Wichita Lineman

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This article is about the song. For the album, see Wichita Lineman (album). For the horse, see Wichita Lineman (horse).
"Wichita Lineman"
"Wichita Lineman" single cover
Single by Glen Campbell
from the album Wichita Lineman
B-side "Fate of Man"
Released October 1968
Format 7" vinyl
Recorded
Genre Country, pop
Length 3:05
Label Capitol 2302
Writer(s) Jimmy Webb
Producer(s) Al De Lory
Glen Campbell singles chronology
"Gentle on My Mind"
(1968)
"Wichita Lineman"
(1968)
"Galveston"
(1969)

"Wichita Lineman" is a song written by American songwriter Jimmy Webb in 1968. It was first recorded by American country music artist Glen Campbell with backing from members of The Wrecking Crew[1] and widely covered by other artists. Campbell's version, which appeared on his 1968 album of the same name, reached #3 on the U.S. pop chart, remaining in the Top 100 for 15 weeks. In addition, the song also topped the American country music chart for two weeks, and the adult contemporary chart for six weeks.[2] It was certified gold by the RIAA in January 1969.[3] The song reached #7 in the UK. In Canada, the single also topped both the RPM national and country singles charts.[4][5]

In 2004, Rolling Stone magazine's list of the "500 Greatest Songs of All Time" ranked "Wichita Lineman" at #192. It has been referred to as "the first existential country song".[6] British music journalist Stuart Maconie called it "the greatest pop song ever composed";[7] and the BBC referred to it as "one of those rare songs that seems somehow to exist in a world of its own – not just timeless but ultimately outside of modern music".[8]

"Wichita Lineman" featured in series 12 of BBC Radio 4's Soul Music, a documentary series featuring stories behind pieces of music with a powerful emotional impact.[9]

Background and content[edit]

Jimmy Webb's inspiration for the lyric came while driving through Washita County in rural southwestern Oklahoma. At that time, many telephone companies were county-owned utilities, and their linemen were county employees. Heading westward on a straight road (arguably Country Road 152) into the setting sun, Webb drove past a seemingly endless line of telephone poles, each looking exactly the same as the last. Then, in the distance, he noticed the silhouette of a solitary lineman atop a pole. He described it as "the picture of loneliness". Webb then "put himself atop that pole and put that phone in his hand" as he considered what the lineman was saying into the receiver.[10] Glen Campbell added in a statement to the Dallas Observer that Webb wrote the song about his first love affair with a woman who married someone else.[10]

The actual song lyrics mention the name "Wichita" rather than Washita. Campbell said it was because: "Wichita sings better." The musicians used on the recording included Campbell, Al Casey and James Burton (guitar), Carol Kaye (bass), Jim Gordon (drums), Jimmy Webb and Al De Lory (piano).[11] The orchestral arrangements were by De Lory.[citation needed]

The lyrics describe the loneliness that a telephone or electric power lineman feels while he works and his longing for an absent lover.[citation needed]

The phrase "singing in the wire" can refer to the sonic vibration commonly induced by wind blowing across small wires and conductors, making these lines whistle or whine like an aeolian harp.[citation needed] It could also, or even simultaneously, refer to the sounds that a lineman might hear when attaching a telephone earpiece to a long stretch of raw telephone or telegraph line, i.e., without typical line equalisation and filtering.[12] In the recording, a notable feature of the orchestral arrangement is the effort of the violins and keyboards to mimic these ethereal sounds and morse code, and the lyric "I can hear you through the whine" further alludes to them.[citation needed]

Structure[edit]

The song consists of two verses, each divided into two parts. The first part is in the key of F major, while the second is written in D major. D represents the relative minor position to F, so a D minor (as opposed to major) section would be expected. The fact that it is nevertheless set in D major arguably contributes to the unique and appealing character of the song.

The lyrics follow the key dichotomy, with the first part of each verse (F major) handling issues related to a lineman's job (e.g. "searching for another overload", "if it snows, that stretch down South won't ever stand the strain", whereas the second part (D major) dwells on the lineman's romantic thoughts. Set off against the F major of the first part, the D major of the second part sounds distinctively mellowly, which is consistent with its content.

