Wieland Schmied (5 February 1929 – 22 April 2014) was an Austrian art historian and critic, curator, literary scholar and writer. He was Professor of Art History at the Academy of Fine Arts, Munich from 1986, and President of the Bavarian Academy of Fine Arts from 1995 to 2004.
He was born in Frankfurt am Main in 1929, the eldest son of the Austrian philosopher Walter Schmied-Kowarzik and his second wife. He grew up in Frankfurt am Main and Friedberg, before moving to Vienna with his parents in 1939, where he studied law at the University of Vienna in Mödling. He became an Austrian citizen in 1949. He was a rector from 1988 to 1993.
As director of the Kestnergesellschaft, Hannover, Schmied organized a total of 99 exhibitions, for whose exhibition catalogs he wrote numerous forewords and other contributions. In Berlin he curated many important international exhibitions on 20th century art. In 1977, he was responsible for the "Handwriting" department at the Documenta 6 in Kassel, and continued to head the department "Neue Sachlichkeit und Surrealismus" at the 15th European Art Exhibition in Berlin. For the Goethe Institute, with Eberhard Kolb and Eberhard Roters, he curated an exhibition on visual art of the early Weimar Republic.