Whole Lotta Shakin' Goin' On

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"Whole Lotta Shakin' Goin' On"
Whole Lotta Shakin' Goin' On by Big Maybelle US 7-inch Side-A.png
Single by Big Maybelle
B-side"One Monkey Don't Stop No Show"
Released1955
GenreR&B
Length3:00
LabelOkeh
Songwriter(s)Dave "Curlee" Williams
Big Maybelle singles chronology
"Don't Leave Poor Me"
(1955)
"Whole Lotta Shakin' Goin' On"
(1955)
"Such a Cutie"
(1956)

"Whole Lotta Shakin' Goin' On" (sometimes rendered "Whole Lot of Shakin' Going On") is a song written by Dave "Curlee" Williams and sometimes also credited to James Faye "Roy" Hall. The song was first recorded by Big Maybelle, though the best-known version is the 1957 rock and roll/rockabilly version by Jerry Lee Lewis.

Origins of the song[edit]

The origins of the song are disputed, but the writing is usually co-credited to singer/songwriter Dave "Curlee" Williams, and pianist and club owner James Faye "Roy" Hall. Hall explained:

We was down in Pahokee, on Lake Okeechobee ... out on a damn pond, fishin' and milkin' snakes ... This guy down there had a big bell that he's ring to get us all to come in to dinner, an' I'd call over [and] say, 'What's goin' on?' Colored guy said, 'We got twen'y-one drums, we got an old bass horn, an' they even keepin' time on a ding-dong.' See, that was the big bell they'd ring to git us t'come in.[1]

On March 21, 1955, Big Maybelle made the first recording for Okeh Records. The songwriting was credited to D. C. Williams, and the session was conducted and arranged by Quincy Jones.[2] Roy Hall recorded the song in September 1955 for Decca Records and maintained that he had written it and had secured the legal copyright as co-writer under the pseudonym of "Sunny David".[3] On the Pop Chronicles documentary, Jerry Lee Lewis incorrectly credited Big Mama Thornton.[4]

Jerry Lee Lewis version[edit]

"Whole Lot of Shakin' Going On"
Whole Lot of Shakin' Going On single.jpg
Single by Jerry Lee Lewis
B-side"It'll Be Me"
ReleasedApril 15, 1957 (1957-04-15)
GenreRock and roll, rockabilly
Length2:52
LabelSun
Songwriter(s)Dave "Curlee" Williams, James Faye "Roy" Hall
Producer(s)Jack Clement
Jerry Lee Lewis singles chronology
"Crazy Arms"
(1956)
"Whole Lot of Shakin' Going On"
(1957)
"Great Balls of Fire"
(1957)

Lewis had been performing the song in his stage act and recorded it at his second recording session for Sun Records in February 1957. Supervised by producer Jack Clement, Lewis radically altered the original, adding a propulsive boogie piano that was complemented by J.M. Van Eaton's energetic drumming and Roland Janes' "muted" guitar[5] and also added suggestive spoken asides. The song was engineered by Jack "Cowboy" Clement,[6][better source needed] who told Lewis when he entered the studio, "We don't do much country around here. We're in the rock & roll business. You ought to go home and work up some rock & roll numbers".[7] Lewis later stated: "I knew it was a hit when I cut it. Sam Phillips thought it was gonna be too risqué, it couldn't make it. If that's risqué, well, I'm sorry."[8]

Sun released the song on a single, which reached No. 3 on the Billboard Hot 100 and No. 1 on the magazine's R&B record charts.[9] A record review appeared in Billboard on May 27, 1957. The single also hit No. 1 on the country charts, and No. 8 in the UK.[citation needed] Lewis became an instant sensation and as music writer Robert Gordon noted: "Jerry Lee began to show that in this new emerging genre called rock 'n' roll, not everybody was going to stand there with a guitar."[10]

American music critic Cub Koda described the song as a "rock & roll classic",[11] while scholar Charles L. Ponce de Leon said it was "perhaps the quintessential rockabilly anthem".[12] Lewis's version of the song is ranked as the 61st greatest song of all time by Rolling Stone magazine.[13] In 2005, it was selected for permanent preservation in the National Recording Registry at the Library of Congress.[7]

Levi Kreis version[edit]

Levi Kreis, portraying Lewis, sang the song in the Broadway musical "Million Dollar Quartet", which opened in New York in April 2010.[14] Kreis's version is included on the Million Dollar Quartet original Broadway cast recording.[15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Tosches, Nick (1984). Unsung Heroes of Rock'n'Roll. Secker & Warburg. pp. 109–113. ISBN 0-436-53203-4.
  2. ^ Heller, Jason. "Quincy Jones: 20 Great Productions". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 23 May 2019.
  3. ^ A Decca sample copy of Hall's recording lists Dave Williams as the sole writer. "Catalog of Copyright Entries: Third Series" lists the owners of the copyright as Dave Williams (David Williams) and Sunny David (pseud. of Miriam S. Davidson).[1]
  4. ^ "Show 8 - The All American Boy: Enter Elvis and the rock-a-billies. [Part 2] : UNT Digital Library". Digital.library.unt.edu. 9 July 2015. Retrieved 18 July 2015.
  5. ^ Guralnick, Peter, Sam Phillips: The Man Who Invented Rock 'N' Roll, Little, Brown and Company, New York, 2015 p. 337
  6. ^ "JACK "COWBOY" CLEMENT INTERVIEW (circa 1977)". Cowboyjackclement.com. Retrieved 18 July 2015.
  7. ^ a b "Jerry Lee Lewis: 'Whole Lotta Shakin' Goin' On'". Sound on Sound. Retrieved 23 September 2015.
  8. ^ Lee, Jerry. "Jerry Lee Lewis: 'Whole Lotta Shakin' Goin' On'". NPR. Retrieved 18 July 2015.
  9. ^ Whitburn, Joel (2004). Top R&B/Hip-Hop Singles: 1942–2004. Record Research. p. 347.
  10. ^ "Jerry Lee Lewis: 'Whole Lotta Shakin' Goin' On'". NPR. 2009. Retrieved 23 September 2015.
  11. ^ Koda, Cub (2003). "Big Maybelle". In Bogdanov, Vladimir (ed.). All Music Guide to Soul: The Definitive Guide to R&B and Soul. Hal Leonard Corporation. p. 52. ISBN 0879307447.
  12. ^ Ponce de Leon, Charles L. (2007). Fortunate Son: The Life of Elvis Presley. Macmillan Publishers. p. 53. ISBN 0809016419.
  13. ^ "500 Greatest Songs of All Time". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 23 September 2015.
  14. ^ Zielinski, Peter James. "Photo Coverage: MILLION DOLLAR QUARTET Opens on Broadway". Broadwayworld.com. Retrieved 2 September 2017.
  15. ^ MDQ Merchandising LLC (2010). "Song List" and "Performing Credits". In Million Dollar Quartet (p. 5) [CD booklet]. New York City: Avatar Studios; and Chicago: Chicago Recording Company.