Cover versions[edit]

Many adult MOR ("middle of the road") artists, including Tom Jones, Johnny Mathis, Robert Goulet, Andy Williams, Bobby Goldsboro, and Englebert Humperdinck, have covered the song, most of them shortly after the original version was a hit. There were also many instrumental versions, including a notable one by José Feliciano. The song has also been covered by The Meters, Sergio Mendes & Brasil '66, Kool & The Gang, Urge Overkill, Naked Prey, Freedy Johnston, Optiganally Yours, Dennis Brown, Shawn Lee, Scud Mountain Boys, Blueground Undergrass, Smokey Robinson and the Miracles, James Taylor, R.E.M., The Clouds, Earl Van Dyke, King Harvest and Johnny Cash, Heaven 17 (as B.E.F.), and Los Angeles based garage band Stray Dog. Jazz pianist Alan Pasqua developed an arrangement of the song for jazz trio that appears on his album My New Old Friend and Peter Erskine's album The Interlochen Concert.

Other covers of the song include Wade Hayes, who released a version in August 1997[13] that peaked at number 55 on the U.S. country music charts. It was to have been included on an album entitled Tore Up from the Floor Up, but due to its poor chart performance, the album was delayed. That album was finally released in 1998 as When the Wrong One Loves You Right, with the "Wichita Lineman" cover excluded.[14] A German cover version was Thomas Fritsch's "Der Draht in der Sonne" (English: the wire in the sun).[15]

A song by The KLF called "Wichita Lineman Was a Song I Once Heard" appeared on Chill Out (1990) with reference to the track.

Charts and sales[edit]

Chart positions[edit]

Chart (1968–1969) Peak
position
Australia (Go-Set)[16] 15
Canada (RPM) 1
Canada Country (RPM) 1
Ireland (IRMA) 12
New Zealand (RIANZ) 10
United Kingdom (The Official Charts Company) 7
U.S. Billboard Hot Country Singles 1
U.S. Billboard Hot 100 3
U.S. Billboard Hot Adult Contemporary Tracks 1

Year-end charts[edit]

Chart (1969) Peak
position
Canada (RPM) 17
United Kingdom (The Official Charts Company) 56

Chart successions[edit]

Preceded by
"Those Were the Days" by Mary Hopkin
US Billboard Easy Listening Singles number-one single
(Glen Campbell version)

14 December 1968 (6 weeks)
Succeeded by
"I've Gotta Be Me" by Sammy Davis Jr.
Preceded by
"Born to Be with You"
by Sonny James
US Billboard Hot Country Singles
number-one single

21 – 28 December 1968
Succeeded by
"Daddy Sang Bass"
by Johnny Cash
Preceded by
"Love Child"
by Diana Ross & the Supremes
Canadian RPM 100
number-one single

16–23 December 1968
Succeeded by
"Soulful Strut"
by Young-Holt Unlimited
Preceded by
"I Take a Lot of Pride in What I Am"
by Merle Haggard
Canadian RPM Country Tracks
number-one single

13 – 20 January 1969
Succeeded by
"I Take a Lot of Pride in What I Am"
by Merle Haggard

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hartman, Kent (2012). The Wrecking Crew. St. Martin’s Griffin. pp. 261–263. ISBN 978-1-250-03046-7. 
  2. ^ Whitburn, Joel (2002). Top Adult Contemporary: 1961-2001. Record Research. p. 43. 
  3. ^ RIAA searchable database
  4. ^ The RPM 100, Library and Archives Canada, December 16, 1968
  5. ^ RPM Country Chart, Library and Archives Canada, January 13, 1969
  6. ^ Dylan Jones: If You Ask Me
  7. ^ Maconie, Stuart (2004). Cider With Roadies (1st ed.). London: Random House. p. 303. ISBN 0-09-189115-9. 
  8. ^ "Wichita Lineman". BBC Radio 2. April 2005. Retrieved 14 February 2011. 
  9. ^ "Soul Music - Wichita Lineman". BBC Radio 4. August 2011. Retrieved 18 September 2011. 
  10. ^ a b Robert Wilonsky (2 November 2006). "Power Lines : Jimmy Webb wrote one of the greatest songs ever. Just don't tell him that.". Dallas Observer. Retrieved 2010-01-20. 
  11. ^ "Phonograph Recording Contract" (PDF). American Federation of Musicians. Retrieved 2015-01-19. 
  12. ^ What to do if you hear radio communications on your telephone, Missouri Public Service Commission
  13. ^ "Wichita Lineman by Wade Hayes". CMT. 26 August 1997. Retrieved 27 December 2012. 
  14. ^ "Wade Hayes' "Wrong" Is Just Right for Him". Sarasota Herald-Tribune. 28 November 1997. Retrieved 23 September 2010. 
  15. ^ Discover the Original: Der Draht in der Sonne, coverinfo.de
  16. ^ "Go-Set Australian charts - 12 February 1969". Poparchives.com.au. 12 February 1969. Retrieved 8 January 2012. 
General
  • The Billboard Book of Top 40 Hits, 6th Edition, 1996

External links[edit]