WikiTribune

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WikiTribune
The WikiTribune logo: The letter W and 'tribune' are capitalised
Wikitribune screenshot.png
The beta Wikitribune homepage, captured on 13 October 2017
Type of site
News
Available inEnglish and Spanish
HeadquartersLondon
OwnerJimmy Wales
Websitewikitribune.com
Alexa rank206,445[1]
CommercialYes[2]
RegistrationOptional
LaunchedOctober 30, 2017; 13 months ago (2017-10-30)
Content licence
Creative Commons Attribution[3]

WikiTribune (stylized as WikiTRIBUNE) is a news website where volunteers curate articles about widely publicised news by proofreading, fact-checking, suggesting possible changes, and adding sources from other, usually long established outlets. Jimmy Wales, co-founder of Wikipedia, announced the site in April 2017 as a for-profit site, not affiliated with Wikipedia or its support organisation, the Wikimedia Foundation.[4][5][6] Until October 2018, WikiTribune employed journalists with established backgrounds in the profession who researched, syndicated, and reported news.[7]

Initial crowdfunding for the site was completed in May 2017.[8] In August 2017, Peter Bale was named as the first editor of the site on their temporary publishing platform at Medium.com.[9] This was followed by a teaser article posted to Medium in September.[10]

The site opened to the public in October 2017, with a focus on "political, business and economic news, bolstered by weekly in-depth articles".[11][12] A year later, WikiTribune laid off its team of reporters and editors. "Despite the best efforts of staff, the overall structure and design didn't let the community genuinely flourish," said founder Jimmy Wales. "We didn't get very much work done." Volunteers can now publish articles without having them checked by professionals, and the site remains free to access.[13][14]

Business model[edit]

The venture was launched by Jimmy Wales, who has a "hands-on" role with the site as chief executive.[15][16]

WikiTribune is a for-profit site[6] that will be funded by donors; the more funds they raise, the more journalists they can employ (though all the journalists on staff were terminated October 2018).[17] Crowdfunding opened in April 2017.[18] Supporters are being asked to pay £10 or $15 per month,[19] but access to the news will be free.[18] It has been stated that having no shareholders, advertisers or subscribers will reduce commercial pressures.[20] Supporters who donate to the site will also help decide which subjects the site will focus on.[4]

Reporting journalists must provide the source of a fact or provide full transcripts and recordings of their interviews.[17] The public will be able to modify and update articles; however, such updates will only go live after approval by staff or trusted volunteers.[4][17]

"This will be the first time that professional journalists and citizen journalists will work side-by-side as equals writing stories as they happen, editing them live as they develop and at all times backed by a community checking and rechecking all facts," said Wales.[20] Wales intends for the project to help fight fake news online; he was reportedly motivated to address this problem after hearing the Counselor to the U.S. president, Kellyanne Conway, use the expression 'alternative facts' during an interview in January 2017.[4][21]

Staff and structure[edit]

The initial software platform for the site is a customised version of WordPress.[22] Wales' company Jimmy Group, which he incorporated earlier in April 2017, filed a trademark request for "WIKITRIBUNE" with the Intellectual Property Office, which was examining the request in April 2017.[23]

People named as involved in the project as advisors to Wales include Lily Cole, Jeff Jarvis, Guy Kawasaki, and Lawrence Lessig.[17] Funding for seven of the ten planned journalists was secured within three weeks of the launch and they were then recruited, starting with Holly Brockwell.[24][25] The initial target of funding for ten journalists was then achieved in the crowd-funding appeal. An additional $100,000 of matching support from Craig Newmark's News Integrity Initiative was also expected.[26]. Nonetheless, Wales has never disclosed how much money was raised, nor how much has been kept as profit.

In a Medium post published in May 2017, WikiTribune said it had met its funding goal, but would not start operations until later that year:[8]

Despite lots of confused comments, the end of the crowdfunding campaign doesn't mean an instantaneous launch. It means we've got enough support to start making the project happen, which involves hiring for, designing and building WikiTribune from scratch. ... We don’t have an exact date, but we're aiming to be up and running – that means producing content – by Autumn this year. We’ll do it faster if we can, but only if we can do it right.

