|Type||Informal organization of individual contributors, chapters, user groups and thematic organizations|
|Focus||Free, open-content, wiki-based Internet projects|
According to the Wikimedia Foundation, the Wikimedia movement is the global community of contributors to the Wikimedia projects. This community directly builds and administers the projects. It is committed to using open standards and software.
It was created around and to fund Wikipedia and the Wikipedia community, and has since expanded to other projects, including Wikimedia Commons and Wikidata, and volunteer software engineers and developers contributing to MediaWiki.
As of 2021, Wikimedia's content projects include:
- Wikipedia, a web-based encyclopedia
- Meta-Wiki, a place to discuss and coordinate projects and ideas across wikis
- Wikibooks, educational textbooks
- Wikidata, a shared repository of structured data, accessible by the other projects
- Wikifunctions, a catalog of functions and source code. It is designed to support Abstract Wikipedia, a language-independent version of Wikipedia using structured data.
- Wikimedia Commons, a shared repository of media like images, videos and sounds, accessible by the other projects
- Wikinews, news articles
- Wikiquote, a collection of quotations
- Wikisource, a library of source texts and documents
- Wikispecies, a taxonomic catalogue of species
- Wikiversity, educational material
- Wikivoyage, a travel guide
- Wiktionary, a dictionary
Infrastructure and interface projects
Other supporting projects in the Wikimedia movement include
- Kiwix, a community project for offline access to the content projects
- MediaWiki, the open source platform for the projects
- Toolforge, a community space for hosting software projects that need access to the cluster
- Volunteer Response Team, community handling email inquiries
- Wikimedia cloud services, a space for shared cloud computing, built on OpenStack
- Wikitech, a community of developers with a wiki and mailing list
The Wikimedia community includes a number of communities devoted to single wikis.
A multilingual cross-project community developed on the Meta-wiki, where translation and governance discussions happen. A number of other communities and wikis spun out of this, including Outreach and Strategy wikis, and proposals for Commons and Wikidata.
The Wikipedia community is the community of contributors of the online encyclopedia Wikipedia. It consists of editors (or contributors), some operating Wikipedia bots, and administrators. The Arbitration Committee (or ArbCom) is a court of last resort for disputes on Wikipedia.
Wikipedians in residence
Wikipedians in residence are Wikipedians and Wikimedians who collaborate with a cultural institution to help integrate their work into the projects. These can be volunteer or salaried, part- or full-time.
National and regional community groups have incorporated chapters, charitable organizations that support Wikimedia projects and their participants in specified countries and geographical regions. As of 2021[update] there are 39 chapters. Over time the agreements between chapters and WMF became more formalized.
Wikimedia Deutschland (WMDE) is the oldest chapter, holding its first meeting in 2004. As of 2016, it had a budget of €20 million. Some chapters such as WMDE get some of their funds directly from grants and supporting memberships. Some others get their funds primarily from annual plan grants from WMF. As of 2019, roughly 10% of the WMF budget is distributed in this way to chapters and thematic organizations.
The Wikimedia Foundation (WMF) is an American non-profit and charitable organization headquartered in San Francisco, California. It owns the domain names and maintains most of the movement's websites.
WMF was founded in 2003 by Jimmy Wales so that there would be an independent charitable entity responsible for the domains and trademarks, and so that Wikipedia and its sister projects could be funded through non-profit means in the future. Its purpose was "... to empower and engage people around the world to collect and develop educational content under a free license or in the public domain, and to disseminate it effectively and globally."
According to WMF's 2015 financial statements, in 2015 WMF had a budget of US$72 million, spending US$52 million on its operation, and increasing its reserves to US$82 million. WMF is primarily funded by donations with the average donation being $15.
Wikimedia user groups
There are over 800 language editions of different Wikimedia projects, each with groups of editors working on areas of shared interest. Some have Wikiprojects with their own project pages, membership lists, and open task trackers. Some also register as community user groups in order to participate in movement governance, use community logos outside of the wikis, and receive grants for events and projects. As of 2021[update], there are over 130 user groups.
- Koerner, Jackie; Reagle, Joseph (October 13, 2020). Wikipedia @ 20: Stories of an Incomplete Revolution. MIT Press. p. 273. ISBN 9780262360609.
The Wikimedia movement has always been a movement of writers (and curators) rather than readers.
- Maher, Katherine (2020-10-15), "22 Capstone: Making History, Building the Future Together", ::Wikipedia @ 20, PubPub, ISBN 978-0-262-53817-6, retrieved 2021-09-06
- Kosseff, Jeff (April 15, 2019). The Twenty-Six Words That Created the Internet. Cornell University Press. ISBN 9781501735790.
- Proffitt, Merrilee (April 2, 2018). Leveraging Wikipedia: Connecting Communities of Knowledge. American Library Association. p. 13. ISBN 9780838916322.
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The encyclopedia's huge fan base became such a drain on Bomis's resources that Mr. Wales, and co-founder Larry Sanger, thought of a radical new funding model – charity.
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