Wijeyananda Dahanayake

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Wijeyananda Dahanayake
Wijeyananda Dahanayake portrait.jpg
5th Prime Minister of Ceylon
In office
26 September 1959 – 20 March 1960
MonarchElizabeth II
Preceded bySolomon West Ridgeway Dias Bandaranaike
Succeeded byDudley Senanayake
Member of the Sri Lanka Parliament
for Galle
In office
1979 – 20 December 1988
Preceded byAlbert de Silva
Succeeded byConstituency Abolished
In office
1960 – 18 May 1977
Preceded byW. D. S. Abeygoonawardena
Succeeded byAlbert de Silva
In office
1947 – 5 December 1959
Preceded byConstituency Created
Succeeded byW. D. S. Abeygoonawardena
Personal details
Born(1901-10-22)22 October 1901
Galle, British Ceylon
Died4 May 1997(1997-05-04) (aged 95)
Galle, Sri Lanka
NationalitySri Lankan
Political partyLanka Equal Society Party
Ceylon Democratic Party
United National Party
Alma materS. Thomas' College, Mount Lavinia,
Richmond College, Galle
ProfessionPolitician, Teacher

Wijeyananda Dahanayake (Sinhala: විජයානන්ද දහනායක Tamil: விஜயானந்த தகநாயக்கா; 22 October 1901 – 4 May 1997) was a Sri Lankan politician. He was the Prime Minister of Ceylon from 1959 to 1960.[1]

Early life[edit]

The young Wijeyananda Dahanayaka attended the well known Richmond College, in Galle, Sri Lanka.

He was born as a twin in the Galle and was named Don Wijeyananda Dahanayake. His father was Don Dionesius Panditha Sepala Dahanayake, a scholar and specialist in oriental languages. His twin brother was Kalyanapriya Dahanayake.[2]

Dahanayake received his education from Richmond College in Galle and S. Thomas' College, Mount Lavinia. He became a teacher after completing his secondary education.[3]

Political career[edit]

Early years[edit]

Dahanayake became active in politics while serving as a teacher and switched to full-time politics. A Trotskyite, he was taken to courts by the British colonial administration for organizing a strike during the height of world war 2, but represented himself in court without a lawyer and won against the crown. He contested in a by-election to the State Council of Ceylon in 1944 from Bibile. Even though he lost to the bus magnate S.A. Peiris, he filed an election petition against his opponent and unseated him. He once again represented himself in court without a lawyer. In the following by-election, Dahanayake was elected to the State Council from Bibile. In 1947, he was only one of three members who voted against the Soulbury Constitution which enabled self rule for Ceylon as a dominion.[2]

In 1947, he was re-elected to the newly formed Parliament of Ceylon. He retained the seat in the next two elections in 1952 and 1956. He was a member of the socialist Lanka Sama Samaja Party (LSSP).

Minister of Education[edit]

With the landslide victory of S. W. R. D. Bandaranaike in the 1956 election in which the LSSP was part of the Bandaranaike's coalition, Dahanayake was appointed Minister of Education by Bandaranaike in 1956. In 1959, he became the acting leader of the house after the incumbent C. P. de Silva was taken to London for treatment after getting badly ill after consuming a glass of milk at a cabinet meeting.[2]

Prime Minister of Ceylon[edit]

Bandaranaike had been scheduled to go to New York to attend the UN General Assembly in late September 1959. With the absence of C. P. de Silva, Bandaranaike had sent a letter to the Governor General recommending that he appoint Dahanayake as acting Prime Minister during his absence. Bandaranaike was assassinated on September 26, 1959 and with the letter as a reference, Sir Oliver Goonetilleke, the Governor General of Ceylon appointed Dahanayake as Prime Minister. He was later confirmed by Parliament in this position. He also took on the office of cabinet minister of defence, external affairs, and education. He led the caretaker government for a year that proved to be controversial and difficult. He changed many ministers, sacking them overnight. His most notable action was the repeal of the Capital Punishment Act which suspended capital punishment in Ceylon.

Dahanayaka contested the March 1960 General Election in Ceylon being nominated from his newly formed Lanka Prajathanthravadi Pakshaya (Ceylon Democratic Party). He did not get enough votes to be re-elected as an MP, and lost his Galle constituency in that election.

Cabinet Minister[edit]

He remained a member of parliament from 1947 to 1988, with the exception of 1965 and 1977-1979, when he lost his seat. He holds the record for the longest speech in parliament of thirteen and a half hours.[2]

Death[edit]

Dahanayaka died on 4 May 1997 at the age of 95 in Galle, Sri Lanka.[4]

Personal life[edit]

Dahanayake was a simple man. When appointed Prime Minister, he moved into Temple Trees carrying his own things in an old suitcase. He found the prime minister's bed room too large and had it partitioned. When he resigned from the post of prime minister following his electoral defeat, he packed his personal belongings to the same suitcase left Temple Trees on foot and took a bus home to Galle.[2] He remained a bachelor throughout his life.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Prime Ministers of Sri Lanka Archived 25 August 2013 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ a b c d e "The legend that was Daha". Archived from the original on 2 February 2018. Retrieved 25 February 2018.
  3. ^ Dahanayake twins and their service to education
  4. ^ Midnight sacking of ministers

External links[edit]

Government offices
Preceded by
S. W. R. D. Bandaranaike
Prime Minister of Ceylon
1959–1960
Succeeded by
Dudley Senanayake