Wikimedia movement

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Wikimedia movement
TypeInformal organization of individual contributors, chapters, user groups and thematic organizations
FocusFree, open-content, wiki-based Internet projects
Area served

The Wikimedia movement is the global community of contributors to the Wikimedia projects, including Wikipedia.[1][2] This community directly builds and administers these projects[3] with the commitment of achieving this using open standards and software.[4]

First created around and by Wikipedia's community of volunteer editors (Wikipedians), it has since expanded to other projects like Wikimedia Commons and Wikidata and volunteer software engineers and developers contributing to the software used to power Wikimedia, MediaWiki.


Content projects[edit]

As of 2023, Wikimedia's content projects include:

  • Wikipedia, an online encyclopedia
  • Meta-Wiki, a Wikimedia wiki project idea discussion and coordination location
  • Wikibooks, a repository for educational textbooks
  • Wikidata, a shared repository of structured data, accessible by the other projects
  • Wikifunctions, a catalog of functions and source code. It is designed to support Abstract Wikipedia, a language-independent version of Wikipedia using structured data.
  • Wikimedia Commons, a shared repository of free-to-use media like images, videos and sounds, accessible by the other projects
  • Wikinews, a repository for news articles
  • Wikiquote, a collection of quotations
  • Wikisource, a library of source texts and documents
  • Wikispecies, a taxonomic catalogue of species
  • Wikiversity, a repository of educational materials
  • Wikivoyage, a travel guide
  • Wiktionary, a dictionary

Infrastructure and interface projects[edit]

Other supporting projects in the Wikimedia movement include


Project communities[edit]

The Wikimedia community includes a number of communities devoted to single wikis.

Meta community[edit]

A multilingual cross-project community developed on the Meta-Wiki, where translation and governance discussions happen. A number of other communities and wikis spun out of this, including Outreach and Strategy wikis, and proposals for Commons and Wikidata.

Wikipedia community[edit]

The Wikipedia community is the community of contributors of the online encyclopedia Wikipedia. It consists of editors (Wikipedians), some operating Wikipedia bots, and administrators. The Arbitration Committee (or ArbCom) is a court of last resort for disputes on Wikipedia.[5]

Wikipedians in residence[edit]

Wikipedians in residence are Wikipedians and Wikimedians who collaborate with a cultural institution to help integrate its work into the projects. They can be volunteer or salaried, part- or full-time.

Thematic organizations[edit]

Thematic organizations are charities, similar to chapters, founded to support Wikimedia projects in a subject focal area. As of 2021 there are two such organizations.[6][7][8]

Wikimedia chapters[edit]

  Wikimedia chapters (blue)
  Wikimedia user groups with a geographic focus (green)

National and regional community groups have incorporated chapters, charitable organizations that support Wikimedia projects and their participants in specified countries and geographical regions. As of 2021 there are 39 chapters.[9] Over time the agreements between chapters and WMF became more formalized.[10]

Wikimedia Deutschland (WMDE) is the oldest chapter, holding its first meeting in 2004. As of 2016, it had a budget of €20 million.[9][11] Some chapters such as WMDE get some of their funds directly from grants and supporting memberships. Some others get their funds primarily from annual plan grants from WMF. As of 2019, roughly 10% of the WMF budget is distributed in this way to chapters and thematic organizations.[6]

Wikimedia Foundation[edit]

The Wikimedia Foundation (WMF) is an American non-profit[12] and charitable organization headquartered in San Francisco, California. It owns the domain names and maintains most of the movement's websites.