In a Medium post published July 2017, WikiTribune introduced 3 of their initial 10 journalists as Holly Brockwell, Harry Ridgewell, and Linh Nguyen.[27]

On October 23, 2018, The Times reported that WikiTribune had laid off its team of reporters and editors, "a year after it launched with a promise to reinvent journalism." Volunteers can now publish articles without having them checked by professionals, although a new team of journalists purportedly will be hired to work in support roles. "Despite the best efforts of staff, the overall structure and design didn't let the community genuinely flourish," said founder Jimmy Wales. "We didn't get very much work done." Funded by donations rather than advertisers, the site remains free to access.[13]

Reception[edit]

Adrienne LaFrance reviewed the WikiTribune proposal in The Atlantic. She had previously worked at the Honolulu Civil Beat, which was founded by Pierre Omidyar with similar ideas of "peer news". LaFrance thought the plan was over-ambitious as a staff of ten was insufficient to cover global news stories and managing volunteer input would be time-consuming.[28]

Andrew Lih, a researcher at the American University's school of communication, expected WikiTribune's hybrid approach to be more successful than the volunteer-only model of Wikinews: "You have an operational command structure that’s based on full-time staff. The pro journalists and editors provide the supervision on how the story moves forward. The crowd does the heavy lifting on a lot of the combing, sifting, searching, checking. You let the crowd do what the crowd is good at."[29]

Sarah Baxter, deputy editor of the Sunday Times, addressed WikiTribune in the newspaper in April 2017 in "Wikipedia won't break real news, just tweak it". After critical remarks on the reliability of Wikipedia, she said: "It's the warp and weft of debate in the free press, whether digital or print, that gets to the heart of the truth, not the wacky wisdom of self-appointed crowds."[30]

Emily Bell, director of the Tow Center for Digital Journalism, reviewed coverage of the project four days after the initial announcement. She said that there was considerable scepticism which was apparent in an Ask Me Anything session held by Wales. She thought that WikiTribune would duplicate work which was already being done and gave examples such as David Fahrenthold's Pulitzer prize-winning coverage of the United States presidential election for the Washington Post, during which he used Twitter to engage with the public.[31]

Zahera Harb, a lecturer in journalism at City University of London, questioned the site's reliance on unpaid volunteers, saying, "I see a model closer to 'exploitation' than anything else." She also wrote that the site would be susceptible to error and bias: "In this system, we will encounter mistakes similar to those we have been seeing in Wikipedia. Those mistakes tend to cause the same harm as fake news. ... Meddling with Wikipedia accounts has become a tool in media wars between political and economic rivals and also between countries that are in conflict over territory or that have conflicting historical narratives."[32]

Staff at a media law firm, Hogan Lovells, speculated whether the proposed collaborative model of journalism would provide sufficient protection against the English Defamation Act 2013 and concluded that the matter was not certain in law and so would depend upon the outcome of future court actions.[33]

WikiTribune has been compared to CORRECT!V, a non-profit investigative journalism centre in Germany;[19] De Correspondent, a Dutch news site financed by crowd-funding and charities;[4] Krautreporter, German news website supported by crowd-funding;[34] ProPublica, an investigative journalism website supported by donations;[35] and International Consortium of Investigative Journalists, the host of the Panama Papers.[36]

