|• Lord Mayor||Franz Schaidhammer (Ind.)|
|• Total||30.262 km2 (11.684 sq mi)|
|• Density||840/km2 (2,200/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
Wiesloch is a city in Germany, in northern Baden-Württemberg. It is situated 13 kilometres south of Heidelberg. After Weinheim, Sinsheim and Leimen it is the fourth largest city of the Rhein-Neckar-Kreis and is in the north-central area near Heidelberg with its neighbouring town Walldorf. Also in the vicinity of Wiesloch are the cities and towns of Dielheim, Malsch (bei Wiesloch), Mühlhausen, Rauenberg and Sankt Leon-Rot.
During the reformation of the area in the 1970s Wiesloch's inhabitants exceeded 20,000. Wiesloch became a "Große Kreisstadt" on January 1, 1973, when Altwiesloch, Baiertal, Frauenweiler and Schatthausen were joined with the town of Wiesloch to form the present municipality.
Wiesloch is a twin town of:
- Sturgis, St. Joseph County, Michigan, USA
- Amarante, Portugal
- Fontenay-aux-Roses, France
- Ząbkowice Śląskie, Poland
The fossil remains of the oldest hummingbird found to date, Eurotrochilus inexpectatus, were found in a clay pit at Frauenweiler. This bird lived during the Early Oligocene (30 mya), when the area had a humid, subtropical climate similar to the northern Caribbean today.
There were three battles near Wiesloch, the Battle of Mingolsheim on April 27, 1622 (during the Thirty Years' War), the 1632 Battle of Wiesloch on August 16, 1632, (during the same war) and the 1799 Battle of Wiesloch on December 3, 1799 (during the War of the Second Coalition).
The city pharmacy in Wiesloch was the first "filling station" in the world, because Bertha Benz stopped there on August 5, 1888, on the first long distance car trip, to refill the tank of her automobile, which her husband Karl Benz had invented. She was supplied with ligroin by the apothecary Willi Ockel.
In 2008, the Bertha Benz Memorial Route was officially designated an industrial heritage route, following Bertha Benz's route on the world's first long-distance journey by automobile. It is a 194 km signposted circuit from Mannheim via Heidelberg and Wiesloch to Pforzheim in the Black Forest, and back.
The Minnesinger von Wissenlo
The Codex Manesse includes four sophisticated Middle High German lyrics in the tagelied genre ascribed to a minnesang poet von Wissenlo (meaning “from Wiesloch”). The identity of the minnesinger von Wissenlo is not known, but the poet is conjectured to be Heinrich Swendinger von Wissenloch, who lived in the second half of the 13th century. An illustration of the minnesinger in the Codex Manesse shows a lady, a child, and a knight, and includes an inauthentic escutcheon.
Wiesloch is partly situated on the southern foothills of the Odenwald, partly in the Rhine Valley and partly in the Kraichgau. Five brooks flow through Wiesloch: the Leimbach, the Gauangelbach, the Waldangelbach, the Ochsenbach, and the Maisbach.
Wiesloch includes the global headquarter of the MLP AG, a large German broker of personal finance services. It also hosts the world’s largest printing press manufacturing site, operated by Heidelberger Druckmaschinen.
- "Gemeinden in Deutschland mit Bevölkerung am 31. Dezember 2013 (Einwohnerzahlen auf Grundlage des Zensus 2011)". Statistisches Bundesamt (in German). 2014.
- World's oldest hummingbirds
- "Nu wol ûf, ritter, ez ist tac! – Die Tagelieder des von Wissenlo" Booklet accompanying music CD (same title) by Freiburger Spielleyt, distributed by Verlag der Spielleute. (The booklet includes full texts of the four known lyrics by Von Wissenlo) (German)
- Wiesloch.de official civic site (German)
- Heidelberger Druckmaschinen annual report 2006/2007, p. F-5
- Official website of the city of Wiesloch
- Wiesloch -- Industrial Center of the Heidelberg Area South (WebCite archive)
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