Who's That Knocking at My Door
|Who's That Knocking|
at My Door
|Directed by||Martin Scorsese|
|Written by||Martin Scorsese|
|Edited by||Thelma Schoonmaker|
|Distributed by||Joseph Brenner Associates|
Who's That Knocking at My Door, originally titled I Call First, is a 1967 American independent drama film written and directed by Martin Scorsese and starring Harvey Keitel and Zina Bethune. It was Scorsese's feature film directorial debut and Keitel's debut as an actor. Exploring themes of Catholic guilt similar to those in his later film Mean Streets, the story follows Italian-American J.R. (Keitel) as he struggles to accept the secret hidden by his independent and free-spirited girlfriend (Bethune).
J.R. is a typical Catholic Italian-American young man on the streets of New York City. Even as an adult, he stays close to home with a core group of friends with whom he drinks and carouses around. He gets involved with a local girl he meets on the Staten Island Ferry, and decides he wants to get married and settle down. As their relationship deepens, he declines her offer to have sex because he thinks she is a virgin and he wants to wait rather than "spoil" her.
One day, his girlfriend tells him that she was once raped by a former boyfriend. This crushes J.R., and he rejects her and attempts to return to his old life of drinking with his friends. However, after a particularly wild party with friends, he realizes he still loves her and returns to her apartment one early morning. He awkwardly tells her that he forgives her and says that he will "marry her anyway." Upon hearing this, the girl tells him marriage would never work if her past weighs on him so much. J.R. becomes enraged and calls her a whore, but quickly recants and says he is confused by the whole situation. She tells him to go home, and he returns to the Catholic church, but finds no solace.
- Zina Bethune as Girl
- Harvey Keitel as J.R.
- Ann Collette - Girl in dream
- Lennard Kuras as Joey
- Michael Scala as Sally Gaga
- Harry Northup as Harry
- Tuai Yu-Lan - Girl in dream
- Saskia Holleman - Girl in dream
- Bill Minkin as Iggy at Party
- Philip Carlson as Boy in Copake
- Wendy Russell as Gaga's Girl
- Robert Uricola as Boy with Gun
- Susan Wood as Girl at Party
- Marisa Joffrey as Girl at Party
- Catherine Scorsese as Mother
- Victor Magnotta as Boy in Fight
- Paul DeBonde as Boy in Fight
Martin Scorsese appears in an uncredited role as a gangster.
Who's That Knocking at My Door was filmed in New York City over the course of two years, undergoing many changes, new directions and different names along the way. The film began in 1965 by Scorsese as a student short film about J.R. and his do-nothing friends called Bring on the Dancing Girls. In 1967, the romance plot with Zina Bethune was introduced and spliced together with the earlier film, and the title was changed to I Call First. Haig Manoogian, Scorsese's professor at NYU, provided $5,000 in seed money before raising an additional $65,000 from independent investors. Apart from the three producers, no one who worked on the film was over the age of twenty-five.
The film was shot with a combination of 35 mm and 16 mm cameras. Scorsese shot most of the 35 mm footage with a Mitchell BNC camera, a very cumbersome camera that impeded mobility. He opted to shoot several scenes with the 16 mm Eclair NPR camera in order to introduce greater mobility, then blow up the footage to 35 mm.
The film received its world premiere at the Chicago International Film Festival in November 1967. Finally, in 1968, exploitation distributor Joseph Brenner offered to buy the picture and distribute it on the condition that a sex scene be added to give the film sex exploitation angles for marketing purposes. Scorsese shot and edited a technically beautiful but largely gratuitous montage of J.R. fantasizing about bedding a series of prostitutes (shot in Amsterdam, the Netherlands with a visibly older Keitel) and the film finally became Who's That Knocking at My Door (named for the 1959 song by The Genies which closes the film).
American critic Roger Ebert gave the film an extremely positive review after its world premiere at the Chicago International Film Festival in November 1967 (when it still went by the name I Call First). He called the film "a work that is absolutely genuine, artistically satisfying and technically comparable to the best films being made anywhere. I have no reservations in describing it as a great moment in American movies."
When the film finally received its theatrical release two years later, Ebert admitted that he had been perhaps a little over eager with his first review, admitting that "Scorsese was occasionally too obvious, and the film has serious structural flaws." However, he was still highly positive towards the film, and suggested that "It is possible that with more experience and maturity Scorsese will direct more polished, finished films."
On Rotten Tomatoes the film holds an approval rating of 70% based on 20 reviews, with an average rating of 5.6/10. On Metacritic, the film has a weighted average score of 63 out of 100 based on nine critics, indicating "generally favorable reviews."
Notable appearances and cameos
Martin Scorsese's mother, Catherine, appears briefly as J.R.'s mother cooking at the beginning of the film and serving food near the end. Mrs. Scorsese would continue to appear in many of her son's films until her death in 1997. Scorsese himself appears uncredited as one of the gangsters. To this day, he still makes cameo appearances in many of his films.
The role of Sally Gaga is played by Michael Scala, the father of rapper Pizon.
- Canby, Vincent (September 9, 1969). "A First Feature: Scorsese's 'Who's That Knocking at My Door'". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 2015-12-09.
- "Chicago International Film Festival (1967)". IMDb. Retrieved 11 July 2019.
- "DVD Verdict Review: "Who's That Knocking at My Door"". DVD Verdict. Retrieved 2007-11-01.
- "'Door' Retitled 'J.R.'". Daily Variety. February 11, 1970. p. 2.
- "Martin Scorsese Biography (1942-)". NetIndustries, LLC. Retrieved 2007-11-01.
- Ebert, Roger. "Who's That Knocking at My Door? Movie Review (1967) |". www.rogerebert.com. Retrieved 2015-07-27.
- "Who's That Knocking at My Door? (1967)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved October 25, 2017.
- "Who's That Knocking at My Door? Reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved August 17, 2021.