According to The London Times, the site's first "taster" article, published in September 2017, "prompted such derision from supporters that some cancelled their monthly donations in protest"; readers reportedly complained that the article "was littered with factual errors and incomprehensible sentences" and seemed to have a pronounced liberal bias.[11]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Wikitribune site info on Alexa.com
  2. ^ Jimmy Wales, on Wikipedia
  3. ^ FAQs: legal - WikiTribune, Wikitribune, 2017, all our content will be released under a Creative Commons attribution (CC-BY) license to the maximum extent possible
  4. ^ a b c d e Hern, Alex (25 April 2017). "Wikipedia founder to fight fake news with new Wikitribune site". The Guardian. Retrieved 24 April 2017.
  5. ^ Collins, Terry (24 April 2017). "Wikipedia co-founder launches project to fight fake news". CNET. Retrieved 25 April 2017.
  6. ^ a b FAQs: legal - WikiTribune, Wikitribune, 30 August 2017, It’s a for-profit company
  7. ^ Ingram, Mathew (November 19, 2018). "Wikipedia's co-founder wanted to let readers edit the news. What went wrong?". Columbia Journalism Review.
  8. ^ a b Mandese, Joe (31 May 2017). "WikiTribune Meets Funding Goal: What's Next?, More Funding". MediaPost Communications. Retrieved 1 June 2017.
  9. ^ (2 August 2017). Announcing our new editor, Wikitribune on Medium
  10. ^ Morrish, Lydia (September 18, 2017). "WikiTribune taster #1: The 'great and the good' meet to promote UN Global Goals". Medium.com.
  11. ^ a b Moore, Matthew (14 October 2017). "Wikitribune's weak debut rattles backers". The Times. Retrieved 14 October 2017.
  12. ^ Wales, Jimmy (30 October 2017). "Hello, world: this is WikiTribune". WikiTribune. Retrieved 30 October 2017.
  13. ^ a b Moore, Matthew (October 23, 2018). "Wikipedia chief's news website axes all its journalists". The Times. Retrieved October 23, 2018.
  14. ^ Mathew Ingram (19 November 2018), "Wikipedia's co-founder wanted to let readers edit the news. What went wrong?", Columbia Journalism Review
  15. ^ Rhiannon Williams (25 April 2017), "Wikitribune: How Wikipedia's news website will work – in theory", i
  16. ^ Christopher Williams (25 April 2017), "Wikipedia co-founder Jimmy Wales exits Guardian board over conflict of interest with Wikitribune news site", Daily Telegraph
  17. ^ a b c d "Wikipedia's Jimmy Wales creates news service Wikitribune". BBC News. 25 April 2017. Retrieved 2017-04-25.
  18. ^ a b "Jimmy Wales to Launch Crowdfunded News Site Wikitribune to Fight 'Alternative Facts'". Time.com. 25 April 2017. Retrieved 2017-04-25.
  19. ^ a b Bond, David (25 April 2017). "Wikipedia's Jimmy Wales to set up global news website". Financial Times.
  20. ^ a b "Wikipedia launches news website to combat the rise of 'alternative facts'". news.com.au. News Limited. 25 April 2017. Retrieved 2017-04-25.
  21. ^ Greg Williams interviewing Jimmy Wales (24 April 2017), "Jimmy Wales goes after fake news with Wikitribune – a crowdfunded site for reporters", Wired
  22. ^ Jimmy Wales (4 May 2017), Does WikiTribune use proprietary Wiki software similar to sites such as Everipedia, or does it use MediaWiki like Wikipedia?
  23. ^ Fiveash, Kelly (25 April 2017). "Wikitribune is Jimmy Wales' attempt to wage war on fake news". Ars Technica. Retrieved 25 April 2017.
  24. ^ Stephen Lepitak (7 May 2017), "Gadgette's Holly Brockwell joins Jimmy Wales' Wikitribune", The Drum
  25. ^ Arjun Kharpal (19 May 2017), The Daily Mail has 'mastered the art of running stories that aren't true', Wikipedia founder Jimmy Wales says, CNBC
  26. ^ It’s the final countdown, Medium, 24 May 2017
  27. ^ Meet the journalists, part 1, Medium, 31 July 2017
  28. ^ Adrienne LaFrance (25 April 2017), "The Problem With WikiTribune", The Atlantic
  29. ^ Laura Hazard Owen (24 April 2017), Wikipedia founder Jimmy Wales launches Wikitribune, a large-scale attempt to combat fake news, Nieman Lab
  30. ^ "Wikipedia won't break real news, just tweak it". Sunday Times. 30 April 2017. Retrieved 30 April 2017.
  31. ^ Emily Bell (30 April 2017), "Wikitribune venture will not address journalism's underlying issues", The Guardian
  32. ^ Zaheera Harb (3 May 2017), "Can Wikitribune combat fake news?", Al Jazeera
  33. ^ Brasted, Eriksson and Coleman (24 May 2017), Wikitribune and broken news, Hogan Lovells
  34. ^ Lukas Keller (25 April 2017), Jimmy Wales gründet ein Wikipedia für Journalismus, Schweizer Radio und Fernsehen
  35. ^ Jane Singer (27 April 2017), Jimmy Wales is betting crowd-sourced news can restore our trust in the media, City, University of London
  36. ^ Woody Evans. "Wikitribune sets out to practice evidence-based journalism". Retrieved 30 May 2017.

External links[edit]