Wikipedia:Naming conventions (music)/Disambiguation
|This guideline documents an English Wikipedia naming convention.|
|It has been suggested that this page be merged into Wikipedia:Naming_conventions_(music). (Discuss)|
This is the guideline for disambiguation of non-classical music articles. It is intended only as a guide to assist in the correct methods of disambiguation when there is no primary topic for the base name's title. For disambiguation styles of classical music refer to Compositions (classical music).
- Do not pre-emptively disambiguate pages from topics that do not exist, or that are not notables. If the name of an article about a musical group or a recording does not share its title with any other topic in Wikipedia, use the base title as a primary topic.
- If captalization or grammatical articles help to distinguish one topic from another use the base title, for example Curiosity Killed the Cat or Ice Cube.
- If there are two or more articles sharing their name, determine if any of those articles is primary relative to the other article(s).
- If there is no primary topic for the usage of a title, the base title will be occupied by a disambiguation page, for example Next to Me, or it will be redirected to an appropriate page, for example Hurricane.
Musical individuals and groups
- Use "(singer)" when the person solely sings songs or is mostly known for singing songs (Ramón (singer))
- Use "(musician)" when the person is known for their work in other musical fields, like writing songs or producing music for other artists (Drake (musician))
- Use "(rapper)" if the person is known for rapping (Diamond (rapper))
- Use "(entertainer)" if the person is also well-known in other non-musical entertainment fields (Madonna (entertainer))
- Use "(composer)" for composers of film scores or classical music (Tamás Deák (composer))
- Use "(DJ)" for disc jockeys (Michael Simon (DJ)), unless "DJ" is part of their pseudonym (DJ Craze).
- Use "(music producer)" when the person is mostly known for producing music, especially electronic dance music (Alan Walker (music producer))
Disambiguation for musical groups should be done by using an appropriate disambiguation term. The most common is "(band)", but it can also be done through other methods:
- Use "(band)" when the musical ensemble members perform by playing musical instruments, for example Garbage (band) or Town & Country (band)
- Use "(group)" when the musical ensemble members do not perform by playing musical instruments, the members are mainly vocalists, and other people perform by playing musical instruments. Within this includes all non-performing boy bands (One Direction) and girl groups (Spice Girls), for example TLC (group) or RD (group)
- Use "(vocal ensemble)" when the musical ensemble performs solely by vocals, for example Tonus Peregrinus (vocal ensemble)
- Use either "(band)" or "(duo)" when the musical ensemble is a duet, for example Capital Cities (band) or Lu (duo).
In both cases, if a person or a musical group shares their name with another person or musical group, and there is no primary topic, disambiguation may be performed through methods that can help to distinguish one topic from another:
- The first one is through nationalities, for example: Bleach (American band) v. Bleach (British band) v. Bleach (Japanese band); or through the state in which they were formed: Tennessee Ramblers (Tennessee band) v. Tennessee Ramblers (North Carolina band), or The Rain (Basingstoke band) v. The Rain (Manchester band)
- Use the musical genres the person or musical group is known for, for example Face to Face (punk band) v. Face to Face (new wave band).
- Use the year (if available) or the decade in which the person was born, or the musical group performed the most: Justin Young (singer, born 1987) or The Stargazers (1980s group)
- If an individual shares name with another individual, you can use the band or group(s) they perform to disambiguate: Ian Watkins (Steps) v. Ian Watkins (Lostprophets).
- If there still a conflict between musicians, you may use two or more disambiguation terms: LiSA (Japanese musician, born 1987) v. LISA (Japanese musician, born 1974)
- Note that there may be occasional exceptions; these are determined when the community decides there is no benefit in moving a page or retargeting a redirect, or in cases in which a consensus is not reached: Nirvana (band) v. Nirvana (British band).
Albums, extended plays and video albums
Unless more than one article about albums of the same name exist, there is no need to disambiguate any further. For example, it has been determined that there is no primary topic for "Down to Earth", so "Down to Earth" is a disambiguation page. As multiple albums share the same name, "Down to Earth (album)" will redirect there.
- Use "(album)" for articles that are about studio albums, compilation albums, greatest hits albums, remix albums, cast recording albums, visual albums and live albums
- Use "(video)" for video albums.
- Use "(box set)" for box sets.
- Use either "(soundtrack)" or the full name of a soundtrack for soundtrack albums.
- Use either "(film score)" or the full name of the film score for film scores .
- Use "(mixtape)" for mixtapes.
- For demo albums use either "(album)" (or "(EP)" if it meets the criteria; see below) or "(demo)".
- For extended plays use "(EP)", unless "EP" is itself part of the title: The Black EP or Another One Rides the Bus (EP). To determine if an album is a studio album or an extended play check the length and the number of songs. In most circumstances, a recent extended play will not last over 35 minutes and will not have more than 8 songs; while an extended play released before the 00s would not last over 30-25 minutes. Note that an EP can include multiple remixes of a same song, for example A (Ayumi Hamasaki EP), so these should be excluded from the final length.
