Wickliffe, Kentucky

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Wickliffe, Kentucky
City
Downtown Wickliffe, KY
Downtown Wickliffe, KY
Motto: "A little piece of heaven on the river's edge"
Location of Wickliffe, Kentucky
Location of Wickliffe, Kentucky
Coordinates: 36°58′0″N 89°5′13″W / 36.96667°N 89.08694°W / 36.96667; -89.08694Coordinates: 36°58′0″N 89°5′13″W / 36.96667°N 89.08694°W / 36.96667; -89.08694
Country United States
State Kentucky
County Ballard
Area
 • Total 1.15 sq mi (2.98 km2)
 • Land 1.14 sq mi (2.96 km2)
 • Water 0.008 sq mi (0.02 km2)
Elevation 354 ft (108 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 688
 • Density 602/sq mi (232.6/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 42087
Area code(s) 270 & 364
FIPS code 21-83064
GNIS feature ID 0506708
Website www.wickliffe.ky.gov

Wickliffe is a city in Ballard County, Kentucky, United States. The population was 688 at the 2010 census.[1] It is the county seat of Ballard County.[2]

Wickliffe is part of the Paducah, KY-IL Micropolitan Statistical Area.

Geography[edit]

Wickliffe is located at 36°58′00″N 89°05′13″W / 36.966600°N 89.086822°W / 36.966600; -89.086822[3] on the east bank of the Mississippi River, about two miles south of its confluence with the Ohio River.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.2 square miles (3.0 km2), of which 0.008 square miles (0.02 km2), or 0.58%, is water.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 959
1900 995 3.8%
1910 989 −0.6%
1920 969 −2.0%
1930 1,108 14.3%
1940 1,039 −6.2%
1950 1,019 −1.9%
1960 917 −10.0%
1970 1,211 32.1%
1980 1,034 −14.6%
1990 851 −17.7%
2000 794 −6.7%
2010 688 −13.4%
Est. 2014 688 [4] 0.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 794 people, 327 households, and 216 families residing in the city. The population density was 578.3 people per square mile (223.8/km²). There were 384 housing units at an average density of 279.7 per square mile (108.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 94.33% White, 1.76% African American, 0.13% Native American, 0.88% Asian, 0.25% Pacific Islander, and 2.64% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.26% of the population.

There were 327 households out of which 25.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.1% were married couples living together, 10.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.9% were non-families. 30.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.25 and the average family size was 2.74.

In the city the population was spread out with 19.0% under the age of 18, 10.2% from 18 to 24, 25.9% from 25 to 44, 26.3% from 45 to 64, and 18.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 112.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 107.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $28,750, and the median income for a family was $35,417. Males had a median income of $30,556 versus $16,477 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,273. About 10.1% of families and 16.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.4% of those under age 18 and 25.5% of those age 65 or over.

History[edit]

Cross at the Confluence City Park

The city of Wickliffe is the site of a Mississippian culture village now known only as Wickliffe Mounds. The village was occupied from around 1100-1300 AD. Today, Wickliffe Mounds is a state historic site and home to a research center and museum.

In 1780 during the Revolutionary War, General George Rogers Clark established Fort Jefferson on a hill overlooking the Mississippi River one mile south of present-day Wickliffe. The fort was intended to protect what was then the western boundary of the infant United States from raids by the British Army and Native Americans. It was abandoned in 1781 after a siege by the Chickasaw.

The site later served as a Union Army post during the Civil War. General Ulysses S. Grant directed a demonstration against the Confederate-held position at Columbus, Kentucky, in January 1862. Troops from the post joined in capturing Fort Henry in February 1862. It served as a Union supply post for operations in the western theater of the war.

A 90-foot-tall (27 m) cross, the Fort Jefferson Memorial Cross at the Confluence, was completed in 2000 on Fort Jefferson hill.

Notable residents[edit]

  • PFC Robert Hammonds. A WW2 hero who has a US Army Kaserne named after him in Mannheim\Seckenheim, Germany: Hammonds Barracks. On 23 August 1948, Headquarters, European Command issued General Order Number 78, renaming eight installations in the Heidelberg, Karlsruhe, and Mannheim regions in honor of soldiers who had been killed or mortally wounded while performing acts of heroism in the area, and for which they later received decorations for valor. Remarkably, all but one of those men were soldiers of the 100th Infantry Division.

One of these Centurymen was Private First Class Robert M. Hammonds. Hammonds, a 19-year old native of Wickliffe, Kentucky, was a wireman with Company G, 397th Infantry Regiment. On 11 April 1945, near Heilbronn, PFC Hammonds courageously volunteered and unhesitatingly exposed himself to hostile fire to complete installation of a wire line. He had just completed his task when he was mortally wounded by a sniper's bullet. For this act of valor, he was posthumously awarded the Silver Star.


Major General Withers A. Burress, Commanding General of the 100th Infantry Division, sent a letter to PFC Hammond's mother expressing his sympathies for her loss. In his letter, General Burress promised Mrs. Hammonds that her son's "devotion to duty and his courage will not be forgotten, and will serve to inspire us to better efforts." One of the eight installations, Loretto Kaserne in Seckenheim, Germany, was officially renamed and dedicated as Hammonds Barracks in honor of PFC Hammonds in 1948.


H. P. Perrine, Commanding Officer of the Headquarters of the Military Post in Heidelberg sent Mrs. Hammonds a letter of the dedication honoring her son and his sacrifice.

Aside from the official action authorized by General Order Number 78, however, until recently there was no record of any other formal dedication of Hammonds Barracks. There was no historical marker or any other type of visible official record at the installation to reflect after whom it is named and why. To provide an appropriate and permanent tribute to PFC Hammonds, Hammonds Barracks was rededicated at a ceremony which unveiled a bronze plaque mounted on a pedestal adjacent to the flagpoles and parade field, explaining the actions of PFC Hammonds.


Members of PFC Hammonds' family traveled from the United States to attend the ceremony. World War II-era veterans of PFC Hammonds' unit, the 100th Infantry Division, also attended. Amid appropriate pomp and ceremony, Hammonds Barracks was re-dedicated in a ceremony held 22 June 2000. Lieutenant General Larry Jordan, Deputy Commanding General of the US Army, Europe (USAREUR) and Seventh Army officiated.


Representing the 100th Infantry Division Association at the ceremony were Rev. Bill Glazier, who gave the invocation and benediction, and Dr. W. Dirk Warren, who gave the remarks on behalf of the Association.


After 52 years, Private First Class Robert Hammonds' valor is celebrated on a permanent plaque near the barracks long named in his honor. General Burress' promise to Mrs. Hammonds has finally been completely fulfilled. Now and in the future, American soldiers who live in or work near these former enemy barracks will become aware of-and draw inspiration from-the selflessness and sacrifice displayed by this Centuryman on 11 April 1945.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Wickliffe city, Kentucky". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved November 18, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  4. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  5. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  6. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  • Kentucky Historical Society roadside historical marker 1309, "Fort Jefferson site," U.S. Highway 51 and 60
  • Kentucky Historical Society roadside historical marker 757, "Union Supply Base," U.S. Highway 51 and 60

External links[edit]

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