|Male (rear) and female (front) Eurasian wigeons.
The wigeons or widgeons are dabbling ducks in the genus Anas.
There are three extant species: the Eurasian wigeon (Anas penelope), the American wigeon (A. americana) and the Chiloé wigeon (A. sibilatrix). A fourth species, the Amsterdam wigeon (Anas marecula), became extinct in the 19th century. The wigeons are closely related to the gadwall and the falcated duck.
All three wigeons are similarly shaped, with a steep forehead and bulbous rear to the head. Males have a distinctive breeding plumage, in their eclipse plumage they resemble females, which are similar in appearance year-round. The three species' closest relatives within the genus Anas are the gadwall and the falcated duck. All three wigeon species hybridise in captivity while American and Eurasian wigeons hybridise in the wild. An American wigeon × mallard hybrid has also been recorded.
The American wigeon was formerly called the baldpate by ornithologists, and some people still use that name, especially hunters.
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- Harrop A (1994). "Field identification of American Wigeon". Birding World. 7: 50–56.
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- Larkin P (2000). "Eyelid colour of American Wigeon". British Birds. 93: 39–40.
- MacKay A (1996). "Hybrid wigeon resembling American Wigeon in Leicestershire". Birding World. 9: 146–7.
- Shiota T (1987). "A challenge in the identification of hybrid American and Eurasian Wigeon". Yacho. 496: 6, 18–19.
- Votier SC, Harrop AH, Denny M (2003). "A review of status and identification of American Wigeon in Britain and Ireland". British Birds. 96: 2–22.
- Watson GE (1970). "A presumed wild hybrid Baldpate × Eurasian Wigeon". The Auk. 87 (2): 353–7. doi:10.2307/4083926.
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