Who Were the Shudras?

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Who Were the Shudras? is a book written by B.R. Ambedkar.[1][2] Ambedkar dedicated the book to Mahatma Jyotiba Phule (1827–1890).

Subject of the book[edit]

In this book Ambedkar argues that the Shudras were originally Aryans belonging to the Kshatriya class. Ambedkar further argues that the Brahmins brought about the degradation of the Shudras. Relations have also been drawn between the wide acceptance of Mahars in Hinduism as outcasts and untouchables due to their affirmation to Buddhist practices.

In a separate chapter, Dr. Ambedkar also expresses his view regarding the Partition of India, 1947, stating that if the Muslim community demanded a separate state their interests must be safeguarded as a threat would lay to Indian security and stability due to divided interests, as well as a chance of rebellion soon after the Independence of India.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Ambedkar (1949). Who were the Shudras?. Bombay: Thackers. 
  2. ^ Karmarkar, A.P. (1946), "Review: Who were the Shudras? by Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar", Annals of the Bhandarkar Oriental Research Institute 30, 1 (2): 158–160  – via JSTOR (subscription required)

External links[edit]