, and for interior shots the bus was mostly pushed or towed so as not to strain the engine. The smoke and the presence of live pigs in the cramped interior space made the filming conditions very difficult for the cast and the crew.
The final bombing scene was originally meant to include wild animals from the bombed Belgrade Zoo roaming through the city's downtown, which indeed happened during actual 6 April 1941 Luftwaffe air-raids; in fact, an old newspaper article documenting this bizarre occurrence served as inspiration for the author Dušan Kovačević to include it in the film. However, at the time of movie's filming in 1980, Tito died, which resulted in the extended mourning period that effectively canceled all entertainment activities in the country - including the Italian circus tour that was meant to provide the animals for the scene. Since working with untrained zoo animals was deemed too dangerous, the film-makers reluctantly had to abandon the idea at the time. However, the idea was used in the opening scene of Underground (1995), some 15 years later.
- Pavle Vuisić as The Bus Conductor
- Dragan Nikolić as The Singer
- Danilo Stojković as Brka
- Aleksandar Berček as Miško Krstić
- Neda Arnerić as The Bride
- Mića Tomić as Aleksa Simić
- Taško Načić as The Hunter
- Boro Stjepanović as The Bald Guy
- Slavko Štimac as The Groom
- Miodrag Kostić as Musician 1
- Nenad Kostić as Musician 2
- Bora Todorović as The Mourner
- Slobodan Aligrudić as Lieutenant
- Petar Lupa as The Priest
- Stanojlo Milinković as The Plowman
- Ljubomir Ćipranić as Corporal Rajković
- Milovan Tasić as The Plowman's Son (uncredited)
Reception and reaction
The movie became an instant classic all over SFR Yugoslavia immediately upon its release. To this day, it endures as one of the most quotable movies ever to come out of the Balkans. Different scenes and dialogues are almost a part of general knowledge, with many entering public vernacular.
The film earned the special jury award at the 1981 Montréal World Film Festival.
In 1996, members of the Yugoslavian Board of the Academy of Film Art and Science (AFUN) voted this movie as the best Serbian movie made in the 1947-1995 period.
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