Wichita County, Texas

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Wichita County
The Wichita County Courthouse in downtown Wichita Falls
The Wichita County Courthouse in downtown Wichita Falls
Map of Texas highlighting Wichita County
Location within the U.S. state of Texas
Map of the United States highlighting Texas
Texas's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 33°59′N 98°43′W / 33.99°N 98.71°W / 33.99; -98.71
Country United States
State Texas
FoundedFebruary 1, 1882
SeatWichita Falls
Largest cityWichita Falls
Area
 • Total633 sq mi (1,640 km2)
 • Land628 sq mi (1,630 km2)
 • Water5.3 sq mi (14 km2)  0.8%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total129,350
 • Density200/sq mi (79/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district13th
Websitewichitacountytx.com

Wichita County (/ˈwɪɪtɔː/ WITCH-i-taw) is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2020 census, its population was 129,350.[1] The county seat is Wichita Falls.[2] The county was created in 1858 and organized in 1882.[3] Wichita County is part of the Wichita Falls, Texas, TX Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 633 square miles (1,640 km2), of which 628 square miles (1,630 km2) is land and 5.3 square miles (14 km2) (0.8%) is water.[4] The county is drained by the Wichita River and other streams.[5]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Geology[edit]

Wichita County is part of the Texas Red Beds, which are strata of red-colored sedimentary rock from the Early Permian. The fossils of Permian period vertebrates in the Texas Red Beds were first discovered by Edward Drinker Cope in 1877.[6][7] Subsequent research has revealed rare fossils of Permian period amphibians like Trimerorhachis,[8] as well as rich deposits of other Permian tetrapods such as Dimetrodon and Diadectes.[9]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880433
18904,8311,015.7%
19005,80620.2%
191016,094177.2%
192072,911353.0%
193074,4162.1%
194073,604−1.1%
195098,49333.8%
1960123,52825.4%
1970120,563−2.4%
1980121,0820.4%
1990122,3781.1%
2000131,6647.6%
2010131,500−0.1%
2020129,350−1.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]
1850–2010[11] 2020[12]

2020 census[edit]

Wichita County, Texas - Demographic Profile
(NH = Non-Hispanic)
Race / Ethnicity Pop 2010[13] Pop 2020[12] % 2010 % 2020
White alone (NH) 90,001 79,694 68.44% 61.61%
Black or African American alone (NH) 13,322 13,379 10.13% 10.34%
Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH) 1,087 992 0.83% 0.77%
Asian alone (NH) 2,586 2,647 1.97% 2.05%
Pacific Islander alone (NH) 85 140 0.06% 0.11%
Some Other Race alone (NH) 109 476 0.08% 0.37%
Mixed Race/Multi-Racial (NH) 2,451 6,219 1.86% 4.81%
Hispanic or Latino (any race) 21,859 25,803 16.62% 19.95%
Total 131,500 129,350 100.00% 100.00%

Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.

2000 Census[edit]

As of the census[14] of 2000, there were 131,664 people, 48,441 households, and 32,891 families residing in the county. The population density was 210 people per square mile (81/km2). There were 53,304 housing units at an average density of 85 per square mile (33/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 78.76% White, 10.23% Black or African American, 0.89% Native American, 1.84% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 5.51% from other races, and 2.68% from two or more races. 12.23% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 48,441 households, out of which 33.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.30% were married couples living together, 11.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.10% were non-families. In 2000, there were 1,869 unmarried partner households: 1,677 heterosexual, 94 same-sex male, and 98 same-sex female.

27.20% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.04.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 25.20% under the age of 18, 13.70% from 18 to 24, 29.00% from 25 to 44, 19.50% from 45 to 64, and 12.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females, there were 103.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 103.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $33,780, and the median income for a family was $40,937. Males had a median income of $28,687 versus $21,885 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,965. About 10.30% of families and 13.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.40% of those under age 18 and 9.80% of those age 65 or over.

Government and infrastructure[edit]

The Texas Department of Criminal Justice James V. Allred Unit is located in Wichita Falls.[15][16][17][18] Wichita County Commissioner Court members: County Judge Woodrow “Woody” Gossom, Commissioner Pct. 1 Mark Beauchamp, Commissioner Pct. 2 Mickey Fincannon, Commissioner Pct. 3 Barry Mahler, and Commissioner Pct. 4 Jeff Watts

The Sheriff of Wichita County is David Duke. He first took office on January 1, 2009.[19]

Politics[edit]

Wichita County is represented in the Texas House of Representatives by the Republican James Frank, a businessman from Wichita Falls. Wichita County has about 77% of the population of Texas' 69th state house district, 18% of the population of the 13th congressional district, and 15% of the population of the 30th state senate district.

Presidential elections[edit]

In 2008, Wichita County cast the majority of its votes for Republican John McCain. He won 69% of the vote and 31,673 votes. Democrat Barack Obama received 30% of the vote and 13,828 votes. Other candidates received 1% of the vote. In 2004, Republican George W. Bush did better than John McCain and won 71% of the vote and 32,472 votes. Democrat John F. Kerry won 28% of the vote and 12,819 votes.

