Whole30

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The Whole30 is a 30-day fad diet that emphasizes whole foods and the elimination of sugar, alcohol, grains, legumes, soy, and dairy.[1][2] The Whole30 is similar to but more restrictive than the paleo diet, as adherents may not eat natural sweeteners like honey or maple syrup.[3]

While the Whole30 diet's emphasis on protein and whole foods is aligned with mainstream advice, dieticians have criticized it for its restrictive nature, its "bizarre" exclusions, and its possible negative effects on dieters' social lives.[1][4] It was ranked 38th out of 41 diets by U.S. News & World Report in 2019[5] and 35th out of 39 in 2021.[6]

Description[edit]

Foods allowed during the program include meat, nuts, seeds, seafood, eggs, vegetables, and fruits. During the Whole30, participants are advised not to count calories or to weigh themselves.[3] After the program is complete, participants are counselled to strategically reintroduce foods outside the endorsed Whole30 list, document the health consequences and culinary value of these additions, and determine whether the addition is desired.[7] The program's founders believe that sugar, grains, dairy, alcohol, and legumes affect weight, energy, and stress levels.[8] Losing weight is not a focus of Whole30; calorie-counting and weigh-ins are not allowed.[3]

History[edit]

The program was created by wife and husband Melissa (Hartwig) Urban and Dallas Hartwig in April 2009.[9][10] They both became certified sports nutritionists; he worked as a physical therapist, and she was working at an insurance company during the day and doing nutritional consulting in her spare time. She quit her job to run the Whole30 business in 2010.[11] They co-authored It Starts With Food (2012) and The Whole30: The 30-Day Guide to Total Health and Food Freedom (2015).[12] They separated in 2015.[13] Melissa (Hartwig) Urban took over the business,[11] and published Food Freedom Forever: Letting Go of Bad Habits, Guilt, and Anxiety Around Food in 2016.[14]

In July 2016, a New York Times article on use of Instagram by dieters noted that participants in the Whole30 program had shared over one million Instagram posts using the #Whole30 hashtag, and noted that those sharing the tag were "one of seemingly endless like-minded communities," comparing it with the over 3.5 million posts under the #WeightWatchers hashtag.[15]

Criticisms[edit]

No studies that specifically look into the health impacts of the Whole30 had been conducted as of 2019.[16] While dietitians generally agree with the program's emphasis on proteins, vegetables and unprocessed foods and the avoidance of added sugars and alcohol, they also view the diet as too extreme.[3][9] Some nutrition researchers have meticulously evaluated the claims made in the program and found them to lack any evidence.[17]

The diet ranked last among 38 popular diets evaluated by U.S. News & World Report in its 2016 Best Diets Rankings; one of the raters, dietitian Meridan Zerner said: "We want behavioral changes and dietary changes that are slow and progressive and meaningful."[3] David L. Katz said of the diet: "The grouping [of banned foods] is both random, and rather bizarre from a nutrition perspective. If the idea is good nutrition, cutting out whole grains and legumes is at odds with a boatload of evidence."[1] It was selected as one of the worst health trends for 2013 by Health Magazine.[18]

In 2017, the diet was ranked last (out of 38 diets) by U.S. News & World Report on account of its extremely restrictive nature and likely adverse effects on a dieter's social life.[4] In 2018, the Whole30 was ranked 37 out of 40 by U.S. News & World Report,[19] and in 2019, it was ranked 38th out of 41.[5]

Marketing[edit]

As of 2018, the "Whole30" trademark had been licensed to Applegate, Blue Apron, Whole Foods Market, Snap Kitchen, and Thrive Market.[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Willett, Megan (June 25, 2015). "Millennials are obsessed with Whole 30, the 'cultish' fad diet taking over Instagram and Pinterest". Business Insider. Archived from the original on 15 February 2018. Retrieved 28 September 2016.
  2. ^ Rini, Jen (September 19, 2016). "Whole30: is the restrictive diet worth it?". The News-Journal. Archived from the original on 9 December 2017. Retrieved 28 September 2016.
  3. ^ a b c d e Cho, Hannah (May 22, 2016). "Is the Whole30 diet right for you? Program has ardent supporters but some experts worry that it's too restrictive". Dallas Morning News. Archived from the original on 7 March 2018. Retrieved 28 September 2016.
  4. ^ a b Rachel Hosie (5 January 2017). "Whole30 is ranked the worst fad diet, health experts reveal — The restrictive plan has been ranked the worst out of 38 diets". The Independent. Archived from the original on 10 April 2019. Retrieved 10 April 2019.
  5. ^ a b "Whole30 Diet". U.S. News Best Diet Rankings 2019. Archived from the original on 27 June 2019. Retrieved 27 June 2019.
  6. ^ "Whole30 Diet". U.S. News Best Diet Rankings 2021. Retrieved 6 January 2019.
  7. ^ "Whole30: It All Starts with Food". WGN TV. June 28, 2015. Archived from the original on 11 February 2018. Retrieved 28 September 2016.
  8. ^ Cahn, Megan (April 28, 2014). "Why the Whole30 Diet Is Taking Over Instagram". Elle. Archived from the original on 31 January 2018. Retrieved 28 September 2016.
  9. ^ a b Medaris Miller, Anna (December 15, 2014). "Should You Try the Whole30 Diet?". U.S. News & World Report. Archived from the original on 2 October 2016. Retrieved 28 September 2016.
  10. ^ Urban, Melissa, author. (23 April 2015). The whole30 : the 30-day guide to total health and food freedom. ISBN 978-1-4736-1955-5. OCLC 908510978.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  11. ^ a b c Montag, Ali (3 April 2018). "The co-founder of cult diet Whole30 was once a drug addict — here's how she found huge success". CNBC. Archived from the original on 10 September 2018. Retrieved 10 September 2018.
  12. ^ Davis-Flynn, Jennifer. "The Whole30: A Chat with Authors Melissa and Dallas Hartwig". Clean Eating Magazine. Archived from the original on 12 July 2015. Retrieved 28 July 2015.
  13. ^ "Dallas and I are officially separating..." Melissa Hartwig on Instagram. June 24, 2015. and "Melissa and I are officially separating..." Instagram. Dallas Hartwig on Instagram. June 24, 2015.
  14. ^ "Food Freedom Forever: Letting Go of Bad Habits, Guilt, and Anxiety Around Food". Publisher's Weekly. Archived from the original on 14 October 2016. Retrieved 28 September 2016.
  15. ^ Rogers, Katie (July 7, 2016). "Why Dieters Flock to Instagram". New York Times. Archived from the original on 12 June 2018. Retrieved 28 September 2016.
  16. ^ Johnson, Jon (May 9, 2019). "What to know about the Whole30 diet". Medical News Today. Archived from the original on 27 June 2019. Retrieved 27 June 2019.
  17. ^ "It Starts With Food: A Critical Review Introduction". Nutrition As I Know It. Archived from the original on 2016-08-20. Retrieved 2020-05-18.
  18. ^ Fetters, K. Aleisha (November 20, 2013). "Best and Worst Health Trends of 2013: Worst: Whole30 diet". Health. Archived from the original on October 1, 2016. Retrieved September 29, 2016.
  19. ^ Oliver, David (May 18, 2018). "Health Buzz: Why the Whole30 Diet Is Ranked So Low on the U.S. News Best Diets List". U.S. News & World Report. Archived from the original on 26 June 2019. Retrieved 27 June 2019.

External links[edit]