If two or more albums share their title, but they are not from the same type, simple disambiguation will still be used, for example Title (album) and Title (EP), or Electric Dreams (album) and Electric Dreams (soundtrack). If two or more albums share their title, and they are of the same type, further disambiguate by band, for example Confessions (Buckcherry album) and Confessions (Usher album). Collaborative albums and split albums—those in which two (or more) performers release an album together and that require disambiguation, will include all performers as they are credited on the album cover (Hands (Dave Holland and Pepe Habichuela album) or Trio (Dolly Parton, Linda Ronstadt and Emmylou Harris album)). Consider that titles should be concise enough and should not be "longer than necessary to identify the article's subject and distinguish it from other subjects", so if an album was released by several people, and it may compromise readability, use another shorter method of disambiguation.
In the event a performer releases two or more albums of the same name, but in different years, the year of its release will be utilized (Weezer (1994 album), Weezer (2001 album), Weezer (2008 album) and Weezer (2016 album)). If a performer releases two or more albums of the same name, and other performers also have albums with the same name, use both year and performer (Colours (album) v. Colours (1972 Donovan album), Colours (1987 Donovan album) and Colours (1991 Donovan album)). If they are released in the same year, use a method that can help to be distinguished from each other (Uzi (Muslimgauze studio album) v. Uzi (Muslimgauze compilation album) or The Videos (Kylie Minogue VHS) v. Kylie: The Videos). In the rare event two unrelated performers share the same name (for example Bleach (American band), Bleach (British band) and Bleach (Japanese band)), and they release an album with the same name (example: Bleach), disambiguation will be handled as: "Title of the work (year of release / nationality of the performer / band or singer / name of the performer / type of album)", resulting in: Bleach (American band Bleach album), Bleach (British band Bleach album), and Bleach (Japanese band Bleach album).
- Note that there may be occasional exceptions for redirects; these are determined when an album may not be the primary topic for its title, but results to be the most preferred option for readers's searches and/or it is a highly valued recording by multiple reliable sources, for example Thriller (album). The consensus can be reached through a discussion on the talk page or through Wikipedia:Redirects for discussion.
Songs and compositions (non-classical)
Like with albums above, unless more than one article about songs of the same name exist, there is no need to disambiguate any further.
- Use the disambiguation "(song)" for articles about songs and acapellas.
- Use "(instrumental)" or "(composition)" for instrumentals and non-lyrical musical compositions (excepting classical music).
- If possible, avoid using other terms like "(single)", "(cassette)" or "(CD single)", etc..
If two or more musical compositions share the same title, and disambiguation is necessary:
- Use the name of the performer who first published the song ("All I Ever Wanted" (Aranda song)), and not a cover artist name (
"All I Ever Wanted" (Kelly Clarkson song))
- If there is no defined performer of an old song (over 50 years), the lyricist(s) and/or the composer(s) are not well-recognized, or multiple notable performers that have covered it are better known than the original recording artist, the year of publication will be used ("Tonight" (1956 song) or "Dancing on the Ceiling" (1930 song))
- If a performer releases two or more songs of the same name, use the year of release, or the year and name of the artist ("Heaven" (1977 Bonnie Tyler song) and "Heaven" (1998 Bonnie Tyler song))
- You may include the name of the film or musical a song was released on ("Almost There" (The Princess and the Frog song)), or the studio which owns its rights ("Let It Go" (Disney song))
- If two or more musical compositions share their title but they are not from the same type, simple disambiguation may still be used, as long as it does not make a conflict between them, for example "Buckaroo" (song) and "Buckaroo" (instrumental), or "Sandstorm" (Cast song) and "Sandstorm" (instrumental).
Artists who make a guest appearance, those who are credited with a "featuring", are not included in the disambiguation: ("Without You" (David Guetta song) not "Without You" (David Guetta and Usher song)). Collaborative songs—those in which two (or more) performers release a musical composition together (generally include a "and"/"&", "with", "/", "+", or an space between their names in the credits), and that require disambiguation will include all performers as they are credited in the single cover: ("Whistle" (Kylie Minogue and múm song) or "Bang Bang" (Jessie J, Ariana Grande and Nicki Minaj song)). As explained above, consider that titles should be concise enough.
- Note that there may be occasional exceptions for redirects; these are determined when a song may not be the primary topic for its title, but results to be the most preferred option for readers's searches and/or it is a highly valued recording by multiple reliable sources. The consensus can be reached through a discussion on the talk page or through Wikipedia:Redirects for discussion.
- An RFC closed in August 2013 has established consensus that "(entertainer)" "should be restricted to cases where a subject's notability across different areas of entertainment is roughly the same".
- An RFC closed in June 2016 has established consensus that further disambiguation is only required when multiple songs or albums of the same name have articles.