United States presidential election results for Wichita County, Texas[20]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 32,069 69.65% 13,161 28.59% 810 1.76%
2016 27,631 72.49% 8,770 23.01% 1,718 4.51%
2012 29,812 72.68% 10,525 25.66% 681 1.66%
2008 31,731 69.01% 13,868 30.16% 383 0.83%
2004 32,472 71.30% 12,819 28.15% 254 0.56%
2000 27,802 65.09% 14,108 33.03% 803 1.88%
1996 20,495 51.30% 15,775 39.49% 3,680 9.21%
1992 17,956 38.53% 17,021 36.52% 11,631 24.95%
1988 23,324 56.08% 17,956 43.17% 310 0.75%
1984 28,932 64.18% 16,009 35.51% 139 0.31%
1980 22,884 54.98% 17,657 42.42% 1,084 2.60%
1976 19,024 46.10% 22,017 53.35% 225 0.55%
1972 25,197 68.69% 10,948 29.85% 537 1.46%
1968 11,937 35.72% 15,387 46.05% 6,090 18.23%
1964 8,585 30.96% 19,131 68.99% 14 0.05%
1960 12,587 46.25% 14,587 53.60% 39 0.14%
1956 12,181 48.83% 12,726 51.01% 41 0.16%
1952 12,197 47.40% 13,505 52.49% 29 0.11%
1948 2,887 18.20% 12,235 77.11% 744 4.69%
1944 1,597 10.93% 11,392 77.94% 1,627 11.13%
1940 2,206 15.89% 11,672 84.05% 9 0.06%
1936 1,327 12.30% 9,428 87.39% 33 0.31%
1932 1,479 14.20% 8,889 85.36% 45 0.43%
1928 7,226 59.82% 4,853 40.18% 0 0.00%
1924 2,189 25.81% 5,831 68.75% 461 5.44%
1920 1,487 27.49% 3,812 70.46% 111 2.05%
1916 347 13.47% 2,108 81.80% 122 4.73%
1912 108 7.35% 1,124 76.51% 237 16.13%


Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Town[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Education[edit]

School districts serving the county include:[21]

The county is in the service area of Vernon College.[22]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Wichita County, Texas". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 30, 2022.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ "Texas: Individual County Chronologies". Texas Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2008. Retrieved May 27, 2015.
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved May 12, 2015.
  5. ^ Ripley, George; Dana, Charles A., eds. (1879). "Wichita. I. An unorganized N. W. county of Texas" . The American Cyclopædia.
  6. ^ Cope, E. D. Descriptions of extinct vertebrata from the Permian and Triassic formations of the United States. Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, 1877. Volume 17:182–195. JSTOR. Accessed on August 28, 2017.
  7. ^ Case, E.C. The Red Beds between Wichita Falls, Texas, and Las Vegas, New Mexico, in Relation to Their Vertebrate Fauna. The Journal of Geology, vol. 22, no. 3, 1914, pp. 243–259. JSTOR. Accessed on August 28, 2017.
  8. ^ Henry, Randy. NRCS and Landowner Team Up With Houston Museum after Rare Species Discovery. Natural Resources Conservation Service. Accessed on August 28, 2017.
  9. ^ Caulfield, Dave. Prehistoric Predators: Fossil Findings in Seymour 'Redefining'. Newschannel 6: October 25, 2015. Accessed on August 28, 2017.
  10. ^ "Census of Population and Housing from 1790". US Census Bureau. Retrieved January 24, 2022.
  11. ^ "Texas Almanac: Population History of Counties from 1850–2010" (PDF). Texas Almanac. Retrieved May 12, 2015.
  12. ^ a b "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE - 2020: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Wichita County, Texas". United States Census Bureau.
  13. ^ "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE - 2010: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Wichita County, Texas". United States Census Bureau.
  14. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  15. ^ "Allred Unit Archived 2010-07-25 at the Wayback Machine." Texas Department of Criminal Justice. Retrieved on May 10, 2010.
  16. ^ "Sheet Number 1." City of Wichita Falls. Retrieved on September 22, 2010.
  17. ^ "Sheet Number 2." City of Wichita Falls. Retrieved on September 22, 2010.
  18. ^ "Sheet Number 9." City of Wichita Falls. Retrieved on September 22, 2010.
  19. ^ Wichita County Sheriff's Office Website
  20. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved August 1, 2018.
  21. ^ "2020 CENSUS - SCHOOL DISTRICT REFERENCE MAP: Wichita County, TX" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved June 29, 2022. - Text list
  22. ^ Texas Education Code, Sec. 130.207. VERNON REGIONAL JUNIOR COLLEGE DISTRICT SERVICE AREA.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 33°59′N 98°43′W / 33.99°N 98.71°W / 33.99; -98.71