WMF was founded in 2003 by Jimmy Wales so that there would be an independent charitable entity responsible for the domains and trademarks, and so that Wikipedia and its sister projects could be funded through non-profit means in the future. Its purpose was "... to empower and engage people around the world to collect and develop educational content under a free license or in the public domain, and to disseminate it effectively and globally."[13][14][15]

According to WMF's 2015 financial statements, in 2015 WMF had a budget of US$72 million, spending US$52 million on its operation, and increasing its reserves to US$82 million.[16] WMF is primarily funded by donations with the average donation being $15.[17]

Wikimedia user groups[edit]

There are over 800 language editions of different Wikimedia projects, each with groups of editors working on areas of shared interest. Some have Wikiprojects[18] with their own project pages, membership lists, and open task trackers. Some also register as community user groups to participate in movement governance, use community logos outside of the wikis, and receive grants for events and projects. As of 2023, there are over 140 user groups.[19]


  1. ^ Koerner, Jackie; Reagle, Joseph (October 13, 2020). Wikipedia @ 20: Stories of an Incomplete Revolution. MIT Press. p. 273. ISBN 9780262360609. The Wikimedia movement has always been a movement of writers (and curators) rather than readers.
  2. ^ Maher, Katherine (2020-10-15), "22 Capstone: Making History, Building the Future Together", ::Wikipedia @ 20, PubPub, ISBN 978-0-262-53817-6, archived from the original on 2021-10-16, retrieved 2021-09-06
  3. ^ Kosseff, Jeff (April 15, 2019). The Twenty-Six Words That Created the Internet. Cornell University Press. ISBN 9781501735790. Archived from the original on April 29, 2023. Retrieved March 20, 2023.
  4. ^ Proffitt, Merrilee (April 2, 2018). Leveraging Wikipedia: Connecting Communities of Knowledge. American Library Association. p. 13. ISBN 9780838916322.
  5. ^ Cohen, Noam (June 7, 2009). "The Wars of Words on Wikipedia's Outskirts". The New York Times. Archived from the original on March 28, 2014. Retrieved June 9, 2009.
  6. ^ a b "Template:APG navigation". Meta-Wiki. Archived from the original on 2016-08-07. Retrieved 2016-09-24.
  7. ^ "Wikimedia movement affiliates/Frequently asked questions". Meta-Wiki. Archived from the original on 2015-12-08. Retrieved 2016-09-24.
  8. ^ "Wikimedia thematic organizations". Meta-Wiki. Archived from the original on 2020-08-13. Retrieved 2021-08-25.
  9. ^ a b "Wikimedia chapters". Meta-Wiki. Archived from the original on 2016-09-17. Retrieved 2016-09-24.
  10. ^ "Wikimedia chapters/Creation guide – Meta". Archived from the original on 2016-11-30. Retrieved 2016-09-24.
  11. ^ "Jahresplan 2016 – Wikimedia Deutschland". (in German). 2015-11-28. Archived from the original on 2019-07-05. Retrieved 2016-09-24.
  12. ^ "GuideStar – WIKIMEDIA FOUNDATION, INC". Archived from the original on 2021-01-21. Retrieved 2020-02-11.
  13. ^ Jimmy Wales (June 20, 2003). "Announcing Wikimedia Foundation". mail:wikipedia-l. Archived from the original on March 30, 2013. Retrieved November 26, 2012.
  14. ^ Neate, Rupert (October 7, 2008). "Wikipedia founder Jimmy Wales goes bananas". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on November 10, 2008. Retrieved October 25, 2009. The encyclopedia's huge fan base became such a drain on Bomis's resources that Mr. Wales, and co-founder Larry Sanger, thought of a radical new funding model – charity.
  15. ^ "Bylaws". Wikimedia Foundation. Archived from the original on 2017-02-25. Retrieved 2016-09-24.
  16. ^ "WIKIMEDIA FOUNDATION, INC. Financial Statements, June 30, 2015 and 2014" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on January 12, 2016. Retrieved April 20, 2016.
  17. ^ "Frequently Asked Questions". WikiMedia Foundation. Archived from the original on 22 November 2013. Retrieved 23 September 2017.
  18. ^ "WikiProjects – Meta". Archived from the original on 2021-08-14. Retrieved 2021-09-06.
  19. ^ "Wikimedia user groups – Meta". Meta-Wiki. Archived from the original on April 13, 2023. Retrieved May 3, 2023.

External links[edit]